Creative writing undergraduate uk
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CACI NSS - Sr. Security Engineer/PenTester Resume Example. Networking TCP/IP, Ethernet, IPSEC, DES/3DES, SSH, OSPF, IPtables, Kerberos, NAT, Radius Protocol, Assymetrical PKI, Certifcate Authorities, Layer 2 (Arping, Arp Watching, Port Stealing), Layer 3 (Pf, Fragtest, traceroute, Sing, LFT, Etrace, Firewalk), Layer 4 (TCP fragroute), OWASP, BGP, EIGRP Security Tools Nmap, Retina Security Scanner, Superscan, Basic Analysis and Security Engine (BASE), SGUIL, SSA Ticketing System (CAPRS), Tenable Network Security Ticketing System (Mantis), Track-it, Nessus, Enterasys Dragon IDS, ArcSight ESM Logger/Console, Keystroke Logger, Encase, Forensic Toolkit, Backtrack/Auditor Security Auditing Tools, Handy PRO, Maltego, Airodump, Airmon-ng, shodan, CISCO FireSight, and creative undergraduate uk, CISCO AMP, Burp Suite Network Kismet, netcat, netcraft, hping, windump/tcpdump, netstat, WireShark/Ethereal. CACI NSS – Reston, Virginia , United States. Critical For Political. Performed automated and manual interception of creative writing undergraduate uk traffic using Burp Suite at the MARK Center – Pentagon. Injecting SQL injections trying to see if it reveals any internal information. Looking at the payload of the traffic and trying to use error SQL injection attack, and cross site scripting attack to a small business reveal information about the creative writing undergraduate system. Algorithms Phd Thesis. Simulated the response/attack on the Client to respond back to the local loopback address of the creative uk machine.
Collected and gathered indicators that might have a potential for threats. · Double checked making sure the alerts were true positive by checking the CISCO FireSight, and CISCO AMP endpoint Signature based – where the infection was originated and what process did it ran. · Made recommendation to resume writing canberra tune out the alerts based on the signature and payload of the packet. Creative Undergraduate. · Made sure that after making the recommendation, the signatures alerts are not showing up again. · Made sure the noise of the sensor is tune to television in kannada a minimum, but still generating alerts · Gathered threat actors so the agency is aware of which hash value or Indicator of Compromise (IOC) to monitor. Writing. · Evaluated Oracle Identity Management (IdM), IBM Tivoli IdM, or CA IdM and made recommendation to customer the types of Identity Management tools to implement they should implement. CACI International, Inc. Performed network traffic analysis for the Department of Commerce (DoC) International Trade Administration (ITA) Team in Washington, DC. Verified that the alerts were true positive by activity for political 47, checking with SourceFire RNA and making sure that legitimize traffic were unblocked using bit9. Performed additional checking of file integrity hash value in VirusTotal, MalwareURL, and other Commercial of the Shelf (COTS) products. Victor Tsao Double checked making sure the alerts were true positive by undergraduate, checking the CISCO SourceFire Signature based, and RNA Determined whether the Source IP, Threat Indicator, Indicator of Compromise (IOC) were legitimated by uploaded the algorithms phd thesis file of the compromised machine were verified in VirusTotal Made sure the Tenable daily scheduled nightly Nessus scans were correctly performed Worked with DoC Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) and US-CERT on undergraduate, the latest cyber threats Performed SPLUNK searches on canberra, the logs to search source IP addresses or Indicator of Compromise (IOC) Performed assembly language analysis on OllyDGB looking at for any anomaly. Apex Systems – Columbia, Maryland , United States.
Supported the writing undergraduate uk Lockheed Martin Corporation/Defense Information School at Fort Meade, MD. Installed Tenable PVS in Windows 2008 Server R2 (64 bit edition). Performed malware analysis on FireEye, and looked for anything suspicious in the Network. Performed Tenable Nessus daily Scans analysis, and looked any threats. Performed capture analysis on CISCO SourceFire IDS/IPS looking for Network anomalies and changes made in the system. Performed status check on vulnerability alerts by USCC. Installed, removed, and upgraded PVS 3.8.1 to PVS 4.0.3 on the Windows 2008 R2 (64bit) Installed Windows Snort IDS on the Windows 2008 R2 (64bit) and looked at the logs on the see if the logs were being recorded Looked for any malware or anything suspicious in FireEye, and checked to see if the malware is a false positive or false negative Performed daily scan result status checks ACAS Nessus scans and see if there were any failures on the scans. Experis – Gaithersburg, Maryland , United States.
Supported the SpecPro, Inc./Walter Reed Team at the National Medical Center (WRNMC) in phd thesis Bethesda. Identify potential malware threats on the network. Performed daily duties such as looking for adware at the spam filtering/proxy systems/content filtering such on Palo Alto. Performed daily FireEye activity logs check for anything malicious. Gathered and looked for any malicious malware in FireEye for any system changes e.g. DLL changes that calls to another DLL processes that can change the registry entries, and looked for any suspicious abnormal changes in the system Looked for any anomaly behavior in the malware by checking if the repetitive traffic pattern by observing the traffic over writing undergraduate uk a period time, in american family culture essay addition, performed some shell code analysis Gathered and writing uk, looked up for any suspicious, and threatening on the site reputation, and comments Reviewed and searched for american family culture essay any traffic patterns for creative any deny and acceptance traffic at the firewall on the SYSLOG Performed and set for essay, looked up at uk, the spam/proxy to administer deny or accept traffic Performed and writing services, looked for creative writing any malicious and added blockage on the malicious site Victor Tsao Performed SCAP Scan on machine for compliance Performed McAfee IntruShield IPS by looking at the Source, destination, and country of origin. Designed Sharepoint masterpage and page layouts, serving as company's main Sharepoint support for all technical complications. The Goal Inc – Dulles , VA. Supported the Booz Allen Hamilton/Drug Enforcement Administration/Federal Bureau of Investigation Cyber Operation Response Center (CORe) Team located at Security Operations Center (SOC)/Security Intelligence Center (SOC/SIC) environment, Sterling, VA. Identify and evaluate internal and in kannada, external security threats through intelligence gathering, preparation of monitoring systems with other Law Enforcement Agency, and hardening of systems through best practices. · Gathered intelligence via social media, Internet chatter, and creative undergraduate, classified means to identify and set for persuasive, classify potential threats. · Gathered intelligence for any APT, Hacktivists, or Hackers trying to take down the Agency for any malicious intent. · Reviewed Snort, and SourceFire events from ArcSight ESM Console to ensure sensor operability and creative writing undergraduate, further evaluated traffic events from Snortby for malicious traffic. · Scanned operating systems using Tenable Nessus and write business plan template, patched the application vulnerabilities using IBM BigFix. · Created incident tickets based on observations and undergraduate, forward to team for further action and algorithms phd thesis, personnel notification. · Created and currently maintain a Linux patch repository by creative writing undergraduate uk, creating a simple shell script to ensure systems are protected from known exploits.
In addition, created simple python scripts to extract data from PCAP files. · Daily setup of the Video TeleConferencing (VTC) systems for the Cyber Operation Response Center (CORe) and Penetration Test Team. · Monitored and looked for suspicious traffic e.g. SQL injections, blind SQL injections, plaintext password, malware analysis, reverse engineer by looking at what kind of entry was loaded, and writing services, remove on creative, the registry e.g. AEX, EBX, ECX, EDX and unauthorized access attempt to online applications -- by step into a function to essay in kannada examine the content, or step over a function and followed the OWASP guidelines for web app vulnerabilities. · Unpacking executable using the utility tool UPX, step over the code, and also look at various forensics tools such as EnCASE, and Process Explorer to monitor the processes running on the background. · Performed lookup using the undergraduate “strings” command line tool to extract ASCII characters and search for indicators or by searching using a “grep” command on the log files for any Indicator of television in kannada Compromise (IOC), or Pattern of Attacks (POA) based on the threat intel gathered. Writing Undergraduate. · Setup, evaluated, and tested Burp suite in the test lab environment trying to intercept traffic and how to write a small business plan template, modify the session id, or payload to login to the account. Designed Sharepoint masterpage and creative undergraduate, page layouts, serving as company's main Sharepoint support for all technical complications. McKean Defense Group, washington, DC – Washington , DC. Supported the Naval Surface Warfare Center/Naval Surface Area (NSWC/NSA) US Navy Tiger Team located in West Bethesda, MD.
Performed vulnerability scans, identified vulnerabilities using Retina Vulnerability Scanner and remediated servers and workstations running Microsoft Windows operating systems. · Verified target connectivity; performed local scans; authenticated via LANMAN to critical activity scan remote machines. Creative Undergraduate Uk. · Coordinated and scheduled time to remediate machines with identified vulnerabilities. · Patched and remediated application based patches such as SQL injection command shell exploits on american culture essay, the servers based on scanner recommendation, Information Assurance Vulnerability Alerts and Bulletins. · Hired through Convergez, LLC staffing agency. Enterprise Business Solutions – Burke, Virginia , United States. Supported the integrity and security of Defense Information Systems Agency's information systems as well as Victor Tsao worked with USCYBERCOM (Formerly known as JTF-GNO) located in Fort George G. Meade, MD. Answered and resolved weekend calls for supports. Drafted network diagrams to writing undergraduate guide configuring, racking and write a small business template, stacking of writing undergraduate servers, CISCO firewalls, routers, and how to write a small business template, switches. Performed Security Test Evaluations (STE)/upgrades for equipment to obtain authority to creative undergraduate operate in the lab Tested end to end video teleconferencing connections for stability and security Hardened Windows operating systems according to Security Technical Implementation Guidelines (STIG) Performed pen testing on laptops, and workstations Performed vulnerabilities scans and television, looked for any application vulnerabilities with the system Verified the stability of patches and patched Linux and creative writing undergraduate uk, Windows systems according to IAVA/IAVB notices. Booz Allen Hamilton Inc – McLean, Virginia , United States.
Supported the National Security Agency (NSA) at Annapolis Junction, MD. Captured/analyzed network packets to identify abnormal traffic. Plan. Participated in the creation of a critical healthcare information assurance proposal outlining how to gain competitive advantage using information assurance. Writing Undergraduate Uk. Used tcpdump, WireShark, Access Control Matrix, and SNORT rules to critical thinking for political cartoon 47 analyze and classify traffic Charted traffic observations and reported abnormalities to supervisor for further action. CSRA Inc. – Falls Church, Virginia , United States. acquired by undergraduate, CSC - Computer Science Government Services (CSGov) Eliminated vulnerabilities on the FAA network through analysis and detection of perceived threats using ArcSight Console, Nagios sensors, WireShark analysis, SourceFire Security Information and writing, Event Manager (SIEM) tools and updated firewall rules. Predicted opponent behavior to vector attacker(s) and creative uk, mitigate their actions. Tracked malicious behavior based on resume writing canberra, watch officer instructions and traced traffic patterns to source IP Verified antivirus/malware findings with online analysis tools Attended briefings to maintain current on threats and vulnerabilities in collaboration with USCYBERCOM (Formerly known as JTF-GNO) Analyzed traffic patterns and looked for SQL injections, blind SQL injections and matched the signature with the payload.
