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book essay review Book Review Sample Essay. 21 September 2006. Book Review for Wuthering High. Having to go to a boarding school and wear a uniform would be traumatic for most teenagers. Argument On Smoking Bans! Add a ban on cell phones and music, and thesis it is like the world is ending. Oddly enough, for Miranda Tate, these things become the least of her worries in the 257 page, young adult fiction novel Wuthering High. Argument On Smoking! This novel was written by Cara Lockwood and should i write my essay in present tense published by MTV Books. Wuthering High is a modern novel that will be examined using a summary of its mystical plot , an analysis of the argument essay on smoking, dynamic character Miranda, and a discussion of the book#8217;s theme about punishments . The summary of this book#8217;s plot combines the completely modern with mystical elements that make it truly entertaining. The story opens with Miranda trying to downplay the major discretions, including totaling her dad#8217;s new BMW convertible, that cause her parents to send her to Bard Academy, a boarding school for juvenile delinquents. For a teenage girl who calls Chicago home, Bard Academy#8217;s location on an island off the coast of essay dream langston, Maine seems like halfway across the argument, world.

As soon as Miranda arrives on the island, she knows something just isn#8217;t right about the school. The bus driver drives like a maniac and asks her if she has any drugs. Experience High! The athletic coach drinks out of a flask. There are even security personnel called #8220;Guardians#8221; who are allowed to argument essay bans get physical with students. Doctoral Program Announcement! Things get even stranger when Miranda learns that there was a student that disappeared from Bard several years before, and Miranda becomes positive that this girl#8217;s ghost is haunting her.

Over the course of the essay bans, story, Miranda discovers that there are characters from classic novels, including Heathcliff from the novel Wuthering Heights , running loose around the school. The plot comes to thesis its climax when Miranda and her friends uncover the secret of the school. The staff members are all ghosts that died before their time on earth was supposed to be finished. For that, they have been sentenced to serve at Bard for an indeterminate amount of argument bans, time. The majority of the staff is composed of dead authors, and, unfortunately, one of the statemenmt, dead authors is essay on smoking bans, Emily Bront, who has decided to free fictional characters into the real world, which could cause both the fictional world and the real world to collapse. If that weren#8217;t enough, Miranda also learns that she is the descendant of Kate Shaw, an thesis statemenmt escaped character from Wuthering Heights . Argument Essay On Smoking! Emily is stopped when she enters Wuthering Heights and the book is burned. The main character in the book, Miranda, proves herself to be very dynamic . One of the most obvious changes in doctoral announcement her is that her perspective on school, and Bard in particular, has shifted dramatically. On Smoking! At the beginning of the thesis, book, Miranda readily admits that she isn#8217;t very focused on on smoking school and claims that life is about balance, so she is justified in focusing more on clothes and friends to the point that her grades slip.

She is thesis, completely distraught when she learns that she has to go without her cell phone and her hair dryer; she even tries to run away from the school. By the end of the story, her perspective has completely changed. She is much happier with attending Bard and essay on smoking bans realizes that the essay informational, absence of distractions truly does help her focus on studying. Instead of considering what to argument essay on smoking bans wear to the next party, she is thinking about scholarships and getting into program, a good college. On a deeper level, Miranda is dynamic because she has become more self-aware. She is unable to make the connection between the lack of attention from her parents, who are too concerned with Botox injections and a mid-life crisis, and her desire to act out and get herself in trouble. At Bard, Miranda has to essay on smoking bans attend counseling sessions. During her first session, Ms. W, her dorm mother, teacher, and counselor, asks Miranda about her family. Because her parents are so focused on thesis themselves, Miranda is the one that generally takes care of argument essay on smoking, herself and her little sister.

Ms. W points out the fact that Miranda#8217;s tendency to get in trouble may be her way of trying to experience high school prove to her parents that she is still a kid. Due to this realization, Miranda begins to accept her parents for who they are and accept the fact that it really isn#8217;t her fault that they act the way they do. Although it is not directly stated, it appears that by the end of the novel, Miranda#8217;s impulse to act out has lessened from what it was at the beginning of the story. Although there are many themes that can be drawn from Wuthering High , one of the primary themes is that punishments can turn into bans, positive experiences if they are approached with an open mind. Should Medical Marijuana/cannabis Be Legalized! Miranda may not have started out her experience at argument essay, Bard with an open mind, but with the help of her new friends and her teachers, she discovers a range of positives about attending a school for delinquents that is run by ghosts. Even though Miranda loves her best friends from should home, Liz and Cass, she accepts the fact that it is probably good that she can#8217;t spend a lot of time with them anymore because they are a bad influence and increase her chances of getting in trouble.

Also, as was previously mentioned, Miranda realizes that being removed from the distractions of home, including her cell phone and parties, allows her to concentrate on schoolwork and that she doesn#8217;t really mind doing her schoolwork. She seems to have better direction in her life and she has goals beyond dressing well and having a boyfriend. Even her choice in boyfriends improves during her time at Bard. Prior to being sent there, she briefly dated a guy that had a bad reputation; on on smoking bans a date, he spiked her drink with alcohol. At Bard, she becomes closer to a guy that she knew from her old school, and he genuinely cares about her. Instead of medical marijuana/cannabis essay, having a date that involves alcohol, they end up having a date where they enjoy eating Pop-Tarts, which are contraband at Bard.

All in all, Miranda discovers that her punishment isn#8217;t really that bad after all, and she seems to bans be happy that she was sent away to Bard. In brief, the book Wuthering High is langston, a story that has a mystical plot , a dynamic character Miranda, and a theme about punishments . For a world where everyone seems to be concerned with who has the biggest and the best of argument, everything, this story demonstrates that sometimes, less really is more. Announcement! Cell phones do not have to argument essay on smoking bans become an extension of one#8217;s arm. Computers may be helpful, but sometimes a pen and paper can work just as well. All in all, people need to learn to place less value on material things and place more value on the things that are priceless: friends, family, and a good education.

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Roots: The Saga of an American Family, Alex Haley - Essay. Roots: The Saga of an American Family Alex Haley. (Full name Alexander Murray Palmer Haley) American novelist and biographer. The following entry presents criticism on argument essay on smoking bans, Haley's novel Roots: The Saga of an doctoral dissertation announcement, American Family (1976). Roots: The Saga of an argument essay on smoking, American Family (1976) is an historical novel that purports to trace the African American ancestry of its author, Alex Haley, back to a tiny village in Gambia, West Africa. Essay High School! Within two years of its publication, more than eight million copies of the book had been printed in twenty-six languages, and Roots had won 271 awards, including the Pulitzer Prize. Published in 1976, the volume also inspired a generation of ancestor-seeking Americans and argument on smoking bans, led to one of the most ambitious and most-watched television productions ever undertaken. Roots author Alex Haley was born in my essay in present 1921 in Ithaca, New York, the eldest of three sons. His father was a college professor; his mother a schoolteacher. Haley grew up in the small town of Henning, Tennessee, where his early memories reportedly included stories from elderly relatives about an African ancestor who refused to respond to the slave name “Toby.” The tales of essay bans his childhood eventually inspired the search for his past that led to the writing of Roots.

Although Haley's reputation in the literary world rests primarily upon this much-acclaimed historical novel, he is also remembered for writing Malcolm X's “as told to” autobiography in dream deferred hughes 1965. Haley wrote many articles for popular magazines, appeared on argument bans, countless television shows, and informational, lectured throughout the country until his death in 1992. Plot and Major Characters. Roots is the story of argument on smoking bans Kunta Kinte, a Mandinkan from the small village of Juffure, Gambia, in West Africa, and his American descendants. Kunta Kinte was “the African” about whom Haley's grandmother and others told stories. Roots imaginatively recreates the life of Haley's ancestor in essay dream deferred Africa, his capture into slavery in 1676, and his experiences as a slave in Spotsylvania, Virginia. Kunta refused to forget his African heritage and adopt the ways and customs of his white masters. He made attempts to argument essay, escape slavery, until after his fourth try his foot was severed by should medical marijuana/cannabis be legalized essay a slave-catcher. He later married Bell, the slave cook in the big house on the plantation, and they had a daughter named Kizzy.

Kunta spent Kizzy's childhood teaching her the sounds of his native African language and bans, imparting tales of her African ancestry. At the age of fifteen, Kizzy was sold to a master whose rape of his new young slave resulted in doctoral announcement the birth of the argument essay on smoking bans, third generation, George, who in turn learned of his African heritage through the stories of my essay tense his mother. This was the most famous of Haley's ancestors, after Kunta Kinte. Argument! George, known as “Chicken George” for his success as a gamecock trainer, fathered eight children with Mathilda. His fourth son, Tom, was the father of Haley's maternal grandmother, Cynthia, who was taken to Henning, Tennessee, on a wagon train of freed slaves. In Henning, Cynthia met and informational, married Will Palmer and argument bans, had a daughter named Bertha, who married Simon Haley: these were Haley's parents.

The linear direction of the thesis, plot of Roots can be captured by the genealogical litany summarized above. Essay On Smoking! The saga, however, incorporates the violence and doctoral, degradation experienced by slaves at every turn in the story, from the inhumane capture of argument essay on smoking young men and i write my essay in present tense, women on the shores of West Africa and the unspeakable horrors of the subsequent Middle Passage across the Atlantic Ocean, to the beatings, rapes, mutilations, and brutal living and working conditions to on smoking bans, which slaves were routinely subjected, when they were not being bought and sold in marketplaces. Each generation from Kunta Kinte on preserves memories of the ancestral past while achieving incremental and achingly slow progress toward the day when they would be slaves no more. Roots riveted public attention on statemenmt, one of the argument essay bans, most painful chapters of American history, and yet it was read—and in its television version, watched—by millions of Americans, black and white. In addition to treating the obvious subjects of slavery, black identity, and the power of oral history, Roots celebrates resiliency, the triumph of human spirit over cruelty, and the strength of family connections, both within and across generations. Families work together to protect their members. Children are taught that principles are worthy of risk. Medical Essay! Ancestral memories are preserved and essay bans, passed on deferred langston, through the telling of stories to one's children, and humankind's universal search for argument essay its identity is given a personal face. These themes cross racial and ethnic boundaries and essay dream hughes, help account for the book's immense popularity. At the time of its publication, Roots was called “the single most spectacular educational experience in race relations in America” by Vernon Jordan, executive director of the bans, National Urban League.

The creative revelation of one family's story opened doors that had long been locked, in individual families and in American culture as a whole. Although critics generally lauded Roots, they seemed unsure whether to treat the work as a novel or as a historical account. While the narrative is based on factual events, the dialogue, thoughts, and emotions of the characters are fictionalized. Haley himself described the essay, book as “faction,” a mixture of essay fact and fiction. Most critics concurred and evaluated Roots as a blend of history and entertainment. Statemenmt! Newsweek applauded Haley's decision to fictionalize: “Instead of writing a scholarly monograph of little social impact, Haley has written a blockbuster in the best sense—a book that is bold in concept and ardent in argument essay on smoking execution, one that will reach millions of people and alter the way we see ourselves.” Some black leaders viewed Roots “as the most important civil rights event since the 1965 march on Selma,” according to Time. Not all the attention accorded Roots was positive, however.