Tenable Network Security, Inc. Headquarters – Columbia, Maryland , United States. Maximized the availability, performance, and security of clients' networks through monitoring of network traffic against threats, penetration testing, analysis of creative findings, and write a small business template, documentation findings for referral to appropriate personnel. Performed QA testing to ensure stability, security, and undergraduate, suitability to task. Tested network performance with Tenable Nessus/Passive Vulnerabilities Scanning/Security Center 3 simulations Tested PVS, LCE, Security Center, and resume, Nessus application to check to see the creative undergraduate uk scanner had any application vulnerabilities Victor Tsao Tested vulnerabilities of security verification and data protection protocols/systems Used Access Control Matrix to verify proper security models were implemented Tested information security configuration for issuing, defending, changing, and revoking passwords Created and essay, tested simple bash script to writing undergraduate uk run command line nessus scans. CACI – Arlington, Virginia , United States. Thinking Activity For Political Cartoon. Performed second level monitoring of nationwide sensors and creative uk, intrusion detection systems using BASE/SGUIL for phd thesis the National Computer Center/Social Security Administration located in creative writing Woodlawn, MD.
Analyzed traffic patterns to determine the legitimacy of traffic based on CISCO SourceFire/SNORT(Open Source) rules. Forwarded tickets to third level engineers for further action. Checked switch status to verify all sensors were operating correctly at each remote location Analyzed traffic on algorithms phd thesis, peer to peer network and shut down traffic remotely using command prompts Analyzed log tcpdump, and looked at the SGUIL payload and compared it to creative writing undergraduate the SourceFire signatures; looked up and modified Linux IPTables as necessary Utilized Microsoft Systems Management Server to identify machines operating with spyware or malware Analyzed code analysis by observing what kind of registry was entered in set for the shellcode or OllyDbg Hired through TMSI Staffing and promoted to CACI employee after seven months due to excellent performance. University of creative writing uk Maryland University College – Adelphi, Maryland , United States. Leveraged advanced understanding of technology principles and applications to provide desktop, network, and general computer support. Ensured proper computer operations so end users could efficiently accomplish tasks. Managed, maintained, and supported campus networks, peripheral equipment, software, services and devices Coordinated and implemented network security measures to protect data and hardware systems Installed or upgraded software/hardware, implemented UNIX file backup, restoration, password, shell, directory changes, and configured systems and/or applications Provided expertise to all users and writing services canberra, answered queries or requests for support/training on creative writing uk, systems and software Proactively monitored systems to identify problems and maintenance needs; repair systems and configurations Developed plans to safeguard data from accidental or unauthorized modification, disclosure, and critical activity for political, destruction. University of creative undergraduate uk Maryland University College – Adelphi, Maryland , United States. Accomplished Fedora Core 3 installations for the Lab; Snort - now part of CISCO (IDS, NIDS, verbose, and packet logger mode); as well as setting-up and learning the CISCO PIX 503 Firewall. Installed Snort on services canberra, Fedora Core 3 and writing, tested snort rules, checked data file integrity, ensuring the lab was kept up-to-date. Drafted exercise book on the back of the writing canberra Chapter with Professor, and created an efficient task schedule.
Monitored current reports of computer viruses to determine when to update virus protection systems and writing, troubleshot a wide range of television in kannada technical issues. Creative Writing Undergraduate. Victor Tsao Performed risk assessments and executed tests of data processing system to ensure functioning of data processing activities and security measures Developed and modified, the snort, the intrusion detection systems for test laboratory environment Reviewed, edited documentations for the laboratory exercises Performed file integrity checking to ensure file accuracy and unaltered status. Certifications Firewall Administration Concept, Brainbench 2016. Linux Admin. (General), Brainbench 2016. TCP/IP, Brainbench 2016. Anticipatory Essay. Network Security, Brainbench 2016. Computer Forensics, Brainbench 2016. Internet Security,Brainbench 2016. Creative Undergraduate Uk. Certified Ethical Hacker, EC-Council 2011.
Security+, CompTIA 2011. Master's Certification in Information Assurance, Center of Academic Excellence in set for Information Assurance 2009. Information Management Certification, University of Maryland University College (UMUC) 2004. Project Management Certification, University of Maryland University College (UMUC) 2004. Active Secret Clearance and prior DoJ Public Trust and NACI clearances. Customer Experience Support@24x7 Intouch. Creative Undergraduate. Application Support Engineer II@Synchronoss Technologies. Senior Project Program Manager@ATT Wireless Advanced Mobility Solutions. Software Developer@Verizon Wireless. Resume Writing. Lab/Student monitor Student Assistant@Southern Methodist University.
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SANS Cyber Threat Intelligence : 2014. Summit 2014 Certified Ethical Hacker 7 2011 CompTIA Security+ CE : 2011. Victor Tsao : 2011. Creative Undergraduate Uk. Tenable Nessus Enterprise and Compliance : 2009. Offensive Computing 101 : 2007. SANSFIRE Windows Kung Fu Command Line : 2007.
SANS@HOME Intrusion Detection Systems : 2007. SANS Advanced Network Worm Bot Analysis : 2006. SANS@HOME Hacker Techniques, Exploits Incident Handling : 2006. SANS@HOME StaySharp: Mastering Packet Analysis : 2006. SANS@HOME Reverse-Engineering Malware - Hands-On; Up and Running w/ Metasploit Framework : 2006. SANSFIRE SANS Volunteer Assessing and Securing Wireless Networks : 2006. Where can I find a CACI NSS Sr. Security Engineer/PenTester resume example in Potomac, Maryland ? This is an actual resume example of a Sr. Resume Services. Security Engineer/PenTester who works in the Software Industry.
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Prose Fiction in the English Classroom. In this module we will be looking closely at how to approach close reading of fiction with our Senior English students. We will: – think about text selection. – think holistically about what a fiction unit might cover. – understand some ‘generic’ elements of prose fiction as a form and undergraduate, how they might be taught. – learn how to develop 3 level guides as prompts for “close reading”. Television Essay In Kannada! Let’s begin by discussing the writing uk novels we might use with a senior English class. In most departments, teachers are free to choose texts for study with their class (departmental resources will limit the american family culture essay scope of your choice). We will write a custom essay sample. on Prose Fiction in the English Classroom or any similar.
topic specifically for you. It is writing, important that you develop an idea of what you think is suitable for a senior class. Think back to phd thesis your own experiences with prose fiction study and to texts you have enjoyed reading independently. Are there any you would consider appropriate for study with a year 11, 12 or 13 class? Why? Activity 1:1:1: Discussion Forum – Texts for writing undergraduate, study Narrative study – an write business template, overview The study of narrative is the study of how stories are told. Undergraduate! When we study prose fiction, we are looking in critical thinking activity 47 detail at the choices that the author has made and how those choices combine to create a particular piece of writing. It is important to convey to your students the idea that nothing happens by accident; everything contained in the novel /short story is a product of the author’s choices. These choices are made purposefully for a particular effect and to elicit a particular response in the reader.
In order to creative writing uk help students understand this, we need to focus our study on the ‘selection’ and ‘organisation’ of material in the text. The following outline provides a useful overview of the headings we might include in a novel study structured around the ‘selction’ and ‘organistaion’ of material in a text. Read through the outline carefully. NarrativeNarrative is how a story is set for persuasive essay, told. The how of writing undergraduate uk story-telling involves techniques and conventions characteristic of narrative genres, e. g. Thinking Activity Cartoon! narratives, anecdotes, news stories, parables.
How involves:A) SELECTION(i) Vantage Point:1. Writing! Who tells the story. (Narrator) 2. Scope of the access. (Limited/omniscient) 3 Perspective in time (Removed/retrospective, immediate — tense) (ii) Content:1. Anticipatory Essay! What are the significant settings? 2. Page 2 Prose Fiction in the English Classroom Essay. Who are the significant characters? 3. What are the significant events and actions?
B) ORGANISATION(i) The basis forsequence (plot) ii) The basis for juxtaposition. | Using this as our guide, let’s look at how we might approach each aspect with a senior English class. In particular, we will discuss the activities, explanations and questions that might be of use. First though, we need a short story to read as an undergraduate, example for discussion. Read through the story “A Piece of Yellow Soap” by activity for political 47 Frank Sargeson. Pre-reading At the very beginning of a prose fiction unit, it is common for writing, a teacher to ask students to engage in an introductory activity. These activities are designed to critical for political 47 draw students into the study of a text they have not yet read. A pre-reading activity might address itself to the theme of a piece of fiction, or be concerned with some aspect of style or form. Creative! Design a pre-reading activity you might use with a class studying “A Piece of Yellow Soap”, then add your ideas to the discussion below. Television Essay In Kannada! Activity 1:1:2: Discussion Forum – Pre-reading Point of View Once the pre-reading is complete and writing undergraduate, the students have read the text (hopefully), it is time to look in detail at various aspects of the text. It is not unusual for teachers to begin discussions on a novel/short story with a close look at the ‘vantage point’ or point of view chosen by the writer. In my experience, students tend to american essay struggle a little with point of view and the idea of a narrator, so it is creative uk, important to have a clear explanation up your sleeve.
Think about how you would describe the how to write plan concept of point of view to a senior English class. And, just as a wee extra challenge, think about how you might make a connection between point of view and irony. Once you have pondered this, click on the link below to add your explanations. Activity 1:1:3: Discussion Forum – Point of view Ok. Creative Undergraduate! Let’s look at some resources that might help you. The art of the short story’ (page 22 of your readings) is critical thinking cartoon, a chapter taken from ‘Close-Up on Literary text’ (Locke,2001) In the uk point of view section, the author asks readers to look closely at the narrator first. Read through the following excerpt and answer the 5 questions with reference to ‘A piece of yellow soap’. This introduction and resume writing services canberra, these questions help students first to discover who the narrator of the story is, before they begin looking at the narrator’s influence on the story. Undergraduate! They may still need to clarify the difference between the narrator and the author of the text. The next set of algorithms phd thesis questions from ‘The art of the short story’ helps them to do this.
Once again, work through the uk questions with reference to in kannada ‘A piece of yellow soap’. The narrator of a story should not be confused with the writer. The writer of writing undergraduate uk this story is Frank Sargeson. 6 On the basis of this story alone, which of the above questions can you answer if you substitute the word ‘writer’ for the word ‘narrator’? 7. How would you go about finding answers to the questions that can’t be answered on the basis of information found in the story? 8 How might knowledge about Frank Sargeson contribute to critical for political 47 your reading of this story? Once students have a firm understanding of the creative narrator and have it clearly differentiated from the author. It is algorithms phd thesis, time to begin looking more broadly at point of view. This invloves asking students to look at the perspective from which the story is being told.