In 1977 two published authors, Margaret Walker and Harold Courlander, alleged separately that Haley plagiarized their work in Roots. Charges brought by Walker were later dropped, but Haley admitted that he unknowingly lifted three paragraphs from Courlander's The African (1968). A settlement was reached whereby Haley paid Courlander $500,000. Be Legalized Essay! The same year other accusations arose, alleging that Haley had altered data to fit his objectives, fabricating ancestors and changing timelines or geographic details to make the story into the one he wanted to tell. These charges were never proven or resolved, but Haley's supporters maintain that the author never claimed Roots was a factual document, calling it instead a work of essay “faction,” fiction based on the facts of i write my essay in present tense his ancestry, as he discovered them. Despite these controversies, the public image of on smoking bans Roots doesn't seem to essay, have suffered. It is still widely read in schools, and argument on smoking bans, many college and university history and literature programs consider it an essential part of their curriculum. Access our Roots: The Saga. Study Guide for Free. The Autobiography of Malcolm X (biography) 1965.

Roots: The Saga of an American Family (historical novel) 1976. A Different Kind of Christmas (novella) 1988. Alex Haley's Queen: The Story of an American Family [with David Stevens] (novel) 1993. The Playboy Interviews (interviews) 1993. Alan Crawford (essay date 4 March 1977)

SOURCE: Crawford, Alan. “All in marijuana/cannabis be legalized essay the Family.” National Review 29, no. Argument Essay On Smoking! 8 (4 March 1977): 278-79. [ In the following essay, Crawford reviews Roots.] “The end of the American artist's pilgrimage to Europe is the high, discovery of America,” Leslie Fiedler writes. So, too, the American artist's pilgrimage (if he is on smoking bans black) to Africa: after 12 years of research and half a million miles of travel, Alex Haley has discovered an America that is feasting on his book [ Roots ] and has devoured a television adaptation as well. Haley thus finds himself an Instant Celebrity, that most American form of notoriety and medical marijuana/cannabis, one which, I suspect, leaves him feeling most ambivalent. For. (The entire section is 756 words.) Get Free Access to this Roots: The Saga of an essay, American Family Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more.

Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the experience high school, chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on argument on smoking bans, the go. Thesis! Download our handy iOS app for free. Richard West (essay date 23 April 1977) SOURCE: West, Richard. “ Roots and the Sunday Times. ” Spectator 238, no. 7764 (23 April 1977): 19-20.

[ In the following essay, West questions the veracity of Haley's ancestral and historical claims in Roots.] As long ago as the argument, mid-eighteenth century, a Negro slave from thesis statemenmt, North America who had been given his freedom by a considerate white man, returned to his home by the Gambia river, afterwards writing a book about essay, his experiences. Until well into the nineteenth century, some of those freed slaves who went to the settlements at Sierra Leone and Liberia were able to find their relations or at least their kinsmen. Perhaps the majority knew to which tribe. (The entire section is 1894 words.) Get Free Access to this Roots: The Saga of an American Family Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more.

Sandra Rattley (essay date May/June 1977) SOURCE: Rattley, Sandra. “The Impact of Roots : Real or Imagined?” Africa Report 22, no. 3 (May/June 1977): 12-6. [ In the following essay, Rattley questions the doctoral program, premise that Haley's book and argument bans, widely-acclaimed mini-series will have a significant impact on civil rights and issues of equality in essay informational the United States. ] Time magazine of February 14, 1977 said, and we quote: In Chicago, they were talking about “Haley's comet.” … In New York, Executive Director Vernon Jordan of the National Urban League called it “the single most spectacular educational experience in race relations in America.” (The entire section is 3628 words.)

David A. Gerber (essay date fall 1977) SOURCE: Gerber, David A. Essay On Smoking Bans! “Haley's Roots and Our Own: An Inquiry into the Nature of a Popular Phenomenon.” Journal of informational Ethnic Studies 5, no. 3 (fall 1977): 87-111. [ In the argument bans, following essay, Gerber examines the social and popular culture phenomenon of Roots -inspired interest in family ancestry and African culture. ] For the moment let us withhold judgment and consider the following: —While ABC-TV originally assumed it could lay claim to approximately 50,000,000 viewers for its $6,000,000 production of Roots, in fact at essay dream deferred langston hughes, least 85,000,000 and perhaps as many as 135,000,000 Americans watched the prime-time. (The entire section is argument on smoking bans 12836 words.)

Merrill Maguire Skaggs (essay date fall 1978) SOURCE: Skaggs, Merrill Maguire. “ Roots : A New Black Myth.” Southern Quarterly 17, no. 1 (fall 1978): 42-50. [ In the following essay, Skaggs compares Roots with Richard Wright's Native Son.] The extreme popularity of Alex Haley's Roots, a book which seemed to medical be legalized, reshape the literary image of blacks, suggests that the public was ready to reverse a whole cluster of attitudes toward black Americans, and to view blacks exactly as the book demanded. But, as William James remarked, “The most violent revolutions in an individual's beliefs leave most of his old order standing. … New truth is always a go-between, a smoother-over of transitions. … The. (The entire section is 3376 words.) SOURCE: Boyd, Herb. “Plagiarism and the Roots Suits.” First World 2, no.

3 (1979): 31-3. [ In the argument on smoking bans, following essay, Boyd examines passages in Roots that author Harold Courlander charged were plagiarized from his novel, The African.] Plagiarism is a concept and a practice that can be traced all the way back to Roman law, and while it can be defined in several ways, for our modern sleuths and lawyers it has come to thesis statemenmt, simply mean the act of argument on smoking bans one author appropriating the essay informational, writings of another author—in short, literary larceny. Such esteemed giants of argument Western literature as Chaucer, Shakespeare, George Bernard Shaw, and statemenmt, even Homer were accused. (The entire section is 2610 words.) R. Baxter Miller (essay date spring 1982)

SOURCE: Miller, R. Baxter. “Kneeling at the Fireplace: Black Vulcan-ROOTS and the Double Artificer.” MELUS 9, no. 1 (spring 1982): 73-84. [ In the following essay, Miller traces parallels in Roots between the mythological Roman Vulcan, patron of arts and argument essay bans, crafts, and langston hughes, the character of essay on smoking bans Kunta Kinte, craftsman and himself a mythical character to generations of informational his descendants. Argument Essay Bans! ] Most reviewers of Roots have overlooked Alex Haley's allusions to experience, Vulcan. On Smoking Bans! 1 L. D. Reddick, 2 a Temple University historian, observes instead that the book is a literary masterpiece, although the literary critic Larry King 3 believes the book is more. (The entire section is 5400 words.) Helen Chavis Othow (essay date March 1983) SOURCE: Othow, Helen Chavis. Dream Deferred! “ Roots and the Heroic Search for Identity.” CLA Journal 26, no. 3 (March 1983): 311-24. [ In the argument on smoking bans, following essay, Othow discusses Roots as a modern epic that has wide cultural appeal because it embodies the ongoing human search for meaning. ] An exploration of a very representative body of modern literature reveals that an dissertation program announcement, outstanding feature of its philosophical temper is argument bans a disconnected civilization.

1 The works of Ernest Hemingway, Arthur Miller, Albert Camus (to some degree), Samuel Beckett, John Barth, and Thomas Pynchon, all reflect the malaise of our times. Thesis! Alex Haley's Roots 2 also embodies. (The entire section is 4979 words.) Carol P. Marsh (essay date March 1983) SOURCE: Marsh, Carol P. Essay On Smoking! “The Plastic Arts Motif in Roots. ” CLA Journal 26, no. 3 (March 1983): 325-33. [ In the following essay, Marsh traces the essay experience school, significance of three major crafts—carving, weaving, and blacksmithing—in the on smoking, multi-generational saga of the African family traced in Roots.] In Alex Haley's Roots, one of the prevailing motifs is that of the plastic arts. As the thesis, reader examines the novel, he finds that the motif forms a part of the spiral structure, which, in turn, creates the work's theme of argument returning.

1 Thus, we find that Roots abounds with direct references to should in present tense, the plastic arts, and the motif seems to argument, develop with. (The entire section is my essay in present 3303 words.) Michael Steward Blayney (essay date winter 1986) SOURCE: Blayney, Michael Steward. “ Roots and the Noble Savage.” North Dakota Quarterly 54, no. 1 (winter 1986): 1-17. [ In the following essay, Blayney discusses similarities between the Roots portrayal of Africans and the portrayal of North Americans as the mythical “noble savage.” ] Time Magazine called it “Haley's Comet.” Black readers hailed it as the most important event in civil rights history since the 1965 march on Selma, Alabama. In January, 1977, Roots was proclaimed the most popular television program in the medium's history, with the last of eight consecutive episodes reaching an essay bans, unprecedented 90,000,000 viewers. (The entire section is 7325 words.) Christopher O. Griffin (essay date spring 1996)

SOURCE: Griffin, Christopher O. “ Roots, Violence, and the Context of Intention.” Griot: Official Journal of the Southern Conference on Afro-American Studies, Inc. 15, no. 1 (spring 1996): 1-14. [ In the following essay, Griffin examines the use of violence as symbol in Roots.] This is dream deferred hughes ultimately the most profound claim that any ritual or any religious system can make: that through their thoughts and argument essay on smoking bans, actions, people can fill their existence with meaning.

1. Roots : for many today, the title carries connotations associated with words such as. (The entire section is dissertation program announcement 7226 words.) SOURCE: Fishbein, Leslie. “ Roots : Docudrama and the Interpretation of History.” In Why Docudrama? Fact-Fiction on Film and essay, TV, edited by Alan Rosenthal, pp. 271-95. Dream! Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press, 1999. [ In the following essay, Fishbein discusses the merits and shortcomings of the use of television drama as a medium for preserving history. ] Roots was the sleeper of the 1976-77 television season, surprising even its makers by its phenomenal critical and commercial success. An unusual risk, ABC's production of Alex Haley's 885-page opus represented the first time that a network actually made a movie based on a major unpublished. (The entire section is 10778 words.)

SOURCE: Taylor, Helen. “Everybody's Search for Roots: Alex Haley and the Black and on smoking bans, White Atlantic.” In Circling Dixie: Contemporary Southern Culture through a Transatlantic Lens, pp. 63-90. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2001. [ In the following essay, Taylor traces numerous effects of Roots on American popular culture, academic black studies programs, and Southern identity. ] Gone With the Wind created, and perpetuated, a white myth of the South for international readers and audiences throughout the century. In the bicentennial year, 1976, however, a work appeared that looked set to sweep Scarlett, Rhett, and their faithful Mammy into. (The entire section is 12058 words.) Allen, Robert L. High School! “ The Black Scholar Interviews: Alex Haley.” Black Scholar 8, no. Argument Essay On Smoking! 1 (1976): 33-40. Alex Haley talks about his parents, his upbringing, and his works, including the best-selling Roots and the mini-series to be based on the book. Baldwin, James. “How One Black Man Came to be an American.” New York Times Book Review (26 September 1976): 1, 2. Offers an appraisal of Haley's Roots.

Baye, Betty Winston. “Alex Haley's Roots Revisited.” Essence 22, no. Should Medical Be Legalized! 10 (February 1992): 88-92. Illustrated article profiling the. (The entire section is 294 words.) Roots: The Saga of an American Family Homework Help Questions. This miniseries had a huge impact on popular culture. Argument Essay Bans! It was watched by a huge proportion of the country and had an impact on people of all ethnicities. Deferred Hughes! For many whites, the miniseries was a. This is an excellent question that may be best answered by a historian, rather than a book enthusiast. The reason for this is that Alex Haley, the author of the novel Roots performed his research. I think two of the major themes that can be identified in this impressive text is the theme of coming of age and then the theme of human rights.

Critics have argued that the argument, first section of this. Haley's thesis centers on the search through one's genealogical past for one's identity. Haley's thesis is thesis statemenmt that the individual who lives in on smoking bans the present tense can be traced to conditions as far. Kunta Kinte repeatedly refers to the fact that he knows who he is, and that he is sure of his identity. This is something that he comes to realise is a gift that few of the slaves he meets in.

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amistad story essay “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed people can change the world. Indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.” -- Margaret Mead Why should my students study the Amistad case? The answer is argument essay quite simple: it is a fascinating narrative for statemenmt, several reasons. In fact, it was really the first civil rights case in this country. It happened before the Civil War, at a time when black people had few rights, if any at all.

It is a David and Goliath story, good vs. evil, right vs. wrong. The case illustrates how the on smoking people of New Haven came together for a just cause. It caught popular attention right from the start as is seen in the images published by thesis John Warner Barber in 1840. “The incident raised fundamental moral, social, legal, religious, diplomatic, and political questions, and had an impact on American history that continues to be felt today.” 1. The case still has relevance today. Connecticut State Senator Toni N. Harp, D-10 was quoted as saying, “Americans should use the Amistad spirit to speak out against every attempt to curb freedom in bans the 21st century.” 2 According to “The Amistad Memorial brochure published by The Amistad Committee, Inc., “the triumph of the Amistad teaches us one of the most important lessons of our time: together we can overcome all odds and essay experience, strengthen our mutual needs for freedom and quality of life.” The story began in on smoking bans Sierra Leone in 1839. Fifty three members of the Mende tribe were kidnapped and taken to the island of Lomboko.

There, the captives were put aboard a Portuguese slave ship named the Tecora. Thesis Statemenmt! On board, were approximately 500 Africans that would be taken to argument on smoking, Havana, Cuba to be sold. Essay! 3 “A treaty between Great Britain and Spain, which controlled Cuba, made transporting Africans to Cuba for sale technically illegal after 1820.” 4 This did not stop the African’s from being sold with false documentation. Two Spaniards, Jose Ruiz and Pedro Montes, purchased the argument 53 captives in Havana and boarded them on the schooner La Amistad on June 28, 1839. Doctoral Program! The captives were to argument essay on smoking, be transported to the other end of Cuba, a voyage that should have taken three days. Cinque (also known at Singbe) was the statemenmt unofficial leader of the group.

He was able to use a loose nail to break free of the shackles and then freed the others. Next, there came a mutiny. The Africans killed the captain and most of the crew. Ruiz and argument, Montes were kept alive so that they could sail the boat back to Africa. “Cinque had observed that the Tecora had sailed toward the setting sun as it took them away from Africa. To return to essay informational, Africa, he reasoned, the Amistad should head toward the rising sun.” 5 Ruiz and argument on smoking bans, Montes sailed east during the day, but at should medical marijuana/cannabis essay, night turned the boat west, back towards the United States. For weeks, the schooner zigzagged up the coast towards New England. On August 26 the USS Washington of the U.S.

Navy intercepted the schooner about a mile off the coast of Long Island. Ruiz and essay on smoking bans, Montes were only able to give their side of the story and the Africans as well as the vessel were taken to New London. The 53 Africans were transported to the Jail in essay New Haven. 6. Argument Essay On Smoking! The supposition is that the statemenmt navy took the schooner and the captives to bans, Connecticut rather than New York for one simple reason. “Slavery was legal in Connecticut and not in New York, which meant the salvage rights to slave property, would not be considered in New York courts. 7. The Amistad’s cargo and the captives themselves would have been worth $60,000 in 1839. The Captain and crew of the USS Washington thus would have had a right to essay, the salvage under Connecticut law, but not under New York law. 8. There were several issues that needed to be settled by essay the courts. “The Africans had to be defended (1) against claims by the U.S. Navy, who seized the boat and wanted claims against the property (2) the Spanish owners who wanted the slaves and property back, and (3) against murder and mutiny charges.” 9 Also at question was the essay high school Anglo-Saxon Treaty of 1817, which outlawed slave trade in Spain and argument, its colonies, including Cuba. 10. “The essential issue throughout the affair was a conflict between human rights and essay deferred hughes, property rights -- whether natural law as the abolitionists defined it was to take precedence over essay bans, what they regarded as positive, man-made law.” 11 This was because the Circuit court judge, Smith Thompson, “preferred to evade the larger debate over abolition and rested his decision on jurisdictional grounds.” 12.

Yale Professor Josiah Gibbs was part of the group of New Haven abolitionists dedicated to helping the essay school Africans legally and financially. Professor Gibbs found two Mende speakers on argument essay on smoking bans the docks in New York. Should I Write! James Covey, a freed slave from Sierra Leone, and Charles Pratt, a native of Mende who had also been enslaved by a Spanish slave trader. 13 These two men were essential in having the on smoking captives tell their story in school their own voice. The Africans went through three rounds of court proceedings. The first was in the Circuit Court in Hartford in September 1839.

During this time, the Africans were held in the Hartford jail. They were transported to Hartford, on barges by way of the Farmington Canal. The Farmington canal line ran from New Haven, through Farmington, to Northampton, Massachusetts. The second was in the District Court in New Haven in January 1840. The appeal reached the U.S. Supreme Court in Washington D.C. in February of 1841. Argument On Smoking Bans! Finally, on March 9, 1840 the U.S. Supreme Court issued the verdict that the Africans were free men. The story does not end there. The thirty-six remaining Africans were again transported along the canal line to Farmington to live while abolitionists raised money for their return to Sierra Leone.

Farmington’s many abolitionist residents took an interest in the case during their trials in doctoral New Haven and Hartford. Finally, in November of 1841, The Gentleman sailed from New York to return the Africans to argument essay on smoking bans, Sierra Leone. There has been an ebb and flow of popular interest in the Amistad case. The public’s interest has been motivated by experience school various reasons. At the time of the first trial, when the Africans were being held in the New Haven jail, they were treated as a tourist attraction. “The jailer charged ‘one New York shilling’ (about 12 cents) for a look at argument on smoking, the captives. The Africans also attracted scientific interest. Thesis! A phrenologist examined the captives and took ‘life masks’ which were later put on public display.” 14 Phrenology is the argument bans antiquated “study of the conformation of the skull based on the belief that it is indicative of mental faculties and character”. 15.

In 1840, John Warner Barber published a pamphlet of the case, A History of the Amistad Captives. Included in should marijuana/cannabis essay this were several engravings. One engraving, “Death of Captain Ferrer, The Capture of the Amistad” shows the argument violent death of the Captain at the hands of the Africans. Wax figures of the Africans went on tour. The figures spent several weeks in Peale’s Museum in New York City.

16 While the public’s interest was of a voyeuristic nature, the abolitionists had intentions of helping the cause of the Africans. Their efforts included an event at the Broadway Tabernacle in New York City that displayed the essay high school African’s accomplishments. Essay On Smoking! 17. Interior of a Slave Ship from statemenmt John Warner Barber’s A History of the Amistad Captives , 1840, New Haven Museum and Historical Society 18. Death of Captain Ferrer, The Capture of the Amistad from John Warner Barber’s A History of the argument essay on smoking bans Amistad Captives , 1840, New Haven Museum and Historical Society 19. In opposition to the circus-like atmosphere that surrounded the captives, was the portrait of Cinque by Nathaniel Jocelyn. The portrait, painted in 1840, was the first depiction of an should marijuana/cannabis be legalized essay African as more than just a slave.

Cinque is portrayed in a classical white toga, holding a staff. This pose was usually reserved for argument essay on smoking bans, “heroic white figures.” 20 Because of the content of the painting, the Artist Fund Society of Philadelphia refused to exhibit the portrait in thesis statemenmt its annual exhibition. They claimed that ‘to display it might prove injurious both to the proprietors and the institution.’ Outraged, Jocelyn resigned his membership in the Society.” 21. Cinque by Nathaniel Jocelyn, circa 1840. New Haven Museum and Historical Society 22. After the Africans returned to Sierra Leone, interest in the case declined.

It was not until the twentieth century that we see another depiction of the Amistad case in argument essay bans New Haven. New Haven became home to several murals funded by doctoral dissertation announcement the Federal Arts Project during the 1930s. George Dudley Seymour wrote to the project director in 1933 asking that the Amistad event, which was significant in New Haven’s history, be the subject of a mural. Argument Essay On Smoking! Instead of referencing the historical debate between slavery and abolitionism, or the legal debate that sent the case to the Supreme Court, Theodore Sizer chose to depict the African captives on the New Haven Green performing for the crowds. 23. Nineteen eighty-nine was the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the Amistad incident. It was for this celebration that the city chose to commemorate the case in a markedly different way than it had in the past. The New Haven Museum and Historical Society prepared an exhibition of images and objects from experience high its collection as well as from the Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, Connecticut. Argument Essay! The exhibit, titled, Free men: the Amistad revolt and the American Anti-Slavery Movement, spent five months at the New Haven Museum and five months at the Wadsworth Atheneum.

At the closing of the exhibition, the should marijuana/cannabis be legalized essay objects and essay on smoking, images that belonged to the New Haven Museum became part of their permanent exhibit, Cinque Lives Here . In 1989, The Amistad Committee, Inc. was established in New Haven to promote understanding of this important event. The committee commissioned sculptor Ed Hamilton to create a bronze sculpture depicting the event. Essay! The fourteen-foot sculpture, The Amistad Memorial, stands in front of New Haven City Hall, former site of the jail where the captives were held. The memorial has three sides, each depicting Cinque in a different pose, one in essay bans traditional African clothes, one in western clothes in the courtroom, and one after he won his freedom. The statue was dedicated in 1992, again bringing a renewed interest in the case. The artist came to New Haven and spoke to many students in New Haven schools. Amistad Memorial, in front of New Haven City Hall. The May 1999 release of the thesis Steven Spielberg movie “Amistad” created national and international interest in the case.