Work through the following explanation and questions reflecting as you do on the extent to which they help you develop a better understanding of the point of view. Creative Undergraduate! If you think of a story as providing a particular window onto the world — a particular angle of vision — then you are reflecting on the important notion of point of view. Point of view answers the question, ‘Through whose eyes or from what vantage point am I viewing the television action that is being presented in creative writing uk this story. Writing Services Canberra! ‘ (A useful analogy here is to imagine a movie camera and to think about undergraduate how its location affects what we see when we are watching a movie. )9 From whose perspective is this story being told? 10 How much time has elapsed between the story being told and the telling itself? 11 How limited is the narrative point of view? To answer this question, try identifying the sorts of information that the narrator cannot access. 2 How involved is the culture narrator in writing undergraduate the story?
Is he quite central to writing the action or is he quite peripheral (like a witness to a motor accident)? [Language Tool Kit:Narrator: The voice one can identify as telling a story. Point of view: The perspective from which the events of a story are presented. Chronological time: The order followed by events as they actually happened. Psychological time: The order of events as they are recalled or reconstructed in a person’s mind. ]Finally, we can distinguish between first-person and third-person narrators. A Piece of Yellow Soap’ is creative undergraduate uk, a an example of a first-person narrative, told from the point of view of a character who has quite a degree of involvement in thinking for political cartoon the story being told. 13 Identify the pronouns in the first paragraph of this story which tell you whether this is a first-person or third-person narrative. | These explanantions and creative uk, questions should prove useful in guiding students to a clear understanding of a narrator and his/her influence on the text. Writing Canberra! Time When we look at the ways in which the author has chosen to orientate the story, it is important to examine the author’s treatment of time. When we do this, we are asking studnets to look at whether the narrator’s perspective is immediate (present tense), retrospective (past tense) or a mixture (see ‘The art of the short story’ p. 25 of your readings for a table of tenses if you need clarification), and at the ways in which time is manipulated to suit the purposes of the creative undergraduate author. The following exercise (from ‘The art of the short story’) is designed to phd thesis make students think about the relationship between time and story-telling.
As you read through them jot down some answers … Time Activity. You can’t tell a story without thinking about time. The following log exercise is creative writing, designed to make you think about the american family essay relationship between time and story-telling. 1. Creative Writing Undergraduate! Write down in how to write chronological order the creative undergraduate uk things you did after you work up this morning. (You dont have to go on for too long. Persuasive Essay! ) 2. Underline the words you used to creative writing indicate the sequence in time of what you were recounting. (First, then, later are examples of such words. ) 3. Anticipatory Set For Persuasive Essay! From the ‘flow of events’ that have occured since you woke up, choose and describe the writing uk most memorable. 4. Add to this description an account of what lead up to or caused this event to happen. Writing Canberra! Reflect on what these questions are guiding you towards. What have you learnt by doing this activity? Or, what would your students learn by doing this activity? Activity 1:1:4: Discussion Forum – Time Look back at our overview.
As you can see, we have had a close look now at the elements that come under the heading of ‘Vantage Point’. Undergraduate! We are going to take a quick detour now to ‘plot’ because it makes sense to get a good grip on activity for political cartoon 47, this before moving on to the content (character, setting etc). Plot. Teaching plot can be tricky, mainly because it sounds deceptively simple. The key to students coming to grips with it is having a clear defintion of ‘plot’ and some narrative structure terms to writing undergraduate work with. So, how would you define plot to a senior English class? What are some plot elements that you would consider helpful in helping students understand the way a particular narrative is structured? Activity 1:1:5: Discussion Forum – Plot The following extract from ‘The art of the short story’ offers some clear definitions of a number of plot elements that may be of use to you and your students. As you read through them, try to connect as many as possible with specific parts of the critical thinking activity 47 short story ‘A Piece of Yellow Soap’. There are a number of plot elements that can be used to shape or structure a narrative. The selection and arrangement of uk these plot elements have an enormous impact on the effect a story has on resume writing services canberra, its readers. although ‘A piece of writing undergraduate uk Yellow Soap’ is a very short story, it contains a number of plot elements. Resume Writing! i Exposition: Exposition is the writing uk provision of important background information so that a reader feels oriented to american essay what is happening in a story.
How effective is the opening paragraph of this story as an example of exposition? ii Predicament: A predicament is a difficult choice — difficult because it involves a character in a choice between two undesirable options. 2 What is the narrator’s predicament as described in paragraph one? iii Conflict: Most plots involve conflict. Conflict occurs in a plot when a character or group’s interests are opposed by writing undergraduate another character or group. 3 Why is the television narrator in conflict with the woman? 4 On the face of it, the woman is the milkman’s antagonist. Find evidence in the story that the creative narrator also feels himself in conflict with:• his firm;• the way his society’s economy is organised;• certain people’s views about God.
Conflict can also be internal. Internal conflict occurs when two parts of a character are in involved in a struggle with each other. Algorithms Phd Thesis! 5 In what way might the narrator of this story be described as in conflict with himself? iv Rising action: The part of a story, often accompanied by tension and suspense, which leads up to a climax or some other defining moment. 6 In what way does paragraph two contain suspense? ) Climax: A climax is the writing undergraduate uk ‘highest point’ in a single action, the television in kannada decisive moment towards which events appear to be heading . 7. Which paragraph (indeed which sentence), in your view, provides a climax for this story? vi) Denouement: This is a French word meaning ‘unravelling’. It refers to the process which follows a climax, where some kind of sense is made of the proceeding events. Sometimes the writing undergraduate uk denouement involves a discovery or a disclosure. Sometimes, as in this case, it involves a moment of recognition — a sudden growth in awareness or the realisation of some truth. In what sense, do the last two paragraphs of this story provide a recognition. 9 Is this recognition for the narrator, the reader (or both)? [Language Tool Kit:Exposition: The provision of essential background information early in the narration of a story. Predicament: A difficult choice between undesirable alternatives, often presented to essay a character early in a narrative.
Conflict: A situation where the interests of characters or groups of characters are opposed. Antagonist: Usually, but not always, a character whose interests are opposed to those of the writing uk main character or group of characters in how to plan template a story. Internal conflict: A situation where two parts of a single character are in conflict with each other. Writing! Rising action: The suspenseful part of a story leading up to its climax. Family Culture! Climax: The decisive moment in a story towards which events appear to be heading. Creative Undergraduate Uk! Denouement: The process of unravelling or winding down that occurs in the aftermath of a story’s climax. ]| Let’s look, by way of example, at what we might do in the classroom to help students gain a better understanding of one of set for persuasive thesed terms: predicament.
Once we have discussed the definition of predicament, we would need to help students pinpoint the predicament the narrator recounts in the short story. Having done this, it would be useful to engage students in writing a kind of role play activity to help them better understand the narrator’s ‘predicament’ which is central to the story. This ‘role play’ would be fun to do as a drama activity, using a ‘voiced thoughts’ monologue. If this were impratical, it could also be done in the form of some expressive writing. Either way, the task itself might look something like this … The milkman’s predicament – activity. Imagine you are the milkman and you are just about to go and visit the woman to ask her for money. Set For! What are you thining/worrying about? What thoughts are competing in your head? Try to use some quotes from the story and writing undergraduate, some of your own words.
Activities such as this could (time permitting) be constructed for each plot element to help students develop a thorough understanding of the resume writing canberra story’s narrative structure. Character and characterisation Senior students seldom have any problems with the creative writing undergraduate idea of critical thinking for political cartoon 47 character. By year 11, it is a term they are generally familiar with and comforatble using. Characterisation on creative undergraduate uk, the other hand is a different story. Understanding the term ‘characterisation’ invloves students making the shift to seeing text as something that has been constructed by the author and that is constructed by the reader as he/she reads. This can be a difficult jump for thinking for political cartoon, some! So, how can we explain the difference between character and characterisation to senior English students? Keeping in mind that the term ‘character’ refers to WHAT and the term ‘characterisation’ refers to HOW, write some defiinitions that you might use with your students. Then, write some questions relating to ‘A Piece of Yellow Soap’ that guide students to an understanding of characterisation.
Activity 1:1:5: Discussion Forum – Character and writing, Characterisation For a clear definition, let’s refer again to ‘The art of the short story’. Characterisation refers to the process whereby readers construct characters on writing canberra, the basis of evidence in the text provided by writers. This evidence can include:• actions;• thoughts, feelings and deliberations;• descriptions (from a narrator or another character);• dialogue| Setting. Looking back to our overview of narrative study, the final remaining element under the heading of ‘selection’ is setting. Undergraduate Uk! You may find students have a functioning albeit narrow understanding of the essay in kannada term setting as ‘the place’ where the story happens. With a senior class, our task is generally to help them broaden this definition to include time and creative undergraduate uk, the cultural setting in which the text was composed and to help them to algorithms understand the ways in which setting is important in a prose fiction text. How would you explain to students what setting is and why it is creative writing uk, important in a work of fiction? Design an american family essay, activity that helps students understand the importance of setting in a piece of writing undergraduate uk yellow soap. Activity 1:1:6: Discussion Forum – Setting Style “Style is a combination of the persuasive way a writer uses words, syntax and punctuation. In some books, the word texture is used to denote the writing characteristics of style a reader is aware of at any point in the narrative. As such it can be usefully contrasted with the term ‘structure’ whicg refers to the organisation of the text as a whole. ” (Art of the Short Story).
It would take far too long to look at writing services, all the possible terms and undergraduate uk, techniques that we might discuss under the heading of ‘style’. It might therefore, be more useful to discuss the particular features of style evident in ‘A Piece of Yellow Soap’, so that you can get a grip on how a ‘style’ discussion might work ina classroom. Read through ‘A piece of Yellow Soap’ once again, paying particular attention to its ‘style’. List some metalinguistic terms (terms used to describe language) you would use to describe the style of essay this short story. Select one sentence of the story that you believe would elicit an interesting discussion about style. Creative Undergraduate! Activity 1:1:7: Discussion Forum – Style Theme. The term theme is a problematic one. If we refer to thinking activity for political cartoon 47 ‘the theme’ of a novel, then we imply that a theme is a “central message ‘put in’ by a writer who is deliberately concerned to raise an issue or communicate a lesson to the reader” (The Art of the Short Story, p8. Creative Writing Undergraduate Uk! ) In the version of reading that this constructs, the reader is merely a passive recipient of the ideas in the story.
How else might we look at the idea of theme (and reading in general)? How would you present the idea of theme to a senior English class? Activity 1:1:8: Discussion Forum – Theme 3 level guides. Just before we wind up this module, I’d like to american culture essay look at a type of resource that can be extremely useful when approaching close reading of a text with a class. Writing Uk! The 3 level guide offers a set of questions which draw students into a close reading of a text. How To Plan! Students are asked to agree or disagree (providing textual evidence) with propositions grouped in creative three categories: – Level 1: Reading for information – Level 2: Reading to interpret – Level 3: Reading critically Let’s look at some examples from a 3 level guide written for Chapter 23 of the novel ‘The Catcher in the Rye’ by J. D Salinger. Level 1: Holden has only a short converstaion on the phone with Mr Antolini. – Level 2: Holden respects Antolini because he doesn’t care about business plan template appearances. – Level 3: Holden believes that natural ability is a stronger factor in what a person can do than education or training. Undergraduate Uk! Question 1 is straightforward. Students can go to the text and find a definitive answer. Level 1 questions involve facts that are directly stated in the text.
Question 2 is more complex. It requires students to interpret a characters thoughts, words or actions in some way. They may need to refer to other parts of the text to do this. The level 3 question is still more complex. It requires students to apply a critical perspective to american family culture the text to examine the belief systems or prejudices at work in a character’s actions. Sometimes, level 3 questions require students to examine their own beliefs and prejudices that are supported or challenged by the text. Creative! In your readings, you will find a copy of algorithms a short story commonly taught in year 11 English classes, ‘The Outsider’ by creative writing uk Graeme Lay. Read through the first few pages of the short story. Once you have done so, come up with one questions for each level of a three level guide.
Activity 1:1:9: Discussion Forum – 3 level guide.
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The Counter-Reformation of uk, Pope John Paul II by Ranald Macaulay. The Second Vatican Council introduced dramatic changes to the Roman Catholic Church and Christians everywhere welcomed its new spirit of television, openness. Since then, however, it has become apparent that Pope John Paul II represents a strongly traditionalist Catholicism, as demonstrated by his active support of Opus Dei. He appears to represent two conflicting agendas, one open and progressive, the creative writing undergraduate, other traditionalist. His creation of a more conservative hierarchy during the past 22 years increases uncertainty about the degree of change since 1962 and provides the context within which to assess current dialogues between Catholics and evangelicals. 1846 Pius IX elected. 1854 Dogma: The Immaculate Conception of american culture, Mary. 1864 Encyclical: the ‘Syllabus of Errors’ 1870 VATICAN I dogma: Papal Infallibility.
1939 Pius XII elected. 1950 Dogma: The Assumption of Mary. 1958 John XXIII elected. 1962-65 VATICAN II. 1963 Paul VI elected. 1978 John Paul II elected. It is forty years since Vatican II and the present pope, in line with the example of his immediate predecessors, has actively sought to extend the ecumenical commitments of the 1960s. Official consultations have taken place between Roman Catholics, Lutherans and creative undergraduate uk Anglicans, for example, and activity for political cartoon the recent agreement in Germany over justification by creative writing faith, whether substantial or not, indicates the degree to which the process has advanced. Essay! Nor is it surprising, particularly in view of the Council’s revised attitude to Bible reading by the laity, that consultations have taken place between evangelicals and Catholics, most notably ‘Evangelicals and creative writing Catholics Together’ (ECT).
These were discussions in the United States which resulted in two agreed statements: the first called ‘Evangelicals and Catholics Together: the writing canberra, Christian Mission in the Third Millennium’ (1994), and the second ‘The Gift of creative undergraduate uk, Salvation’ (1998). Both lament the fact that Catholics and evangelicals are divided and phd thesis point on one hand to the need for creative uk, united action in the face of an increasingly secular and aggressive society, and on the other to areas of set for persuasive, theological agreement between the two traditions. In important doctrinal areas, they argue, greater unity exists than was earlier imagined. Hence their call for further steps to heal the creative writing undergraduate, divisions of the past. Not that they ignore remaining areas of disagreement between the two groups or are facile about how to resolve them, but clearly they sense a window of opportunity as a result of services canberra, Vatican II. The fact that these sentiments were accorded a standing ovation at the 1998 CS Lewis centenary celebrations in Cambridge indicates support from a significant segment of the evangelical world. One of the creative undergraduate, purposes of this paper is to evaluate these new developments. Because their theological aspects have been widely discussed, the focus of this paper lies elsewhere, on canberra, the larger historical background of the pontificate of writing undergraduate, John Paul II. Phd Thesis! The Council of Trent in the mid-sixteenth century repudiated the undergraduate, three great solas of the Reformation: sola gratia, sola scriptura and sola fide.
The question remains, therefore, has Catholicism really changed and to what extent have evangelical fears been justifiably allayed? The issue is difficult and sensitive, even poignant: ‘difficult’ because Catholicism, like Protestantism, represents a variety of anticipatory set for, theological positions and it is hard to be fair to all, especially in a brief analysis like this; ‘sensitive’ because criticism of friends can easily be mistaken as a lack of respect and trust and, worse still, as an all too familiar, knee-jerk anti-Catholicism; ‘poignant’ because, since the 1960s, new relationships have formed across the Catholic-Protestant divide, not only amongst leaders – as in the case. of the ECT discussions – but at the level of a grass-roots ecumenicity. Added to which, evangelicals have found much to admire within Catholicism: conservative biblical scholars have benefited from their Catholic counterparts; thoughtful and stimulating journals like First Things have impressed evangelicals by their breadth and depth of cultural analysis; the erosion of creative undergraduate uk, Christian values has led to a small business plan combined political action, to what Francis Schaeffer called ‘co-belligerency’, most notably on the issue of abortion. The moral courage of Catholic leaders such as Mother Teresa and creative Cardinal Winning of Glasgow, not to mention John Paul II himself, has rarely been matched within the Protestant world. Critical Activity 47! In these and undergraduate other ways, particularly in view of the how to write a small template, American, secular-spiritual ‘culture-wars’ of the late twentieth century, evangelicals have rightly appreciated many aspects of contemporary Catholicism. As a result and in ways which would have been inconceivable before 1965, evangelicals and Catholics have been drawn closer. The conversations which gave rise to the first ECT statement in March 1994 were largely the result of a personal friendship, starting in writing, 1985, between Richard John Neuhaus (a Catholic convert from Lutheranism and editor of First Things ) and Chuck Colson (an evangelical writer and spokesman who founded Prison Fellowship). They were informal in the sense that they were independent of the official conversations between the Roman Catholic Church and various Protestant and american essay evangelical denominations. As such they. were private documents.
But given the prominence of those involved, their impact was considerable, especially within evangelical circles. Neuhaus and Colson later admitted, in fact, that they ‘were not prepared for the intensity of the creative, discussion – and the controversy – that greeted the declaration…' They had started out with a shared concern about the growing Catholic-evangelical animosity in Latin America and this provided the central focus of their first discussions in New York City in September 1992. They soon realised that they had a prior question to address: How could we speak a useful word to our brothers and sisters elsewhere if we had not in essay in kannada, a more careful and comprehensive way addressed our relationship with one another in North America?…In the course of our conversations it dawned upon a number of creative undergraduate uk, participants, almost simultaneously, as though by the prompting of the Holy Spirit: ‘Here is the Church. Here around this table. Christ is here, his gospel is being spoken, and therefore the Church is television essay, here. How do we make that simple but wondrous truth clear to our fellow believers?’… In one sense, of course, they were right. Wherever Christians gather like this, in true faith in Christ and in submission to his word, Christ is in the midst.
Their fellowship is appropriate and their desire to discuss their differences right and undergraduate uk good. Not that everyone can do this, obviously: serious intellectual engagement between Catholics and evangelicals is television, complicated and some can do it better than others. Nor are warnings about the dangers involved necessarily misplaced. Nevertheless, private ‘fellowship’ is creative undergraduate uk, only one aspect of Christian experience. The public reality of ‘church’ has to be recognised and accounted for. Public acts and associations have wider implications than individual conversations, as much in secular matters as in the church. Diplomats, for example, sometimes enjoy friendships with colleagues from other countries, even with those whose national policies they oppose. Yet because their office involves matters of state, personal relationships have to be subordinated to political necessity. Public ceremonies may have to be avoided and uncomfortable negotiations endured. So also amongst Christians. Restrictions for the sake of american family culture, principle and for the safe-guarding of larger communities are unavoidable.
Since it is impossible to be a ‘private’ Christian only, separate from the Body of Christ, institutional relationships have to be acknowledged. Sadly, what believers of different denominations enjoy privately as a result of their common personal faith in Christ, may not be possible publicly. Whether wisdom was best served by the ECT conversations and statements is a matter of opinion, but certainly they deserve respect as a serious attempt to overcome unnecessary misunderstandings. One thing stands out clearly, however, and uk that is that when trying to assess post-conciliar Catholicism the focus of set for essay, attention ought to creative writing undergraduate uk rest not on individuals but on the larger realities of the church as an institution. Though we may enjoy wide agreement with individual theologians and statesmen, nothing should deflect us from the larger picture. A central feature of services, this today must include an writing uk, honest assessment of John Paul’s pontificate. This is essay, not the whole picture for he is widely criticised within his own church, nor can predictions be made on the basis of creative uk, present observations. Anticipatory Set For Essay! Papal elections are notoriously unpredictable – as was the case with ‘Pio Mono’ in the mid-nineteenth century who began as a liberal and ended as the epitome of conservatism. However, the larger picture points towards a level of creative writing, reaction and ‘counter-reformation’, as Alain Woodrow says, and this should serve as a caution, especially for in kannada, those whose convictions the undergraduate, real Counter-Reformation of the sixteenth and critical thinking seventeenth centuries so strenuously opposed.
The papacy and Vatican II. When, early in his pontificate on 25 January 1959, Pope John XXIII announced his intention to convene an ecumenical council like its predecessor, the First Vatican Council, it came as a complete surprise. The dogma of Papal Infallibility promulgated in 1870 seemed to obviate further conciliar debate. However, the pope knew that change was needed. Prominent in his mind was a desire to reach out to the ‘separated brethren’ of other Christian churches and, beyond that, to stimulate a new initiative for peace throughout the world. The ultramontanism of the nineteenth century, the guiding principle of the church for a century and undergraduate a half. was in need of revision. Write A Small Business Plan Template! The Enlightenment and French Revolution had left Catholicism, like Protestantism, weakened and contused. North-European Catholics began to creative uk view Rome, and specifically the papacy and the curia (hence: ‘over the television, mountains to the south’), as an ideal of centralised and creative writing undergraduate uk invincible authority, the logical expression of which was papal infallibility. Algorithms Phd Thesis! The changes initiated by John XXIII a century later simply recognised the limitations of this ideal.
Defensiveness towards the modern world was no longer viable. However, the spirit of change, aggiornamento (‘renovation’ or ‘bringing up to date’), quickly ran into difficulties. Conservatives feared it would lead inevitably to compromise. Undergraduate! In any event by the end of set for persuasive essay, 1965 and the close of Vatican II, the changes were dramatic. Writing Undergraduate Uk! Conservative Protestants were agreeably surprised, though uncertain as to what they might mean in the long term – but so too were Catholics. John XXIII was succeeded in June 1963 by Cardinal Montini of Milan with the title Paul VI. For many it seemed a case of apres moi Ie deluge. The council’s changes had been more impressive in their experience than in their definition, for key documents were left confusingly ambiguous.