The Academy Award nominated movie starred Matthew McConnaughey, Morgan Freeman, and Anthony Hopkins. The following year, a replica of the ship, built at Mystic Seaport, Mystic, Connecticut made its maiden voyage. Argument! It is an almost exact replica of the schooner, with additional room for an engine and a bathroom. The boat has made its home in essay New Haven harbor as well as making voyages to Sierra Leone. Argument Essay On Smoking! Visitors can tour the boat or take part in a sail. The unit will begin with several objectives: To use historical documents as educational tools for the experiencing of local histories, to use primary sources -- objects - as a storytelling tool, to have students become familiar with the visual images in their community, to make connections between artwork and local history, to work collaboratively to make a group artwork. The essential questions will be: What sort of objects or images survive from the incident?

Why were some items preserved and others not preserved? How can objects, in this case actual items in the New Haven Museum, tell a story? How has the essay dream deferred City of New Haven commemorated this important event in its history? How do we design and argument essay, create a collaborative piece to should my essay tense, commemorate the Amistad case that will visually document the struggle of the Amistad captives? New Haven and its residents played an important role in the both the maritime and legal journey of the Amistad captives. The case illustrates the Margaret Mead quote at argument bans, the beginning of the paper. A small group of committed people from New Haven helped bring about change that resonated for years. Because Co-op is located near the historic New Haven Green, we are within walking distance of many of the sites of importance in the Amistad case. Thesis! We are only one block away from the New Haven Museum and Historical Society (formerly the New Haven Colony Historical Society). The first time I taught the about the Amistad captives, I came across a quote by Dr. John Henrik Clarke in The Middle Passage by Tom Feelings.

He wrote, “Of the argument essay on smoking countless number of Africans ripped from the villages of Africa -- from the Senegal River to northern Angola -- during the nearly four centuries of the slave trade, approximately one third of them died on the torturous march to the ships and essay informational, one third of them died in the holding stations on both sides of the Atlantic or on the ships. If the essay on smoking Atlantic were to dry up, it would reveal a scattered pathway of human bones, African bones marking the various routes of the Middle Passage.” I have never forgotten this image. This is the reason I think it is should medical be legalized so important to teach all students of the struggle to overcome such atrocities. I am a visual arts teacher at Cooperative Arts Magnet High School (Co-op), an argument on smoking inter-district magnet high school. Approximately 65% of the students are from the city of New Haven and 35% come from surrounding towns.

The students apply for a lottery to come to Co-op and choose an area of the arts to apply to. This art form will be their area of doctoral program intensive study for argument on smoking bans, four years. The students may choose from thesis music, choral or instrumental, visual art, theater, creative writing, or dance. The Visual Art students take a double period of art, approximately 90 minutes, every day. Argument Essay! Students come from districts other than New Haven to attend Co-op rather than their local public high schools, primarily because they are interested in studying the arts in a smaller setting. Co-op has 418 students enrolled in grades 9-12. The student population is 65 percent female and 35 percent male, 47 percent Black students, 24 percent Hispanic, 28 percent White and 1 percent Asian American students.

The main languages spoken are English and Spanish with 2 percent English language learners (ELLs). The school has 10 percent students with special education needs. The proportion of students eligible for free or reduced price lunches is 41 percent, which is higher than the state average. One of the classes that I most enjoy teaching is Art Foundations, a sophomore required class. This course focuses on essay high school an overview of the bans history of essay deferred langston art from argument essay on smoking bans a global perspective. The course concentrates on history, criticism, and school, aesthetics, with studio projects that are designed to clarify course concepts and stimulate student interest. Students participate in lectures, discussions, written assignments, as well as studio work. The course is a double period, yearlong course taught on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. I teach this course in argument essay time-line fashion, starting with cave paintings and informational, working our way through history to Pop Art.

I always like to study the Amistad case at the appropriate place in time (before Impressionism) because it is an important part of local history. Using primary sources in the classroom brings local history to life. Why should we study the representations of the Amistad case? Period images and argument on smoking bans, surviving objects give us clues into the importance of the case, subsequent representations, and how it has been commemorated. It offers examples of how to visually document a narrative.

The ways in which the Amistad case has captured popular attention, then subsided, and then reemerged is important for students to doctoral dissertation program, understand. Students need to see history is oftentimes the viewpoint of the present looking back at the past. By examining how. New Haven has engaged with this story over time, students should see a variation of popular interest over time. 1 Diana R. McCain, Free Men: The Amistad Revolt and the American Anti-Slavery Movement. New Haven Colony Historical Society, 1990, 1 2 Randall Beach, “Amistad Returns from Yearlong Voyage: Homecoming, Schooner’s Story Still Inspirational”, 22 June 2005, New Haven Register A1 3 Diana R. McCain, Free Men , 3 4 ibid., 4 5 Diana R. McCain, Free Men , 5 6 Clifton Johnson, “The Amistad Case and its Consequences in U.S. History”, Journal of the New Haven Colony Historical Society , Volume 36, No. 2, Spring 1990.

New Haven Colony Historical Society, 5 7 ibid., 5 8 Douglas O. Linder 2000 http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/amistad/AMI_ACT.HTM, 2. 9 Constance Baker Motley, “The Amistad Case and bans, its Consequences in U.S. Informational! History”, Journal of the New Haven Colony Historical Society , Volume 36, No. 2, Spring 1990. New Haven Colony Historical Society, 23 10 Clifton Johnson, “The Amistad Case and its Consequences in U.S. History”, 5 11 Douglas O. Linder 2000 http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/amistad/AMI_ACT.HTM, 4 12 Howard Jones, Mutiny on the Amistad, The Saga of a Slave Revolt and Its Impact on argument American Abolition, Law, and Diplomacy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987, 11 13 ibid., 43 14 The Africans in i write my essay America , http://amistad.mysticseaport.org/discovery/story/africans.america.html, 2 15 http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/phrenology 16 op cit., 2 17 ibid., 3 18 Interior of a Slave Ship from John Warner Barber’s A History of the Amistad Captives , 1840, New Haven Museum and Historical Society, reprinted with permission of the New haven Museum and Historical Society 19 Death of Captain Ferrer, The Capture of the Amistad from John Warner Barber’s A History of the Amistad Captives , 1840, New Haven Museum and Historical Society, reprinted with permission of the New haven Museum and Historical Society 20 Caption, Cinque by Nathaniel Jocelyn, circa 1840 New Haven Museum and Historical Society 21 Caption, Cinque by Nathaniel Jocelyn, circa 1840 New Haven Museum and argument on smoking, Historical Society 22 Cinque by Nathaniel Jocelyn, circa 1840 New Haven Museum and Historical Society, reprinted with permission of the dissertation program announcement New haven Museum and Historical Society 23 Caption, Amistad mural, Troup Middle School, New Haven by Frank Rutkowski, c 1936-39 New Haven Museum and Historical Society.

Objectives: Students will know how culture, history, and the visual arts influence each other. Argument Essay On Smoking! Students will recognize that the visual arts tell something about the time in history and culture. Students will understand the Amistad case and thesis, the events leading up to the Africans confinement in New Haven. Discussion about background of the Amistad Case, pictures from The Middle Passage, map- “The Voyage of the essay on smoking bans Amistad Captives” by John O.C. McCrillis, 1989. Objectives: Students will understand and synthesize the various ways the African captives are portrayed in the exhibition. Essay Dream Deferred! Visit to the New Haven Museum and Historical Society, 114 Whitney Avenue, New Haven to see the permanent exhibit, “Cinque Lives Here”. Materials required -- journal and pencils. Prior to the visit, the students will be given background information about the Amistad Case and its importance to New Haven’s history. At the bans museum, students will view the exhibit, “Cinque Lives Here”.

This room includes artwork and artifacts related to the Amistad case. The exhibit on the second floor, “The Federal Art Project in New Haven: The Era, Art Legacy” includes a photograph of the WPA Mural of the Amistad Captives, as well as the sketch for the mural. Deferred Hughes! The students will view Cinque by Nathaniel Jocelyn c. 1840. Students will use the three methods of art criticism to write about this painting in their journals: Describe, Analyze and Interpret. 1. Argument On Smoking Bans! Describe: What do you see in this painting? Make a list of program announcement all the essay bans things you see. 2. My Essay In Present Tense! Analyze: How is the work organized? Based on the elements and principles of design, discuss the way the essay bans artist has used line, shape, color, value, space, texture, etc. 3. Interpret: what is the artist saying to thesis, me? What is happening?

The student will make inferences about the message in the work, going beyond narration. Objectives: Students will practice taking a CAPT style reading for Information test. All tenth grade students in Connecticut must pass the Connecticut Academic Proficiency Test (CAPT). One portion of this test is Reading for Information. The CAPT Reading for on smoking bans, Information test requires students to read three non-fiction articles and statemenmt, answer a combination of 12 multiple-choice and argument essay on smoking, 6 open-ended questions. There are two types of open-ended questions; Developing and experience high, Interpretation and Demonstrating a Critical Stance.

This activity will allow students to practice taking this type of test. Students will read the article “Herald on Amistad Trail” from the New York Morning Herald, November 12, 1839. http://amistad.mysticseaport.org/library/news/nymh/1839.11.21.heraldontrial.html. It is an essay bans account of the proceedings in court. Students will then use this article for a Reading for Information style test. See Activity Sheet 3. Students receive one point for each multiple-choice question and 0-2 points for each open-ended question, for a total of medical essay ten possible points. “Herald on Amistad Trail” Developing an Interpretation. 1. According to the article, the court proceedings for argument on smoking, the day were: a. Essay Dream! about the location of the schooner b. Argument Essay! about the language of the captives. Thesis Statemenmt! c. about the amount of money recovered. 2. The author of this article uses the word “libel” to mean: a. false accusation b. claim c. Argument On Smoking Bans! custody d. cargo. Demonstrating a Critical Stance. 3. Why did the author include the doctoral dissertation quote from Roger Sherman Baldwin, “If they are not found to be property, they must be immediately discharged, as it is not pretended that they are criminals.” a. Because the essay bans court proceedings were about the essay informational murder and mutiny. b. Because the court proceedings were about whether the captives were free men that were kidnapped. c. Because the court proceedings were about where the essay captors were from. d. Because the court proceedings were about should marijuana/cannabis essay, whether the essay on smoking bans abolitionists should help the essay school captives.

4. Why did the author include the quote “Green was blessed with a very convenient memory”. a. Because Green testified that Bannah spoke Spanish. b. Essay On Smoking! Because Green testified that there was more money than really was there. c. Because Green testified that the boat was three hundred yard from shore. d. Because Green testified that Antonio gave Bannah more money than he admitted. Developing an Interpretation. 5. What does the author mean, “We shall have some rare disclosures from this fellow, if the abolitionists do not get the opportunity to tamper with him.”? Demonstrating a Critical Stance. 6. Why does the author call Green, “unworthy of credit.” Objectives: Students will synthesize and analyze the various memorials to the Amistad captives. Walking Tour of essay experience school Amistad Sites.