The atmosphere of renewal soon became a pretext for radicalism. The Society of Jesus, for example, initiated discussions at its General Council in Rome to essay in kannada alter its basic structures and training, something never before contemplated in its 400-year history. Jesuits were also actively engaged in the liberation movements of Central and writing uk South America. Theological liberalism was rife. Hans Kung challenged papal infallibility and the Dutch hierarchy produced a new ‘Dutch Catechism’ which cast doubt even on the virgin birth. Conservatives and persuasive essay progressives both invoking ‘the spirit of Vatican II’ pulled in opposite directions. When the cardinals gathered in Rome to elect Paul’s successor in 1978 they realised a strong and trusted leader was needed. In October, after John Paul I’s 33-day pontificate, Karol Wojtyla was elected as the creative writing uk, first non-Italian pope in 452 years and the first Polish pope in set for essay, history.
His magnetism and openness, his insistent championing of. the poor, his outspoken commitment to the sanctity of life and the inviolability of writing, human rights, immediately gained him wide acceptance and respect. And his public statements on the ecumenical direction of the Catholic church since Vatican II seemed to indicate a continuity with the past which his choice of name merely confirmed. Clearly a strong and charismatic leader had arrived. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, however, what conclusions can be drawn about this remarkable pontificate? It has seen historic developments as dramatic, practically, as any in the preceding century – in some of which, like Solidarity’s triumphs in Poland in the 1980s, the american family culture, pope himself has played a pivotal role.
The year 2000 to which he has aspired from the beginning as a ‘Jubilee’, a ‘new Advent for the human race' and a possible turning point for the enlargement of peace, has arrived. But what has it brought? Is. his hope in creative, any way related to the economic and political realities of the time – or even to Catholicism itself? What, in how to write a small plan template, particular, has become of the spirit of change promised 40 years ago by undergraduate Vatican II?
The picture is both ambiguous and troubling. On one hand Catholicism continues along a path of activity, heroic change, as in creative undergraduate, the Pope’s recent apology to the Jewish people. His open agenda, presented as it generally is with a theatrical flair, strikes a chord amidst the pluralist sympathies of the modern world. People admire his strength of leadership and apparent religious tolerance and see him as an agent of peace and goody, ill. Inside the church, ironically, he is seen by many as an culture, echo of the ultramontane centralism which Vatican II was intended to resolve. Creative Writing! Without question he represents a traditionalist, some would say “Polish”, expression of the Catholic faith. Steadily by his appointments to bishoprics worldwide he has altered the theological complexion of the anticipatory set for persuasive, magisterium.
Conservatives like Cardinal Ratzinger have been advanced to positions of influence. Recalcitrant theologians have been disciplined. Discussion of controversial topics like the ordination of women, priestly celibacy and contraception have been disallowed. The title of Peter Hebblethwaite’s book, ‘The New Inquisition?’, expresses the problem eloquently. Equally troubling is undergraduate uk, John Paul’s active support of Catholic ‘movements’ like Opus Dei, the write a small template, Neo-Catechumenate, Focolare, Communion Liberty – ‘the New Evangelisation’. These are also strongly traditionalist and have been a concern to Catholics and Protestants alike. Though successful and dynamic, their recruitment strategies, and in Opus Dei’s case secrecy, appear almost cult-like. The puzzle here is the writing, relationship between an apparently progressive pope and american family an organisation like Opus Dei (with a membership of over 80,000) which is the object of suspicion within the Catholic church itself. Creative Writing Uk! In the anticipatory persuasive, years before his election he attended private meetings at Villa Tavere, Opus Dei’s headquarters in Rome.
Before the colloquium which led to his predecessor’s election he prayed at the tomb of Opus Dei’s founder. Josemaria Escriva, who died three years earlier in creative uk, 1975. Soon afterwards he returned to Villa Tavere to give thanks for his own election – as he did recently to the shrine of Fatima in Portugal when he gave thanks to the Virgin for his deliverance from the assassination attempt in 1981. He also supported Escriva’s beatification in critical thinking activity for political cartoon, 1994 (one of the fastest in recent church history) and granted Opus Dei its unique ecclesial status as a ‘Personal Prelature’, which in effect exempts it from normal episcopal control worldwide. Here we could easily be misunderstood. Attention is drawn to Opus Dei simply to indicate the direction of John Paul’s pontificate and its inner contradictions. He has become disenchanted with the Jesuits, traditionally ‘the pope’s men’, because of their liberal tendencies both theologically and creative writing undergraduate socially.
By way of thinking, a conservative antidote Opus Dei has been promoted to a commanding position in the church. In many respects, interestingly, its conceptual genius is comparable to that of the creative undergraduate uk, Society of culture essay, Jesus – the apotheosis of sixteenth-century counter-reformation. How is it possible to understand the pope’s personal ambiguity? On one hand he is creative writing undergraduate, a fervent practitioner and advocate of writing services canberra, Marian spirituality, taking as his motto the expression ‘totus tuus’ – meaning ‘everything for you’ (Mary!). He makes no secret of his opposition to liberation theology and to liberal theologians. Clearly too. Opus Dei and the other organisations of ‘the New Evangelisation’ which he supports are traditionalist to the core. In these ways he is a traditionalist. At the same time he makes dramatic gestures of writing undergraduate, spiritual.
reconciliation towards those of other faiths, referring to Jews and Muslims as ‘brothers in the faith’, a term generally reserved for 47, other baptised Christians. By comparison with earlier Catholic teaching, ecumenicity like this is a radical theological departure. Creative Undergraduate! So John Paul combines within himself two seemingly contradictory images – the algorithms, traditionalist and the progressive. This ambiguity, I suggest, stems from the deeper ambiguity of the Catholic system as a whole. The term ‘separated brethren’, for example, was unknown before 1962. Protestants could not be saved because they were outside the Catholic church – and so also believers of other faiths. But Vatican II reversed this. How? By means of creative writing undergraduate, its humanistic authority, the magisterium. Regardless of what Scripture teaches, and regardless even of its own traditional teaching, the Dogmatic Constitution Lumen Gentium of 1965introduced a universalistic interpretation of faith. Hence the pope’s magnanimity towards Jews and Muslims and his Assissi prayer assemblies to which the religions of the world are invited.
Similarly with respect to the reading of Scripture. Previously the Bible was placed on the Index of forbidden books. From the Council of Trent in american family, 1559, lay Catholics were penalised for reading God’s word. Now Vatican II has reversed this. Since tradition is an equal source of authority, the church has the possibility to add to writing undergraduate or subtract from the teaching of God’s word or to appear at one moment progressive and at another traditionalist. In this sense the traditionalist and progressive distinction becomes irrelevant.
The continuity of Catholic doctrine merely serves to mask the deeper reality – a humanistic authority which allows the church to act inclusively or exclusively at will. The real issue in the sixteenth-century was not so much justification by how to write plan template faith, important as that was, but authority. The root question was what constitutes the governing principle by undergraduate which every aspect of the family, church’s life and thought is to be judged? Is it the Bible alone or the Bible and Tradition together? The Reformers insisted that the teaching of the church must be subordinate to the teaching of the Scriptures simply because this has been God’s prescribed authority for his people from the beginning, first with Moses and the Book of the creative, Law, then with Joshua (Joshua 1:8), then with the prophets and the rest of the Old Testament, then endorsed (and most importantly submitted to) by Christ himself, the divine Son of God, then by the apostles, and then by the early church fathers.
The Reformers claimed that Rome had violated this principle both by misrepresentation and by addition. Fundamental doctrines like justification by faith alone, carefully and dogmatically argued by the apostle Paul in Galatians 2-3 and set for persuasive Romans 1-5, and everywhere assumed in the New Testament, had been vitiated by creative uk medieval traditions like the a small business plan template, mass, purgatory, relics and indulgences. Similarly, other teachings extraneous to creative the text had been imported from without. The new dogmas promulgated since then and accorded an equal authority with the ancient creeds, merely reinforce this, the Immaculate Conception of Mary in 1854, Papal Infallibility in 1870, and the Assumption of Mary in 1950. The point is this: Catholicism’s commitment to Tradition has undermined the services canberra, authority of Scripture. Doctrines which appear nowhere in the New Testament are presented authoritatively.
In this sense, and creative only in this sense, the Catholic church can be said to have a humanistic authority. Catholic disavowals at writing canberra, this point are familiar and Neuhaus quite rightly objects that all Christian churches have a magisterium of sorts, a teaching authority to writing which they owe allegiance. Tradition in this sense is television essay in kannada, undeniable. Undergraduate! But it is resume, a ‘lower case’ tradition, so to speak, and vastly different from the ‘Tradition’ of Rome, for though evangelicals may have made mistakes of interpretation in the past they have not yet introduced extra-biblical dogmas into their confessions. Catholicism has been sensitive about subtractions from scripture and shared common cause with evangelicals in resisting ‘modernism’ in the nineteenth century and ‘liberalism’ today. But the authority of writing uk, Scripture is compromised as much by addition as by anticipatory set for persuasive subtraction. To speak of such a process as ‘humanist’ is creative undergraduate uk, misleading. Obviously Catholicism is not humanistic in any secular sense. But the television essay in kannada, term has value because it highlights the real issue. For evangelicals believe that the historic Christian faith is distinguished from all other religious and writing uk philosophical alternatives in two things principally: first in its non-humanistic epistemological authority, and second in its non-humanistic view of family, salvation. The knowledge required for the coherence and stability of all human knowledge is the divine knowledge revealed in God’s written word.
As the Psalmist says, God’s word is perfect (Psalm 19:7). Similarly, the salvation which sinners need for a restored relationship with God is supplied exclusively by the Living Word, the divine Son. Salvation is a free gift to be received with empty hands (Romans 6:23). With this perspective in mind, a return to the ECT statements leaves little room for confidence. How, one wonders, could Protestant participants have failed to draw attention to writing uk so obvious an canberra, ambiguity at the heart of the post-Vatican church? Or why amongst the many affirmations and agreements did the creative writing, Catholic participants not include some negations of unbiblical doctrine and practice, like the Immaculate Conception and culture essay Assumption of Mary, or, if not the Marian dogmas, at least purgatory and uk indulgences? The areas of. disagreement were listed. But assuming that they desired the recovery of a more biblical faith and intended to inspire confidence amongst evangelicals generally, why did they not include repudiations like these?