These sites are all located on or around the New Haven Green. Objective: Students will synthesize and apply their knowledge of the sites of interest in the Amistad case. Materials needed -- Laminated copy of Doolittle Map, dry erase markers. Students will use the argument essay on smoking Doolittle Map as a starting point to find the places of interest to this case. Thesis! The map will be laminated so that the students can mark over it and the map can be wiped clean after the activity. Essay! The following questions address the major dimensions considered in CAPT test scoring for the literature section of the test. ____ 1. Forming an initial understanding ____ 2. Developing an interpretation ____ 3. Making a connection ____ 4. Demonstrating a critical stance. 1. Describe the main character of the movie. 2. Describe the setting. 3. What is the Theme (main point or message) of the movie? 4. What symbols are used in this movie?

5. What is the main conflict in this movie? 6. How does the main character change from the beginning of the statemenmt story to argument, the end? What do you think causes this change? 7. Discuss your connection to the story. What does this story say about people in general? In what ways does it remind you of tense people you have known or experiences you have had? Use specific examples from the movie to argument essay on smoking bans, explain your thinking. 8. Imagine yourself as a juror.

Who would you believe before the testimony? 9. Chose one of the following quotes to discuss: 10. Discuss the relationship between Roger Sherman Baldwin and Cinque. How did it change throughout the film? Objectives: Students will understand how the differences in time and attitude have changed how the Amistad case has been commemorated.

Students should read excerpts from Fred Wilson’s Mining the Museum. The teacher will lead discussion of the following: How were the Africans portrayed at essay informational, the time of the trials? (1839 to 1850s) (Wax figures, silhouettes, on display, portrait of Cinque), how were the Africans commemorated in the 1930s? (WPA mural showing the Africans performing on argument on smoking bans the New Haven Green), how are they commemorated now? (1989 to essay high school, the present) (Amistad Memorial, Grove Street Cemetery Memorial, Cinque Lives Here, Amistad movie by Steven Spielberg) Students should reflect on this discussion in their journals. Collaborative mural, using collage, names of the captives, and maps. Materials for Activity: Rolls of brown craft paper, black construction paper, examples of essay heddle loom weavings, copies of the silhouettes of captives and their names and descriptions, white drawing paper, tempera paint, scissors, glue, map of Cuba, United States, Africa. Each student will be given the name of one or two of the captives, a copy of the silhouettes and the written descriptions from the Journal of the statemenmt New Haven Colony Historical Society. These should be glued into the student’s journal. By reading the argument on smoking bans description of the Africans, the i write my essay in present students should establish empathy for the Africans as individuals. Students should make a larger version of the silhouette on black paper.

The African’s name will be written under each silhouette. Three students should be assigned the maps to recreate, one of Africa, the United States, and bans, Cuba. The route of the essay high ships, The Tecora, The Amistad , and The Gentleman should be indicated on the maps. Two long sheets of brown craft paper can be used for the background. The silhouettes, names, and maps should be glued onto the background. Students can work together to create a title for the mural. As a border for the whole piece, students should recreate, with paint, examples of double heddle-loom weavings.

These weavings are traditional to on smoking bans, the people of Sierra Leone. Thesis Statemenmt! These colorful painted strips can be glued around the outside edge of the mural. Students can also be assigned to write the argument essay bans caption for the mural. “The Amistad Memorial”, the Amistad Committee, Inc. Pamphlet describing the memorial and the artist, Ed Hamilton. The Africans in dream hughes America, http://amistad.mysticseaport.org/discovery/story/africans.america.html.

Article that tells of the many visual images of the bans Africans and the public displays in 1839 and essay dream deferred langston hughes, 1840. Bayless, D. Hayne. Bans! “From Leg Irons to Cast Bronze: Narrative Sculpture tell Slave’s Story”, 20 September 1992, New Haven Register D1. Medical Marijuana/cannabis! Interview with the sculptor and bans, designer of the Amistad Memorial, Ed Hamilton. Beach, Randall. “Amistad Returns from Yearlong Voyage: Homecoming, Schooner’s Story Still Inspirational”, 22 June 2005, New Haven Register A1, A4. Description of the schooners return to New Haven and give excellent rationale for the continued study of the Amistad story. Cashman, Dennis. Should My Essay! “Amistad Revisited”, 17 August 1997, New Haven Register F1. Interview with author David Pesci about his novel Amistad, and information about an argument on smoking bans exhibit at statemenmt, the Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, “Amistad: The First Decade and Beyond.”

Harris, Jennifer. Textiles: 5000 years, An International History and Illustrated Survey . Argument Essay Bans! New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Publisher, 1993. Shows examples of double heddle loom weavings from Sierra Leone. Thesis Statemenmt! Jones, Howard. Mutiny on the Amistad, The Saga of a Slave Revolt and Its Impact on American Abolition, Law, and Diplomacy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987. Journal of the New Haven Colony Historical Society, Volume 36, No. 2, Spring 1990.

New Haven Colony Historical Society. A concise and comprehensive account of the Amistad case. Includes silhouettes and descriptions of the Africans. Kramer, Harold R. Farmington Canal Linear Park Page, http://www.wj1b.com/Pages%cheshire/linear.park.htm. Short description of places in Farmington associated with the Africans. McCain, Diana R. Free Men: The Amistad Revolt and the American Anti-Slavery Movement. Argument Essay Bans! New Haven Colony Historical Society, 1990. A short guide to the Amistad case including many visuals.

Stein, Judith E. “Sins of Omission: Fred Wilson’s Mining the Museum”, Art in America, October 1993. A synopsis of article written about Mining the Museum (Fred Wilson’s curated exhibit at the Maryland Historical Society of Boston) for statemenmt, Art in America . Thompson, Barbara. Fred Wilson, So Much Trouble in the World Believe it or Not http://hoodmuseum.dartmouth.edu/exhibitions/fred/wilson/fredwilsonpressr.html. Argument Essay! Interview with Fred Wilson prior to his exhibit at Dartmouth College’s Hood Museum. The U.S.

Navy and the Amistad, March 31,1998 http://www.history.navy.lil/faqs55-1.htm. Facts of the U.S. Navy’s role in the Amistad case. Facts of the first trial against the Africans as it pertains to the United States treaty with Spain. Medical Marijuana/cannabis Be Legalized! Examples of double heddle loom weaving.

Photographs of some of the important Amistad sites in New Haven. Feelings, Tom. The Middle Passage, White Ships, Black Cargo . New York: Dual Books, 1995. An emotionally moving illustrated book with an introduction by Dr. Henrik Clarke. “Herald on Amistad Trial,” New York Morning Herald, 21 Nov., 1839. One of the many articles reporting on the Amistad captives and the trial. Argument Essay On Smoking! Linder, Douglas, O. Should Marijuana/cannabis Essay! 2000 http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/amistad/AMI_ACT.HTM. Timeline: The Amistad Revolt, http://amistad.mysticseaport.org/timeline/amistad.html. Useful list of all of the events of the essay on smoking Amistad Case.

Africans in Chains. John Warner Barber, 1840, New Haven Museum and thesis statemenmt, Historical Society. Original art depicting the captives. Photograph of “The Amistad Captives”, Hugo Ohlms 1930 WPA Mural, Troup Academy, New Haven, at the New Haven Museum and Historical Society. Photos of the essay mural by Hugo Ohlms. Informational! The mural shows a scene of the Africans performing on the New Haven Green. Amistad Movie, Spielberg, S. (Director). Argument Bans! (May 4, 1999) Amistad [Motion Picture] Dreamworks Video. Academy award nominated movie chronicling the Amistad captives and their fight for freedom. Cinque.

Oil on canvas by should Nathaniel Jocelyn (1796-1881). New Haven, c.1840. New Haven Museum and argument essay on smoking bans, Historical Society. Oil portrait of dissertation program announcement Cinque in a heroic pose. Doolittle Map, 1824.

Shows the original nine squares of the argument bans New Haven Green and surrounding area. Eastern View of New Haven Green. John Warner Barber, woodcut, 1840, New Haven Museum and Historical Society. View of the New Haven Green. Interior of a Slave Ship from John Warner Barber’s A History of the Amistad Captives 1840.

New Haven Museum and Historical Society. Depiction of the hold of a slave ship showing captives in a space three feet high. La Amistad. Watercolor on paper by statemenmt an unknown artist. Connecticut after 1839. New Haven after 1839. New Haven Museum and Historical Society.

Painting of the schooner. Mutiny on the Amistad. On Smoking Bans! Hale woodruff, oil on canvas, c. 1941, New Haven Museum and Historical Society. Scene of the mutiny. Newspaper advertisement for should my essay tense, the “New Haven Museum”, New Haven Palladium, 1841, New Haven Museum and Historical Society. Copy of actual newspaper article. Essay On Smoking Bans! Newspaper article from the Daily Herald, September 16, 1839, written by Josiah Gibbs, New Haven Museum and Historical Society.

Copy of actual newspaper article. The Voyage of the Amistad Captives. John O.C. McCrillis, 1989, New Haven Museum and Historical Society. Map showing the route of the captives, Africa, Cuba, and North America. Should Marijuana/cannabis! The following standards will be implemented in the activities described in argument on smoking bans this unit. New Haven Public Schools Power Standards for the Visual Arts. Dissertation Announcement! 1. Communicate in art media, techniques, and processes. (Art Making) 2. Reflect upon, decide, analyze, interpret and essay on smoking, evaluate one’s artwork and that of doctoral dissertation program others. Essay Bans! (Response to school, Art)

The following standard will be addressed with activities at the New Haven Museum. On Smoking Bans! 3. Making connections between the visual arts, other disciplines, and daily life.

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far cotr resume This subpart provides policies and establishes responsibilities for recording and essay maintaining contractor performance information. This subpart does not apply to procedures used by agencies in determining fees under award or incentive fee contracts. See subpart 16.4. However, the fee amount paid to contractors should be reflective of the doctoral dissertation program, contractor’s performance and the past performance evaluation should closely parallel and be consistent with the fee determinations. (a) Past performance information (including the ratings and argument essay on smoking supporting narratives) is program, relevant information, for future source selection purposes, regarding a contractor’s actions under previously awarded contracts or orders. Argument Essay! It includes, for thesis statemenmt, example, the contractor’s record of (1) Conforming to requirements and to argument standards of good workmanship; (2) Forecasting and controlling costs; (3) Adherence to schedules, including the administrative aspects of performance; (4) Reasonable and cooperative behavior and commitment to customer satisfaction; (5) Reporting into databases (see subpart 4.14, and reporting requirements in the solicitation provisions and clauses referenced in 9.104-7); (6) Integrity and should i write my essay tense business ethics; and. (7) Business-like concern for the interest of the customer.

(b) Agencies shall monitor their compliance with the past performance evaluation requirements (see 42.1502), and use the Contractor Performance Assessment Reporting System (CPARS) and Past Performance Information Retrieval System (PPIRS) metric tools to measure the essay on smoking bans, quality and timely reporting of past performance information. (a) General. Past performance evaluations shall be prepared at dissertation announcement, least annually and at the time the argument essay on smoking, work under a contract or order is completed. Past performance evaluations are required for contracts and orders as specified in paragraphs (b) through (f) of this section, including contracts and orders performed outside the United States. Dissertation Program Announcement! These evaluations are generally for the entity, division, or unit that performed the essay, contract or order. Past performance information shall be entered into CPARS, the Governmentwide evaluation reporting tool for all past performance reports on contracts and informational orders. Instructions for submitting evaluations into CPARS are available at http://www.cpars.gov/. (b) Contracts.

Except as provided in paragraphs (e), (f), and (h) of this section, agencies shall prepare evaluations of contractor performance for each contract (as defined in argument on smoking bans FAR part 2) that exceeds the simplified acquisition threshold and for each order that exceeds the simplified acquisition threshold. Agencies are required to prepare an evaluation if a modification to should marijuana/cannabis be legalized the contract causes the dollar amount to exceed the simplified acquisition threshold. (c) Orders under multiple-agency contracts. Essay On Smoking Bans! Agencies shall prepare an evaluation of contractor performance for each order that exceeds the simplified acquisition threshold that is placed under a Federal Supply Schedule contract or placed under a task-order contract or a delivery-order contract awarded by essay deferred hughes another agency (i.e., Governmentwide acquisition contract or multi-agency contract). Agencies placing orders under their own multiple-agency contract shall also prepare evaluations for argument, their own orders.

This evaluation shall not consider the requirements under paragraph (g) of this section. Agencies are required to prepare an evaluation if a modification to the order causes the dollar amount to exceed the simplified acquisition threshold. (d) Orders under single-agency contracts. Should Medical Marijuana/cannabis Be Legalized Essay! For single-agency task-order and delivery-order contracts, the contracting officer may require performance evaluations for each order in excess of the simplified acquisition threshold when such evaluations would produce more useful past performance information for source selection officials than that contained in bans the overall contract evaluation (e.g., when the scope of the basic contract is deferred langston, very broad and argument essay on smoking the nature of individual orders could be significantly different). This evaluation need not consider the requirements under paragraph (g) of experience high, this section unless the contracting officer deems it appropriate. (e) Past performance evaluations shall be prepared for each construction contract of argument essay bans, $700,000 or more, and for each construction contract terminated for default regardless of contract value. Past performance evaluations may also be prepared for should my essay tense, construction contracts below $700,000. (f) Past performance evaluations shall be prepared for each architect-engineer services contract of $35,000 or more, and for each architect-engineer services contract that is terminated for default regardless of contract value. On Smoking! Past performance evaluations may also be prepared for architect-engineer services contracts below $35,000. (g) Past performance evaluations shall include an assessment of the contractor’s (1) Performance against, and efforts to achieve, the goals identified in the small business subcontracting plan when the thesis statemenmt, contract includes the clause at 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan; and. (2) Reduced or untimely payments (as defined in essay on smoking bans 19.701), made to should i write small business subcontractors, determined by essay the contracting officer to informational be unjustified.

The contracting officer shall (i) Consider and evaluate a contractor’s written explanation for a reduced or an untimely payment when determining whether the argument essay on smoking bans, reduced or untimely payment is should i write in present tense, justified; and. (ii) Determine that a history of unjustified reduced or untimely payments has occurred when the argument on smoking bans, contractor has reported three or more occasions of unjustified reduced or untimely payments under a single contract within a 12-month period (see 42.1503(h)(1)(vi) and the evaluation ratings in Table 42-2). The following payment or nonpayment situations are not considered to school be unjustified: (A) There is a contract dispute on performance. (B) A partial payment is argument essay, made for amounts not in dispute. (C) A payment is dream, reduced due to past overpayments.

(D) There is an administrative mistake. (E) Late performance by the subcontractor leads to later payment by the prime contractor. (h) Agencies shall not evaluate performance for contracts awarded under subpart 8.7. (i) Agencies shall promptly report other contractor information in accordance with 42.1503(h). (j) Past performance evaluations shall include an assessment of contractor’s labor violation information when the argument essay on smoking, contract includes the dream deferred langston hughes, clause at 52.222-59, Compliance with Labor Laws (Executive Order 13673). Using information available to a contracting officer, past performance evaluations shall consider (1) A contractor’s relevant labor law violation information, e.g. , timely implementation of remedial measures and compliance with those remedial measures (including related labor compliance agreement(s)); and. (2) The extent to which the essay on smoking bans, prime contractor addressed labor law violations by its subcontractors. Note to paragraph (j): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, this paragraph (j) is enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the essay informational, order. Argument Essay! The enjoined paragraph will become effective immediately if the court terminates the injunction.

At that time, GSA, DoD and NASA will publish a document in the Federal Register advising the should medical marijuana/cannabis, public of the termination of the injunction. (a)(1) Agencies shall assign responsibility and management accountability for the completeness of past performance submissions. Argument Essay Bans! Agency procedures for the past performance evaluation system shall (i) Generally provide for input to the evaluations from the technical office, contracting office, program management office, agency labor compliance advisor (ALCA) office (see subpart 22.20), and, where appropriate, quality assurance and end users of the product or service; Note to paragraph (a)(1)(i): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, the words “agency labor compliance advisor (ALCA) office (see subpart 22.20)” in this paragraph (a)(1)(i) are enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the essay dream deferred langston hughes, order. The enjoined words will become effective immediately if the argument on smoking, court terminates the injunction. Essay! At that time, GSA, DoD and NASA will publish a document in the Federal Register advising the public of the argument on smoking, termination of the injunction. (ii) Identify and essay assign past performance evaluation roles and responsibilities to those individuals responsible for preparing and reviewing interim evaluations, if prepared, and final evaluations (e.g., contracting officers, contracting officer representatives, project managers, and program managers).

Those individuals identified may obtain information for the evaluation of performance from the program office, administrative contracting office, audit office, end users of the on smoking, product or service, ALCA, and essay dream hughes any other technical or business advisor, as appropriate; and. Note to bans paragraph (a)(1)(ii): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, the word “ALCA” in this paragraph (a)(1)(ii) are enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the order. The enjoined words will become effective immediately if the essay deferred langston hughes, court terminates the argument essay on smoking bans, injunction. At that time, GSA, DoD and NASA will publish a document in doctoral program announcement the Federal Register advising the argument essay on smoking, public of the termination of the injunction. (iii) Address management controls and appropriate management reviews of past performance evaluations, to include accountability for documenting past performance on PPIRS. (2) If agency procedures do not specify the individuals responsible for past performance evaluation duties, the contracting officer is essay experience high school, responsible for this function. (3) Interim evaluations may be prepared as required, in accordance with agency procedures. (b)(1) The evaluation should include a clear, non-technical description of the argument bans, principal purpose of the contract or order.

The evaluation should reflect how the contractor performed. The evaluation should include clear relevant information that accurately depicts the statemenmt, contractor’s performance, and be based on objective facts supported by program and contract or order performance data. Argument Essay Bans! The evaluations should be tailored to the contract type, size, content, and informational complexity of the argument bans, contractual requirements. (2) Evaluation factors for should my essay, each assessment shall include, at a minimum, the following: (i) Technical (quality of product or service). (ii) Cost control (not applicable for firm-fixed-price or fixed-price with economic price adjustment arrangements). (iv) Management or business relations. (v) Small business subcontracting, including reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors when 19.702(a) requires a subcontracting plan (as applicable, see Table 42-2). (vi) Other (as applicable) ( e.g ., trafficking violations, tax delinquency, failure to report in accordance with contract terms and conditions, defective cost or pricing data, terminations, suspension and argument essay on smoking debarments). (3) Evaluation factors may include subfactors. (4) Each factor and subfactor used shall be evaluated and a supporting narrative provided.

Each evaluation factor, as listed in paragraph (b)(2) of this section, shall be rated in accordance with a five scale rating system (i.e., exceptional, very good, satisfactory, marginal, and doctoral program unsatisfactory). Argument On Smoking! The ratings and narratives must reflect the definitions in the tables 42-1 or 42-2 of experience, this section. (c)(1) When the contract provides for incentive fees, the on smoking, incentive-fee contract performance evaluation shall be entered into CPARS. (2) When the contract provides for award fee, the thesis statemenmt, award fee-contract performance adjectival rating as described in 16.401(e)(3) shall be entered into CPARS. (d) Agency evaluations of contractor performance, including both negative and positive evaluations, prepared under this subpart shall be provided to the contractor as soon as practicable after completion of the evaluation.

The contractor will receive a CPARS-system generated notification when an evaluation is ready for comment. Contractors shall be afforded up to argument on smoking 14 calendar days from the date of notification of school, availability of the past performance evaluation to argument essay submit comments, rebutting statements, or additional information. Agencies shall provide for review at a level above the contracting officer to consider disagreements between the parties regarding the essay experience, evaluation. The ultimate conclusion on the performance evaluation is a decision of the contracting agency. Copies of the evaluation, contractor response, and review comments, if any, shall be retained as part of the evaluation.

These evaluations may be used to support future award decisions, and argument essay on smoking bans should therefore be marked “Source Selection Information”. Informational! Evaluation of Federal Prison Industries (FPI) performance may be used to support a waiver request (see 8.604) when FPI is a mandatory source in accordance with subpart 8.6. Argument On Smoking Bans! The completed evaluation shall not be released to other than Government personnel and the contractor whose performance is being evaluated during the period the medical marijuana/cannabis essay, information may be used to provide source selection information. Argument Essay On Smoking! Disclosure of such information could cause harm both to the commercial interest of the marijuana/cannabis be legalized essay, Government and to the competitive position of the contractor being evaluated as well as impede the argument, efficiency of Government operations. Evaluations used in determining award or incentive fee payments may also be used to i write my essay tense satisfy the requirements of this subpart. A copy of the annual or final past performance evaluation shall be provided to the contractor as soon as it is finalized. (e) Agencies shall require frequent evaluation (e.g., monthly, quarterly) of agency compliance with the on smoking bans, reporting requirements in 42.1502, so agencies can readily identify delinquent past performance reports and monitor their reports for quality control. (f) Agencies shall prepare and submit all past performance evaluations electronically in the CPARS at http://www.cpars.gov/. These evaluations, including any contractor-submitted information (with indication whether agency review is pending), are automatically transmitted to essay experience high school PPIRS at http://www.ppirs.gov. not later than 14 days after the argument essay on smoking, date on which the contractor is notified of the evaluation’s availability for comment. The Government shall update PPIRS with any contractor comments provided after 14 days, as well as any subsequent agency review of thesis, comments received. Past performance evaluations for classified contracts and argument on smoking bans special access programs shall not be reported in CPARS, but will be reported as stated in this subpart and in accordance with agency procedures.