The all-Protestant statement on writing canberra, justification by faith called ‘An Evangelical Celebration’, drafted in 1999 by R. C. Sproul and J. I. Packer as a response to ‘The Gift of Salvation’, underlines the significance of these omissions. Unlike ECT it constitutes an creative undergraduate, unambiguous statement of the evangelical view of sola fide. Though widely accepted by evangelicals of all stripes it has not yet been signed by any of the Catholic signatories of ECT, which is surely revealing. Even a modest progress towards this sort of candour would have provided encouragement to those of american family culture essay, us who sincerely look for change in the Roman Catholic church and writing who favour dialogue across the divide. At present, however, the failure to how to a small plan template include simple and unambiguous denials of Catholic error by those ostensibly closest to creative writing a reformation view of renewal, creates lingering suspicions that plus ca change, plus c’est la meme chose. Remarkable as the post-Vatican II changes have been, and impressive as John Paul II’s leadership and sincerity undoubtedly are, the echoes of counter-reformation remain. Ranald Macaulay read law at Cambridge. While there he met Francis and Edith Schaeffer who had recently started the L’Abri Fellowship in Switzerland. After working with them for four years he completed a ED Hons degree at thinking activity cartoon 47, King’s College, London in 1968. Shortly afterwards he and his family moved to Hampshire to creative writing uk start a L’Abri community and study centre. Anticipatory Set For Persuasive Essay! He co-authored the creative uk, book Being Human, republished in the UK in 1996.
He is critical 47, still engaged in the work of creative writing, L’Abri but now lives in Cambridge.  Alain Woodrow, The Jesuits: A Story of Power , Geofrey Chapman, 1995, p 248.  ed. Colson Neuhaus, Evangelicals Catholics Together: Toward A Common Mission , Dallas: Word, 1995.  First Things 79, January 1998: pp20-23. John Paul II, Celebrate 2000! , Ann Arbor: Servant Publications, 1996, p234.
 Peter Hebblethwaite, The New Inquisition? Schillebeeckx Kung , Collins, 1980.  on Opus Dei see: Peter Berglar, Opus Dei: Life Work of its Founder , Princeton NJ: Scepter Publishers, 1994 (German Original 1983); Fergal Bowers, The Work , Dublin: Poolbeg Press, 1989; Robert Hutchinson, Their Kingdom Come: Inside the resume canberra, Secret World of creative writing undergraduate, Opus Dei , London: Doubleday, 1997. on Focolare The New Evangelisation see Gordon Urquhart, The Pope’s Armada , Bantam, 1995, pp410-411.  John Paul II, Crossing the Threshold of Hope. London: Jonathan Cape, 1994, pp215, 220.  ed. Walter M. Abhott S. J., The Documents of Vatican II. London: Geofrey Chapman, 1967, p34.
 ed. Television Essay In Kannada! Don Kistler, Sola Scriptura , Morgan P. A.: Soli Deo Gloria Publications, 1995, p14. The Jubilee Centre is funded entirely through voluntary donations; please support our work!
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#8220;A Family Supper,#8221; by Kazuo Ishiguro Essay Sample. #8220;A Family Supper,#8221; by Kazuo Ishiguro, is creative, a story of uncertainty, nervousness, emotions, and loss of activity for political cartoon 47, love in the family. The narrator, Ishiguro, is a Protagonist, was born in the Tokyo, Japan. He is returning home from California some two years after the death of his mother. After the WWII, Watanabe#8217;s despondency of the loss of the company leads him to take his life and his family members. The Protagonist#8217;s mother, who is believed by her husband to have lost hope in her life, commits a suicide as well. The Protagonist#8217;s father who lives with the loss of his wife and his friend and business partner, Watanabe, feels hopelessness that leads him to consider suicide as a relief from loneliness and guilt. Undergraduate? #8220;A Family Supper,#8221; by Kazuo Ishiguro explores the psychology of the desperate father, whose uncertainty about his life will be judged by the bond of love he shares with his son. This story takes place in Japan after WWII. Kazuo Ishiguro returns his native home from California to visit his father and his sister, who lives in television in kannada, the Kamakura district. The garden creates an atmosphere of anxiety and worries: #8220;Much of the creative writing undergraduate uk, garden had fallen into shadow#8221; (466). The garden provides sensory background about her mother.
Her worries, beliefs in a small plan template, ghosts, and disappointment on creative undergraduate, her son#8217;s behavior leads her to commit suicide as narrator agrees that #8220;My relationship with my parents had become somewhat strained around the period#8221; (465). It#8217;s a part of Japanese culture that people don#8217;t live a disgrace life. It#8217;s an honor to die. Suicide for the business partner and anticipatory set for, even for the air force pilots is glorified by the father. The description of the house contributes conflict and also reveals his father#8217;s character. The protagonist, while walking through his old home, remarks #8220;I had forgotten how large the house was [#8230;] but the rooms were all startlingly empty#8221; (469). This parallels with the illustration of his father the writing uk, owner of the culture essay, house who closes himself off emotionally from the rest of the world, including his children; when the protagonist asks his sister if their father is overly upset concerning the fall of his company, she replies #8220;Don#8217;t know. You can never tell with father#8221; (468).
The large, empty, cold rooms can be likened to the father, who appears statue of emotions and warmth. The Father foresees his future with no body at creative writing uk, his home. He wants some one who take care him. He would feel happy if Ishiguro stays there: #8220;If you wish to stay here, I mean in this house, you would be very welcome#8221; (472). A model of battleship symbolizes glorious death and victory, love, and television essay in kannada, pride of real happiness. In every battle, an army tries to defeat their enemies. The bond of trust and love help them fulfill their dreams.
The dreams and love, which their family depends on has been shattered by creative undergraduate uk, Ishiguro#8217;s behavior. The story is written in first person prospective, allowing us to set for persuasive know and understand the thoughts of his father and himself. Creative Undergraduate Uk? However, Ishiguro thoughts are never given for himself, but we can portray his character through the in kannada, conversation and creative writing, his actions as negligence and irresponsible son, who doesn#8217;t care about his family and the need of love, which his parents expect from him. At once, he can#8217;t recognize his mother#8217;s photograph: #8220;Who is that old women in the white kimono#8221; (470). On one side he says that she looks lot older, but on the other side he says, #8220;It#8217;s dark. I can#8217;t see it very well#8221; (470).
The father is melancholic because his business has recently collapsed. Moreover, there are some family conflicts that are presented only indirectly: the father is prepared to forget his son#8217;s unspecified #8220;behavior#8221; (466) in the past and longs for how to write business that time when his business did not involve #8220;foreigners#8221; (466); the son (the narrator) recalls his father striking him when he was a boy; the sister contemplates immigration to America with her boyfriend. These conflicts are what the characters do not talk about. The father approves his partner#8217;s action for its particular ethic and its general bravery: he calls his partner #8220;a man of uk, principle and honor#8221; (466); later, the father says he wishes that he had been a pilot during the war, because #8220;in an airplane . American Essay? . . Creative Writing? there was always the how to plan template, final weapon#8221; (470). Ishiguro#8217;s parents accepted their fault for sending him in the America. The son, who had been living in the America, has forgotten the custom and culture of Japan and doesn#8217;t approve of his father#8217;s values: #8220;Perhaps I should have been more attentive father#8221; (469). With the mother#8217;s death as background and the partner#8217;s suicide as foreground, death will be better decision for father to reunite and fulfill the bond of love. Creative Writing Undergraduate Uk? Ishiguro#8217;s use of language plays a crucial role in expressing the central idea.
The family in Ishiguro#8217;s story have become alienated. We see this alienation and lack of love in anticipatory, the imagery and symbolism. The darkness of night and the garden indicate their dark and broken relationship: #8220;The light in the garden had grown very dim#8221; (468). The metaphor show a father terrify and rigorous personality: #8220;stony jaw and furious black eyebrows#8221; (466). Writing Undergraduate? The simile conveys the generation gap and persuasive, shattered relationship which creates many conflicts: #8220;chattering like and old women#8221; (466). The father is traditional and strict; he held himself responsible for his son#8217;s life and change in his attitude.
The father admires his friend#8217;s sacrifice and his wife#8217;s respect and writing undergraduate, dedication by serving a fish. It creates quite nervousness for the narrator, who imagine that father may be trying to poison the family as he asks #8220;Kikuko tells me Watanabe-San took his family with him#8221; (471). How To Write Template? His father lowers his eyes and nod. A model of battleship symbolizes his broken family. The father portrays his cracked family by undergraduate uk, spinning the battleship in canberra, his fingers, which is facing lots of storms and its survival may be impossible. Now the father doesn#8217;t see any light in the clusters of clouds refers the situation as #8220;#8216;These little gunboats here could have been better glued, don#8217;t you think'#8221; (469). Undergraduate? The narrator is unfortunate that he doesn#8217;t see any holes in his family relationship, which he claims as #8220;It looks fine#8221; (470). Thinking? The tone is emotional and formal. We see the father always in the sense of uncertainties, nervousness, and writing undergraduate, desire to have faithful relationship. The narrator is sloppy and never looks at thinking for political, his father#8217;s emotions.
The father shows him that the bond of love between father and creative undergraduate uk, son is far behind the battleship. He illustrates his love by calling his friend #8220;A man of principle and honor#8221; (466). The father offers Ishiguro the opportunity to stay with him by essay in kannada, showing #8220;all startlingly empty#8221; (469) rooms. He is desperate that his traumatized family can never be happy. The author beautifully conveys this message by lots of creative writing uk, pauses and soft gently conversation. The isolation, the father will feel, leaves an option for resume services canberra him to commit suicide instead of living a disgraceful life. A life with no ambitions will definitely demolish. Kazuo Ishiguro through his emotional feeling and imagery illustrates the need of love and bond of relationship we share in our lives.
He proves that how important our elders need love and creative uk, compassion. Relationship is in kannada, not about isolation from the rest of the world. It#8217;s all about winning the hearts and minds of our elders. Never ever let them feel alone, as the uk, mother never leaves her child alone. The pillars of writing services, love will definitely create strong and united families. Is this the writing uk, perfect essay for you? Save time and order #8220;A Family Supper,#8221; by Kazuo Ishiguro. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for #8220;A Family Supper,#8221; by television essay, Kazuo Ishiguro. “Love is important in a family.” How is this theme shown in the novel Step by Wicked Step?
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experimental report Prepared by a staff team from European I, Fiscal Affairs, Monetary and Exchange Affairs, Policy Development and Review and Statistics Departments with the creative uk, cooperation of the United Kingdom authorities. Transparency of Monetary and algorithms, Financial Policies Description of Practice IMF Staff Commentary on the Monetary Policy Framework IMF Staff Commentary on the Financial Policy Framework. Banking Supervision Assesses only the authorities' observance of the transparency elements of the Basel Core Principles Description of Practice IMF Staff Commentary. Securities Market Regulation This section is a self assessment on the part of the authorities and was not independently verified by IMF staff.
It is not therefore a Report on Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC). Insurance Industry Regulation This section is a self assessment on the part of the authorities and was not independently verified by IMF staff. It is not therefore a Report on Observance of creative Standards and Codes (ROSC). Accounting Practices This section is a self assessment on the part of the authorities and was not independently verified by IMF staff. Writing Services. It is not therefore a Report on Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC). Auditing Practices This section is a self assessment on the part of the authorities and was not independently verified by IMF staff. It is not therefore a Report on Observance of creative undergraduate Standards and Codes (ROSC).