Agencies shall ensure that appropriate management and technical controls are in place to ensure that only authorized personnel have access to the data and the information safeguarded in accordance with 42.1503(d). (g) Agencies shall use the past performance information in PPIRS that is thesis statemenmt, within three years (six for construction and architect-engineer contracts) of the completion of argument essay on smoking bans, performance of the evaluated contract or order, and essay information contained in the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System (FAPIIS), e.g., terminations for default or cause. (h) Other contractor performance information. (1) Agencies shall ensure information is accurately reported in the FAPIIS module of CPARS within 3 calendar days after a contracting officer (i) Issues a final determination that a contractor has submitted defective cost or pricing data; (ii) Makes a subsequent change to the final determination concerning defective cost or pricing data pursuant to 15.407-1(d); (iii) Issues a final termination for cause or default notice; (iv) Makes a subsequent withdrawal or a conversion of a termination for default to a termination for convenience; (v) Receives a final determination after an administrative proceeding, in accordance with 22.1704(d)(1), that substantiates an argument bans, allegation of a violation of the trafficking in should i write my essay tense persons prohibitions in 22.1703(a) and 52.222-50(b); or. (vi) Determines that a contractor has a history of argument, three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors under a single contract within a 12-month period (see 42.1502(g)(2)). (2) The information to be posted in accordance with this paragraph (h) is information relating to contractor performance, but does not constitute a “past performance review,” which would be exempted from public availability in accordance with section 3010 of the deferred, Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2010 (Pub. L. 111-212). Therefore, all such information posted in FAPIIS will be publicly available, unless covered by a disclosure exemption under the Freedom of Information Act (see 9.105-2(b)(2)). (3) Agencies shall establish CPARS focal points who will register users to report data into the FAPIIS module of CPARS (available at http://www.cpars.gov/, then select FAPIIS).

(4) With regard to information that may be covered by a disclosure exemption under the argument essay bans, Freedom of should, Information Act, the argument, contracting officer shall follow the procedures at 9.105-2(b)(2)(iv). (5) References to thesis statemenmt entries by argument bans the Government into FAPIIS that are not performance information . For other entries into FAPIIS by the contracting officer see 9.105-2(b)(2) for documentation of a nonresponsibility determination. See 22.2004-1(c)(6) for should marijuana/cannabis be legalized essay, documentation by the ALCA of a labor compliance agreement. See 9.406-3(f)(1) and argument essay on smoking bans 9.407-3(e) for entry by medical marijuana/cannabis a suspending or debarring official of information regarding an administrative agreement. Note to paragraph (h)(5): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, this paragraph (h)(5) is enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the order. Argument Essay Bans! The enjoined paragraph will become effective immediately if the court terminates the injunction. At that time, GSA, DoD and NASA will publish a document in langston hughes the Federal Register advising the public of the termination of the injunction. Performance meets contractual requirements and exceeds many to the Government’s benefit. The contractual performance of the argument essay, element or sub-element being evaluated was accomplished with few minor problems for which corrective actions taken by the contractor were highly effective. To justify an Exceptional rating, identify multiple significant events and marijuana/cannabis be legalized essay state how they were of on smoking bans, benefit to the Government.

A singular benefit, however, could be of such magnitude that it alone constitutes an Exceptional rating. Also, there should have been NO significant weaknesses identified. Performance meets contractual requirements and thesis statemenmt exceeds some to argument bans the Government’s benefit. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element being evaluated was accomplished with some minor problems for which corrective actions taken by the contractor were effective. To justify a Very Good rating, identify a significant event and state how it was a benefit to the Government. There should have been no significant weaknesses identified. Performance meets contractual requirements. Thesis Statemenmt! The contractual performance of the element or sub-element contains some minor problems for which corrective actions taken by bans the contractor appear or were satisfactory. To justify a Satisfactory rating, there should have been only minor problems, or major problems the contractor recovered from without impact to the contract/order.

There should have been NO significant weaknesses identified. A fundamental principle of assigning ratings is that contractors will not be evaluated with a rating lower than Satisfactory solely for not performing beyond the requirements of the contract/order. Performance does not meet some contractual requirements. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element being evaluated reflects a serious problem for which the contractor has not yet identified corrective actions. Thesis! The contractor’s proposed actions appear only marginally effective or were not fully implemented. To justify Marginal performance, identify a significant event in each category that the contractor had trouble overcoming and state how it impacted the Government. A Marginal rating should be supported by referencing the management tool that notified the contractor of the contractual deficiency (e.g., management, quality, safety, or environmental deficiency report or letter). Performance does not meet most contractual requirements and recovery is not likely in a timely manner. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element contains a serious problem(s) for which the contractor’s corrective actions appear or were ineffective.

To justify an Unsatisfactory rating, identify multiple significant events in each category that the contractor had trouble overcoming and on smoking bans state how it impacted the Government. A singular problem, however, could be of such serious magnitude that it alone constitutes an unsatisfactory rating. An Unsatisfactory rating should be supported by dissertation referencing the management tools used to notify the contractor of the contractual deficiencies (e.g., management, quality, safety, or environmental deficiency reports, or letters). NOTE 1: Plus or minus signs may be used to argument essay indicate an improving (+) or worsening (-) trend insufficient to change the evaluation status. NOTE 2: N/A (not applicable) should be used if the ratings are not going to be applied to a particular area for evaluation.

Exceeded all statutory goals or goals as negotiated. Had exceptional success with initiatives to assist, promote, and utilize small business (SB), small disadvantaged business (SDB), women-owned small business (WOSB), HUBZone small business, veteran-owned small business (VOSB) and service disabled veteran owned small business (SDVOSB). Complied with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns. Statemenmt! Exceeded any other small business participation requirements incorporated in the contract/order, including the use of small businesses in mission critical aspects of the argument bans, program. Went above and doctoral beyond the required elements of the subcontracting plan and other small business requirements of the essay, contract/order. Completed and submitted Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in an accurate and timely manner. Did not have a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors within a 12-month period. To justify an Exceptional rating, identify multiple significant events and medical be legalized essay state how they were a benefit to small business utilization. A singular benefit, however, could be of essay on smoking, such magnitude that it constitutes an Exceptional rating. Small businesses should be given meaningful and innovative work directly related to the contract, and opportunities should not be limited to indirect work such as cleaning offices, supplies, landscaping, etc. Also, there should have been no significant weaknesses identified.

Met all of the experience high school, statutory goals or goals as negotiated. Had significant success with initiatives to essay bans assist, promote and utilize SB, SDB, WOSB, HUBZone, VOSB, and SDVOSB. Complied with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns. Met or exceeded any other small business participation requirements incorporated in i write tense the contract/order, including the use of small businesses in mission critical aspects of the program. Argument On Smoking! Endeavored to go above and beyond the experience, required elements of the subcontracting plan. Completed and submitted Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in an accurate and essay timely manner. High School! Did not have a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors within a 12-month period.

To justify a Very Good rating, identify a significant event and state how it was a benefit to small business utilization. Small businesses should be given meaningful and essay on smoking innovative opportunities to participate as subcontractors for work directly related to the contract, and opportunities should not be limited to indirect work such as cleaning offices, supplies, landscaping, etc. There should be no significant weaknesses identified. Demonstrated a good faith effort to meet all of the negotiated subcontracting goals in the various socio-economic categories for the current period. Complied with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns.

Met any other small business participation requirements included in the contract/order. Fulfilled the requirements of the subcontracting plan included in the contract/order. Completed and dream deferred hughes submitted Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in an accurate and timely manner. Argument Essay On Smoking! Did not have a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors within a 12-month period. To justify a Satisfactory rating, there should have been only minor problems, or major problems the contractor has addressed or taken corrective action. There should have been no significant weaknesses identified. A fundamental principle of assigning ratings is that contractors will not be assessed a rating lower than Satisfactory solely for not performing beyond the requirements of the contract/order. Deficient in meeting key subcontracting plan elements. Deficient in complying with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns, and any other small business participation requirements in the contract/order. Essay Dream Deferred Langston Hughes! Did not submit Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in an accurate or timely manner. Failed to argument on smoking bans satisfy one or more requirements of a corrective action plan currently in doctoral dissertation place; however, does show an interest in bringing performance to a satisfactory level and has demonstrated a commitment to apply the necessary resources to argument do so.

Required a corrective action plan. High School! Did not have a history of essay, three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors within a 12-month period. To justify a Marginal rating, identify a significant event that the contractor had trouble overcoming and how it impacted small business utilization. High School! A Marginal rating should be supported by referencing the actions taken by the Government that notified the contractor of the argument bans, contractual deficiency. Noncompliant with FAR 52.219-8 and 52.219-9, and any other small business participation requirements in the contract/order. Did not submit Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in doctoral dissertation program an accurate or timely manner. Showed little interest in bringing performance to a satisfactory level or is generally uncooperative.

Required a corrective action plan. Had a history of argument bans, three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors within a 12-month period. To justify an Unsatisfactory rating, identify multiple significant events that the contractor had trouble overcoming and state how it impacted small business utilization. A singular problem, however, could be of such serious magnitude that it alone constitutes an Unsatisfactory rating. Dream Deferred Langston Hughes! An Unsatisfactory rating should be supported by referencing the actions taken by the Government to argument essay on smoking bans notify the contractor of the doctoral dissertation program, deficiencies. On Smoking Bans! When an Unsatisfactory rating is justified, the contracting officer must consider whether the essay, contractor made a good faith effort to comply with the requirements of the subcontracting plan required by FAR 52.219-9 and follow the procedures outlined in 52.219-16, Liquidated Damages-Subcontracting Plan.

NOTE 1: Plus or minus signs may be used to indicate an argument, improving (+) or worsening (-) trend insufficient to change evaluation status. NOTE 2: Generally, zero percent is statemenmt, not a goal unless the contracting officer determined when negotiating the subcontracting plan that no subcontracting opportunities exist in a particular socio-economic category. In such cases, the contractor shall be considered to have met the goal for any socio-economic category where the goal negotiated in the plan was zero. Insert the clause at 52.242-5, Payments to argument Small Business Subcontractors, in all solicitations and contracts containing the clause at 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan.

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Download a Resume Template That Employers Will Love. Are your Resume and on smoking online job search profiles not yielding you the results you need to find gainful employment and finally afford to pay your bills? No doubt about it; it’s tougher to find a job now than it’s been in should tense decades. That doesn’t mean, however, that you can’t give yourself every fighting chance of snagging the next available job. While there is plenty to be said for effective interviewee skills, the argument on smoking, absolute most important step for be legalized, getting hired is on smoking writing a winning Curriculum Vitae.

Without a highly attractive C.V, you’re just one of dozens or more applicants that begin to essay, blend together after a while. You want your most relevant skills and experience to jump off the page and grab the attention of the person responsible for reviewing the group of CVs in which yours is stacked or filed online. Direct access to resume templates advices. 1. Choose your favorite Curriculum Vitae. 2. Download selected resumes on argument on smoking bans your desktop. No front page content has been created yet. How To Write a Winning Curriculum Vitae. Understand What Makes a Great Resume. Many job applicants are under a misconception that a great Curriculum Vitae means fluffing up terms, adding lots of doctoral announcement, jobs and experience, listing as many skills as possible, and engaging in other overkill tactics. Excessive and irrelevant information only clutters the page and makes it more difficult to find the argument essay on smoking, skills and information for which your prospective employer is searching.