This report is one in business a series of experimental studies aimed at considering how to present information on an economy's transparency practices and some of the standards that lie behind these practices. 1. There have been significant changes in the policy-making process in creative writing uk the United Kingdom in recent years. Writing. The objective of creative writing undergraduate these changes has been to improve the substance of economic policy-making by: introducing explicit medium-term objectives for policy; clarifying institutional responsibilities and better aligning these with the medium-term objectives of policy; and. increasing transparency and accountability in the setting of policy objectives, in the process by which policy is developed, and in the responsibility for outcomes. 2. The recent re-assignment of institutional responsibilities and the clarification in the objectives for fiscal, monetary and financial supervisory policies, are outcomes of this process.
Efforts have also been made to anticipatory persuasive essay, enhance transparency in the policy process more generally by requiring that all legislation imposing new regulations on creative writing, the private sector be accompanied by a Regulatory Impact Assessment, which is required to state the costs and benefits of the regulations and their impact on various sectors of the economy. 3. In the context of phd thesis this experimental report, the staff have considered the authorities' practices against a set of internationally accepted standards. Undergraduate Uk. In the areas of culture essay data dissemination, fiscal transparency and creative writing uk, banking supervision, U.K. practices have been considered primarily against the Fund's Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS), its Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency , and the transparency aspects of the Basle Committee's Core Principles of Effective Banking Supervision . 1 The report also considers the transparency practices in the area of monetary and financial policies, using the broad principles underlying the February, 1999, preliminary draft Code of Good Practices on television, Transparency of Monetary and Financial Policies . In addition, the report provides a summary of the authorities' views on creative writing, the extent to which domestic practices are consistent with existing international standards in the areas of securities market regulation, insurance regulation, accounting and auditing, and describes how domestic standards are promulgated and television, enforced. No attempt is made to provide an independent view of observance of standards in these areas. 4. In the staff's view, the United Kingdom has made important strides in enhancing its transparency practices in several key areas of economic policy. Creative. While progress in anticipatory persuasive this direction has been underway for some time, in recent years the agenda has been advanced substantially. As a result, the United Kingdom has achieved high levels of transparency in the four areas assessed here - data dissemination, fiscal, monetary and financial policy transparency, and the disclosure aspects of banking supervision.
5. As always, there remain areas where further improvements in transparency and the observance of international standards could be made. Specifically: it will be important to creative writing uk, achieve observance of the SDDS by critical for political 47, bringing the DSBB metadata into line with actual practices on the dissemination of data and addressing those few remaining areas where dissemination practices are inconsistent with the standard; better integration of undergraduate uk existing data on contingent liabilities with the budget documentation would help to provide a more comprehensive picture of the fiscal position and attendant risks; and. an economic classification and a more detailed functional decomposition of algorithms phd thesis government expenditures in creative undergraduate uk the main budget documents would help facilitate policy analysis. 6. In addition, a key area under development is the impending legislative framework underpinning the how to write, regulatory arrangements for creative, the financial sector. It will be critical that the final form of the legislation embody a high degree of transparency and accountability. II. Data Dissemination. 7. The United Kingdom subscribes to the Fund's Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS). The SDDS is a best practice standard against which a country's dissemination practices can be readily measured.
It covers four sectors of the resume writing canberra, economy (real, fiscal, financial, and external), as well as population, and has four dimensions, i.e., the data dimension (the coverage, periodicity, and timeliness of the data); access by the public to those data; the integrity of the data; and the quality of the data. A. Description of Practice. Since its subscription to the SDDS was accepted by the Fund on June 5, 1996, the United Kingdom has announced a total of four transition plans 2 , affecting three data categories. Those plans dealt with the coverage, periodicity and timeliness of the data on central government debt, and the coverage of the creative undergraduate uk, data on the analytical accounts of the central bank. The United Kingdom has now completed all of these plans. Set For Persuasive Essay. In addition, the United Kingdom now disseminates advance release calendars that meet the SDDS requirements for all relevant data categories. (See attached copies of the Summary of Observance and Advance Release Calendar pages.) The United Kingdom is taking a permanent flexibility option 3 for the periodicity and undergraduate, timeliness of the data for central government operations 4 and has indicated on the Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB) that it will continue to publish the financing component for this data category on a quarterly basis with a timeliness of one quarter. The United Kingdom has recently revised its metadata to indicate that it will be using a permanent flexibility option for the timeliness of the data on algorithms phd thesis, the analytical accounts of the central bank and creative, will in future publish monthly data with a timeliness of about one month, instead of weekly data with a timeliness of thinking 47 one week as encouraged by the IMF.
The United Kingdom has recently recommenced publication of wages and earnings data. At present the creative writing undergraduate, metadata reflect the earlier situation when the data had been suspended. The metadata will be updated to services canberra, reflect current practice later this year. The United Kingdom has a hyperlinked national summary data page (NSDP), which shows the latest available data for each prescribed data category and creative writing, component. 5. B. IMF Staff Commentary. Continuous and systematic monitoring of writing SDDS observance will begin in practice as evidence of a country's degree of observance becomes available by mid-1999 (See Box 1). However, on the basis of information provided, the United Kingdom does not currently disseminate the prescribed component of a financing breakdown for two data categories (central government operations and general government operations 6 ) and needs to revise its metadata to reflect this fact and to describe current practices (in addition to updating the metadata for wages and earnings). The existence of the NSDP (which is not mandatory under the SDDS until end-1999) contributes to creative undergraduate, enhanced transparency. However, data for the prescribed components of the analytical accounts of the write business plan template, central bank, and data on the breakdown of debt by maturity, are not shown on the NSDP. Creative Writing Undergraduate Uk. In addition, the central government debt data are more than six months out of date.
The authorities have advised that work will be undertaken later this year to publish timely data for these components. Subscription to the SDDS is voluntary. Countries that subscribe to the SDDS undertook to observe the Standard fully by resume canberra, the implementation deadlines which come into undergraduate, effect during 1999. 1. Staff monitoring of observance of the SDDS is limited to the coverage, periodicity and timeliness of the data and to the dissemination of advance release calendars (ARCs), information about resume writing services which is creative, given on the Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). In addition, the DSBB provides information (metadata) on a country's practices for the following aspects of transparency: simultaneous release of the data; laws governing the compilation and thinking 47, release of the data; access to the data by other government officials prior to release; ministerial commentary accompanying the release of the data; revision policy; and advance notice of undergraduate uk major changes in methodology. Staff have not undertaken an assessment of the plan, quality of the data disseminated under the uk, SDDS. The SDDS was designed to assist users to make their own assessment of data quality by providing information on the DSBB on resume, the dissemination of documentation of methodology and the publication of more detailed data which provide an creative writing uk assurance of the reasonableness of the data.
In addition, Summary Methodologies designed to shed light on data quality, and using a standard format for all countries for critical thinking activity, each data category, will be disseminated on undergraduate, the DSBB in the future. III. Canberra. Fiscal Transparency. 8. This section provides an creative writing uk assessment of fiscal management practices in United Kingdom against the requirements of the IMF Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency—Declaration on Principles . Writing Services Canberra. The authorities have completed the fiscal transparency questionnaire and self-evaluation report prepared by the IMF staff. 7 The assessment has two parts. The first part is a description of practices, prepared by the IMF staff on the basis of the questionnaire response and the self-evaluation report.
The second part is an IMF staff commentary on creative writing uk, fiscal transparency in the United Kingdom. A. Description of Practice. 9. Clarity of Roles and Responsibilities: The definition of the government and the public sector follows the SNA, with more detailed guidance provided by the European System of Accounts (ESA95). All new regulations are subjected to a published Regulatory Impact Statement, and there is a fast-track procedure to repeal unwarranted regulations. Arrangements for devolution to assemblies in Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales are almost complete, and are to include a clear legislative and administrative framework for the allocation of fiscal responsibilities to each assembly. The Bank of England has operational independence, there are no other significant public financial institutions, and essay, nonfinancial public enterprises operate on a commercial basis (with the costs of noncommercial activities being compensated for and reflected in the budget). A strong framework for creative, fiscal management is provided by the Code of Fiscal Stability (CFS), which was implemented in 1998. The CFS requires the government to set out how fiscal and debt management policy will be formulated and implemented. The Inland Revenue Department publishes a wide range of guidance material for taxpayers and there is a Taxpayers' Charter. The behavior of public servants is governed by the Civil Service Code. 10.
Public Availability of Information: The CFS requires the essay in kannada, government to creative writing undergraduate, produce a Pre-Budget Report (PBR), an Economic and Fiscal Strategy Report (EFSR), a Financial Statement and Budget Report (FSBR), and a Debt Management Report (DMR). The FSBR provides comprehensive coverage of the public sector. While it does not include statements of contingent liabilities, tax expenditures, and quasi-fiscal activities, the first two are reported elsewhere and quasi-fiscal activities are not significant. The above reports are published according to a regular cycle. 11. Open Budget Preparation, Execution, and Reporting: The EFSR provides the broad macroeconomic framework for the budget, and it is intended to include illustrative projections for 10 years ahead beginning from the next budget. Fiscal policy is critical for political, guided by two rules—the golden rule and the debt rule—which are clearly explained. 8 The preferred summary indicator of the fiscal position is the public sector current balance, which will be used to creative writing undergraduate uk, assess performance against the golden rule. American Family. The preferred summary indicator of fiscal stance is creative, public sector net borrowing. Work is in progress to develop generational accounts, and the CFS requires the government to move to accrual accounting in the context of a more general shift to resource accounting and budgeting. The presentation of fiscal data is set for persuasive essay, consistent with ESA95, but the main budget documents report data at a high level of aggregation.
Accounting procedures and principles follow GAAP. Resource accounting will be guided by a recently-completed Resource Accounting Manual. 12. Independent Assurances of Integrity: The National Audit Office is independent. Macroeconomic assumptions are open to independent scrutiny, indeed the entire Treasury model is required by law to be published.
The Office of National Statistics has technical independence and ways are being sought to further strengthen its position. Writing Undergraduate. The United Kingdom is currently working toward full observance of SDDS requirements for fiscal data. B. IMF Staff Commentary. The United Kingdom has achieved a very high level of fiscal transparency. The requirements of the Code are met in almost all respects and exceeded in many. The various provisions of the CFS described above have made a major contribution in this regard. While regular information on television essay in kannada, contingent liabilities is already published, transparency could be further enhanced if such information could be better integrated into uk, the budget documents. Similarly, given that Departmental Reports are not published until a number of weeks after the annual Budget, the transparency of the main budget documents could be further improved by providing a more detailed breakdown of government expenditure (including the main economic and television essay in kannada, functional categories of spending) in the PBR and the FSBR. 13. In the context of strengthening the architecture of the undergraduate uk, international monetary system, the Interim Committee, in its April and October 1998 communiqus, called on the Fund to develop a code of transparency practices for monetary and financial policies, in cooperation with appropriate institutions.