The best resumes are those that are concise and specific to the job being sought. Essay. As such, a separate resume should be used for each job if the required skills, education, and experience are different. At the end of this article, we will review a few time saving tips building each specific Curriculum Vitae. First, though, let’s take a look at how to write a winning CV. Review All Job Description Material and essay on smoking More (If Necessary) While some employers seem to be in essay high the habit of posting as little information as possible, others provide a great deal of valuable information relevant to not only the skills, experience, and education of a desired employee, but also the argument bans, description, expectations, and demands of the job itself. Should Marijuana/cannabis Be Legalized Essay. Acquire as much information as you can about the position. If the employer provided you with pages and pages of descriptions, read them before building your resume. If the employer posted minimal information about the job, you may find information by essay on smoking reviewing the website or even calling and asking for details.

The more you know about your prospective employers, the more power you have to show them a picture-perfect employee on paper. If you read terms you don’t really understand, see requirements for be legalized essay, education levels you haven’t reached, or find any other indication that you’re not a good candidate for the job; don’t waste your time applying. Also, understand that it may be very difficult to find a job that matches your education or the bulk of your experience. You may have to begin at an entry level position in a company that seeks supervisory and upper management applicants from on smoking bans, within. If this is the case, be extremely careful about essay divulging the extent of your education, experience, and salary history as you may be viewed as ‘overqualified’.

However insulting or degrading it may feel, the reality is argument bans that at some point you just have to accept that options are limited and be willing to ‘dumb it down’ a bit to secure employment. Just think, though: In the informational, next few months after you’re hired, you’ll have a chance to excel beyond expectation and on smoking bans increase your odds of recognition and promotion. Use Only Relevant Terms, Skills, and Experience. If you feel the need to add more information to your curriculum vitae than what’s absolutely relevant, make sure that the thesis, most compelling details are on the first page and that it’s not crowded with words. In addition to bans, your contact information, you should have: Relevant skills, relevant experience, and relevant education. If you have multiple jobs dating back for a number of years, try to list only the most relevant jobs within the past 5-7 years on the first page and either make a note that a more extensive job history is available upon request or attach a separate sheet with a complete history in case the informational, reviewer is so inclined to read it.

Whatever you do, DO NOT let a full page of outdated and irrelevant details take away from the razzle and argument bans dazzle of the first page of your resume. Remember that your developed skills are more important than your experience. Yes, you need experience to demonstrate the should medical be legalized essay, fact that you’ve had time to hone those skills, but employers need to know the on smoking, capabilities you have that are relevant to the job for which you’re applying. The Verbiage of Your Curriculum Vitae. You want your C.V to sound professional, but it doesn’t have to high, sound like it came out argument on smoking of the Oxford Dictionary.

Remember, it’s not as though you’re writing a dissertation; you’re listing bits and should essay pieces of concise and relevant information to present a snapshot of what you have to offer. Refer to the job description and other material posted by essay on smoking bans your prospective employers. If they used industry-specific jargon, use the same jargon wherever applicable. Review their posted list of required skills and essay job duties and use it as a guide for listing all of your valid and argument essay applicable skills and thesis statemenmt job duties with previous employers. If you have additional skills or job skills than are not posted on the job description by essay on smoking your prospective employer, consider leaving them out.

If you feel you must include them somewhere, follow the same rule as job history: Keep them off the first page. Instead, attach them at the top of the page containing your extensive job history. You have 2 primary goals for your curriculum vitae: Make it easy to should medical marijuana/cannabis, read and make every word count. In order to essay on smoking, accomplish this, you need to essay dream deferred hughes, use a font of at least 10-12 and make each section of your document stand out from the next by staggering blocks of information that take up different levels of horizontal space. For example, you may place your name, physical address, phone number, and email address at the top in the center. For contrast, you would place a sentence outlining your objective; perhaps something like: To obtain consistent and on smoking long term employment with a company in which my skills and talents will be utilized and appreciated. Because that sentence will take the entire width of the page, your next sections should be small and centered. This would be a great place to list your skills.

If you place your employment in essay dream deferred the next section, that would be a great contrast to your skills. Make a table with 2 columns and a few rows (just enough for essay on smoking, your most relevant jobs). Add your title, previous employers, and their contact information in the left column and your job duties on the right. Finally, underneath your employment history, enter your education information centered on the page. Employers may or may not be interested in speaking with your personal references. If there is any reason why your prospective employers shouldn’t speak with your previous supervisors, try to statemenmt, avoid putting their contact information on your Curriculum Vitae. Argument Essay On Smoking Bans. Otherwise, there should be plenty of professional references in your format for them to review. Essay Dream Deferred. You can post a sentence on the bottom of argument essay on smoking bans, your Curriculum Vitae either inviting your potential employer to call contacts from program announcement, your employment history and/or letting him/her know that you have a list of personal references available if requested.

If you have room on the page after leaving plenty of space in between each section, increase the font size of your name. If you have adequate or advanced linguistic skills, consider writing a short cover letter (3-5 small to on smoking bans, moderate paragraphs) introducing yourself and outlining your skills, dedication, ambition, work ethic, and any other relevant piece of information that increases your appeal to an employer but may not have a proper place on essay deferred your Curriculum Vitae. Cover letters are easy to disregard if an employer isn’t interested, and they can help to set you aside from argument essay on smoking, other applicants if there is an interest in learning more about you by reading your cover letter. You can either use the outline provided in this article or you can create your own curriculum vitae outline containing your name, contact information, and essay high the basic sections you will need to fill out per application. Essay On Smoking. Save the outline and consistent information in a master file, and essay high once you’ve finished preparing a Curriculum Vitae for a job, choose ‘Save as’ and create a specific name for it. To find your Curriculum Vitae more quickly and conveniently, consider using the same name and essay on smoking bans changing only the last word. Marijuana/cannabis. For example, you may save your resume as ‘MyResumeCompany.doc’. Replace the argument on smoking, word ‘Company’ with each different place to which you submit your curriculum. How to essay, Write a Great Cover Letter. Landing a job is undoubtedly difficult in today’s economy. Writing a great cover letter is probably the most important step you can towards landing the job of argument on smoking bans, their dreams.

Why is writing a cover letter so important? It is the should i write tense, first thing a potential employer sees, and it will dictate whether or not the employer even looks at your resume. Even the most polished, professional resume doesn’t stand a chance against a poorly written cover letter. How do you write a cover letter that not only a potential employer to read your resume, but also gets you invited for an interview? Writing a winning cover letter is bans not difficult if you follow a few simple steps:

Just like an employer won’t look at a resume that’s attached to a poorly written cover letter, the employer won’t even bother to read the essay experience school, cover letter if it’s a messy jumble of text. To create a professional-looking cover letter, be sure to use plenty of white space. You should have, at a minimum, one inch margins and double spaces between paragraphs. Follow the on smoking bans, guidelines for writing a basic business letter and be sure to include a simple, text-only letterhead. Your letterhead should be the i write my essay, same letterhead that appears on your resume. This is your one and only chance to name drop, so take advantage of argument essay on smoking bans, it. Potential employers want to know how you heard about the position. You should also identify the specific position that you are seeking, and state that you are applying for high school, this position. Essay Bans. Yes, it’s obvious, but cover letters follow a long-established pattern, and informational this isn’t the time to be a rebel. Essay. Finally, set the tone for the rest of the letter, and briefly state what you will be discussing..

If you have more than a few years of experience in the field to which you are applying, your professional experience should be presented before your educational experience. First, write a topic sentence that presents one unified idea. If you’ve held several jobs in this career, find the dissertation announcement, one aspect that these jobs have in essay on smoking common that will most impress your potential employer. You also need to link this paragraph to your educational experience. Similar to your employment paragraph, you need to be legalized, develop one unified idea rather than simply presenting a list of all the schools you’ve attended and courses you’ve taken. Argument On Smoking Bans. Determine which aspect of your education is most important to the position you’re applying for and present it here.

A fourth and even fifth paragraph may be added if you need to present additional relevant information. Just remember to develop one idea per paragraph, and to essay dream langston hughes, keep the entire letter under one page. This is your opportunity to tie everything together, leading the reader to invite you to an interview. You need to reference your resume and any other included attachments. Argument Essay. In addition, you need to politely, yet confidently state that you wish to be invited to an interview. Finally, state the essay informational, easiest way for the employer to reach you, referring to the phone number and e-mail address in your letterhead.

For important documents like cover letters, you need to go beyond your computer’s spell check and grammar check. Place the cover letter aside for argument on smoking, a few hours, or overnight if possible, and look at it with fresh eyes. You might find errors that you didn’t see previously. As a final step, ask someone, who you trust will do a decent job, to proofread your cover letter. Now, you have a well-written cover letter that will hopefully lead a potential employer to read your resume and essay ultimately invite you to an interview. Argument Essay On Smoking. The rest is up to you! How to prepare for a winning job interview. In a competitive market for available jobs, potential candidates should put in the necessary time and should my essay in present tense effort to make a solid impact. You must simply accept that it’s a buyer’s market, the buyer, in this case is the organization. Your first job as the essay on smoking, seller is to should medical marijuana/cannabis essay, sell yourself. You need to argument bans, stand out from the other candidates like a house with a shiny red door in a cookie-cutter neighborhood.

Assume your resume and cover letter is in a pile on a desk with plenty of others, therefore you must find a way to rise to my essay tense, the top. You need to put yourself in a stronger position, instead of you trying to chasing the essay bans, job, make them convince you to essay deferred langston hughes, take it. Your mindset dictates the demeanor you portray. Argument On Smoking Bans. If you seem too desperate, you don’t make it to the next step, however, too arrogant and doors will close. You have to put yourself in medical marijuana/cannabis the shoes of the interviewer and determine your moves every step of the way. Spend about five hours preparing for each hour of interview, you want to investigate how you can deliver value to the organization.

By researching and probing how you can make an impact in the position, you are going beyond the canned responses of most candidates. Your resume should announce that you are qualified for the position. Argument Essay On Smoking. After the interview, you want to leave the impression that you can start the job tomorrow. You want to contact somebody who does the i write, same job at the organization or similar enterprise and ask several questions. It’s a must that you discover the current challenges for the position within the organization and argument essay the industry as a whole. The next step is succeed where so many candidates fall short, you want to show initiative by suggesting ideas for informational, the position. Hiring managers have so many job functions to perform, by proving that you not only did research concerning the position, but proposed suggestions, you show tremendous potential. You would be surprised how those that have been performing the job for years have not expressed such aptitude. Be prepared to go beyond lip service, you want to demonstrate the homework you have done.

Reaching out to a current employee performing the same job function puts you over the top. Don’t be shy or feel like you are intruding. Many employees have innovative ideas about essay on smoking how to perform their jobs better, tap into that information for free and then add your own spin. Use the power of imagination to stand out from the crowd, everybody else is essay dream hughes going to be following the same job interview tips that get recycled over the web. If you want to make a lasting impression, you must put in the sweat and effort. Essay On Smoking Bans. Find someone who you can practice with until it comes out program announcement natural. Landing an offer in argument essay on smoking a tough economy requires considerable effort. If you can demonstrate you can make an impact in your interview, your name will rise to doctoral program announcement, the top of the argument, pack.

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