The Fund, in resume writing services consultation with others, has prepared a draft Code of Good Practices on Transparency in Monetary and Financial Policies . 9. 14. The following considers the transparency practices of U.K. monetary and undergraduate uk, financial policy frameworks as they relate to television, the broad principles underlying the Fund's draft Code based on information provided by, and discussions with, the authorities at the time of the 1998 Article IV Consultation. 15. Clarity of roles and responsibilities: Recent changes to institutional arrangements have contributed to enhanced clarity of roles and a clearer assignment of responsibilities although some uncertainties remain pending the outcome of the legislative process. The Bank of England Act 1998 , clearly defines the uk, Bank's operational responsibility for monetary policy. The Act also transfers the BoE's supervisory responsibilities to the newly formed Financial Services Authority (FSA). While already functioning, the legal basis for the FSA will remain uncertain until the passage of the Financial Services and family essay, Markets Bill (to be introduced into Parliament later this year).
On the basis of the draft bill, the FSA will incorporate the functions of nine separate authorities. The draft Bill sets out clear statutory objectives for the FSA in pursuing its regulatory functions. The May 1998 Memorandum of creative writing undergraduate uk Understanding between the BoE, the FSA and the Treasury should help ensure effective working arrangements between the resume writing, institutions. 16. Open process for formulating and reporting of monetary and financial policies: The BoE's Monetary Policy Committee (MPC), the policy making body, meets monthly with minutes of meetings being published within two weeks. These minutes and creative writing undergraduate uk, the BoE's Inflation Report provide effective vehicles for communication. The draft Bill requires the american family culture essay, FSA to consult on (and publish cost/benefit analyses of) all new rules and for these to be published. The FSA may also be required to publish policies in other areas such as enforcement procedures and penalties. 17. Public availability of information: The Bank produces regular press releases on statistics, MPC decisions and other Bank issues and its balance sheet is released as part of its Annual Report. U.K. official holdings of foreign currency and gold are published monthly in consultation with the writing undergraduate, Treasury.
The Bank and thinking for political, the FSA both have a public web site. The FSA is required to publish and consult on its budget and fees proposals. 18. Accountability and creative, assurance of integrity by the central bank and financial supervisory agency: The Chancellor of the Exchequer, who is accountable to Parliament, has overall responsibility for the monetary policy framework and sets the american culture, inflation target. The Bank sets interest rates to achieve the target. The Governor of the creative writing, Bank and other members of the how to a small business plan template, MPC regularly appear before the creative undergraduate, House of Commons' Treasury Select Committee. The MPC is accountable for anticipatory, significant divergences of inflation from its target through an open letter system. 11 The draft Bill would require the FSA to undergraduate, report annually on performance against the statutory objectives. Other accountability provisions in the draft Bill include non-executive members of the FSA Board being required to report on television, the efficiency of its operations; the consultation arrangements required on new rules; the formation of consumer and practitioner panels; and scope for the Treasury to commission periodic value for money audits.
Senior members of the FSA will also be expected to appear before Parliamentary committees. B. IMF Staff Commentary on the Monetary Policy Framework. The new monetary policy framework is creative undergraduate, highly transparent with respect to all four principles underlying the draft Code. The frank style and the short time lag in the publication of the MPC minutes provides for an effective transmission of information on phd thesis, the MPC decision-making process. Reducing the creative writing, time lag on the publication of the Minutes is commendable and should be continued. Essay. The open letter system is a recent innovation and it will be important to see how it operates in practice. The remit of the MPC is clear - to set interest rates to ensure the Government's inflation target is met - and the MPC has operational freedom to go about this task. All this is consistent with the draft Code. Transparency could be further enhanced if the Inflation Report were to incorporate some of the qualitative flavor of the MPC minutes, for example, by indicating how the forecast had been developed, where there were major differences among the MPC members regarding economic assumptions, the prospects and the perceived risks. The legislative basis for the FSA's role is under consideration at this time and the transparency of financial policies will need to be reviewed against the legislation enacted. It will be important in the forthcoming legislation, and the regulations that flow from it, to ensure that the regulatory and supervisory activities of the FSA are transparent and accountable.
The draft legislation provides an indication of the elements that may be included. While the capacity of Ministers to dismiss the FSA Board is part of the general political accountability framework, and these powers are constrained through administrative law and access to appeals mechanisms, transparency would be enhanced if the general grounds on which the Government may dismiss the Board were to be publicized more widely. (See also Section V. Banking Supervision.) 19. The Basle Committee on Banking Supervision (Basle Committee) prepared the creative uk, Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision (Core Principles) in order to algorithms phd thesis, strengthen national financial market supervision and undergraduate, stability. 12 Intended to serve as a basic reference and algorithms, minimum standards for supervisory and other public authorities in countries generally and internationally, the Core Principles address the major dimensions of creative uk banking sector supervision: preconditions for effective supervision; licensing process and approval for changes in algorithms structure; prudential regulations and requirements; methods of writing uk ongoing banking supervision; information requirements; formal powers of thinking for political cartoon 47 supervisors; and, cross-border banking. 20.
An assessment of creative U.K. practices against the full set of 25 Basle Core Principles is outside the for political, scope of this study. Writing Undergraduate. Instead, this section focuses on the transparency aspects of the Core Principles. The staff's commentary is based on consideration of a questionnaire completed by the authorities and discussion with the authorities at the time of the 1998 Article IV Consultation. 21. The Financial Supervisory Authority (FSA) has been established to bring together in television in kannada one agency responsibility for the authorization and supervision of all providers of financial services 14 It can autonomously issue prudential regulations under powers delegated to it by Parliament. The draft Financial Services and Markets Bill (to be introduced into Parliament later this year) will develop and further clarify these powers.
The income of the FSA comes from the institutions it supervises. 22. Legal framework: An effective legal basis for financial sector regulation and super- vision already exists in writing uk the United Kingdom, relevant laws and regulations are effectively implemented, and algorithms phd thesis, the legal framework does not hinder the conclusion or enforcement of loan contracts. The UK approach can be characterized as allowing a considerable degree of discretion to the supervisory authorities. The passage of the draft Bill will create a single regulatory authority with a consistent set of objectives, duties and powers.
By eliminating the scope for gaps and overlap, this Bill should further increase the effectiveness of existing arrangements. Under the undergraduate, present and proposed arrangements, should certain prudential standards be breached, the FSA must by law consider what action to take to remedy or mitigate the situation but, in most cases, the law gives the FSA considerable freedom to ensure that the response fits the need. In order to ensure accountability for these powers, the new legislative framework will require widespread consultation on regulations and detailed guidelines. In addition, the laws and regulations provide to affected parties the right of referral against supervisory decisions to an independent tribunal. For now, the FSA is operating under the legislation of its predecessor institutions. 23. Phd Thesis. Accounting and disclosure aspects: External audits of annual financial statements of all companies, including financial institutions, are required by the U.K. Companies Act; however, this requirement does not apply to banks incorporated outside the uk, United Kingdom which are subject to the legal requirements ruling in the country where they are registered. The appointment of a bank's external auditor does not require supervisory approval, but the appointment of its reporting accountants (usually the anticipatory set for persuasive, same firm) does.
The external auditor is obliged to inform the FSA of matters relevant to creative uk, effective supervision or the auditor's ability to activity for political cartoon 47, issue a clean opinion. 24. Creative. Compliance with U.K. accounting standards is required. 15 Regular publication of balance sheets, profit and algorithms phd thesis, loss statement, notes to writing undergraduate uk, the account, and auditor's statement is required by U.K. law. All public companies are required to issued consolidated annual financial statements. B. IMF Staff Commentary. While existing supervisory practices in the areas outlined above already appear consistent with the disclosure aspects of the Basle Core Principles, the picture can be expected to become somewhat sharper once the current period of american family essay regulatory transition is resolved, in particular with the passage of legislation underpinning the FSA.
Given the undergraduate uk, considerable discretion that the law allows the FSA, it will be important for the new arrangements to provide sufficient accountability to ensure that the discretion is used appropriately. This includes arrangements for consultation with interested parties on policies and regulations, as well as opportunities for those affected by the FSA's decisions to have adequate redress to an independent tribunal and ultimately to the courts. 25. The Financial Services Act 1986 establishes the framework for regulation of investment business. While this Act vests in the Treasury overall responsibility for ensuring its implementation, it also provides for delegation of most operational responsibilities, and the majority of how to a small template these now rest with the Financial Services Authority (FSA). 26.
The Financial Services and Markets Bill, issued in writing undergraduate draft and to be introduced to Parliament later this year, proposes to consolidate the power and responsibilities of the FSA by amalgamating banking, insurance and investment business regulation under its authority as a single regulator. 27. How To Write Template. The FSA is directly accountable to the Chancellor of the uk, Exchequer, but the Chairman and critical thinking 47, other senior representatives will also appear, as required, before the Treasury Committee of the writing undergraduate, House of Commons. Attitude to international standards and cooperation. 28. The FSA endorsed the International Organization of Securities Commissions' (IOSCO) standards, Objectives and Principles of Securities Regulation and Cross-Border Offerings and services canberra, Initial Listings by Foreign Issuers , in September 1998 17 . 29. Investment business regulation is creative writing, already required to be carried out in the UK to the level of these standards. However, checking that this is the case, and making necessary adjustments where appropriate, is algorithms phd thesis, one of the creative writing, FSA's priority areas for 1999 (FSA is a member of IOSCO's implementation task force). The standard on Cross-Border Offerings will be implemented by amending the set for persuasive essay, Listing Rules of the London Stock Exchange as appropriate. Documents prepared to the IOSCO standard will still be pre-vetted by the London Stock Exchange in the normal manner.
30. The FSA has arrangements for regulatory cooperation both within the United Kingdom and undergraduate, with foreign regulatory authorities. It has endorsed the principal international information-sharing agreements and a small plan template, resolutions, and signed Memoranda of Understanding (MOU) with many foreign counterparts. The U.K. authorities administer legal powers to obtain information on writing undergraduate uk, a compulsory basis for foreign regulators when there is no breach of rule or law in the United Kingdom. 31. The proposed Financial Services and Markets Bill will set up a single statutory regulator, the Financial Services Authority, which will be responsible for the regulation of banking, insurance and investment business. Critical Activity For Political Cartoon 47. The FSA will replace the current self-regulatory organizations.
32. On the markets side, the new Bill will continue to provide for the recognition and exemption of clearing houses and investment exchanges (such as the London Stock Exchange) provided they meet a number of creative writing undergraduate statutory requirements. 33. The Bill also introduces a new civil regime for dealing with unacceptable market conduct, such as price manipulation and the misuse of privileged information. This regime will complement, not replace, the american, existing criminal offences of writing uk insider dealing and algorithms, market manipulation.
Its aim is to protect the efficiency and integrity of markets. The FSA will be given powers to investigate and impose administrative fines on those whose conduct has fallen short of the uk, required standards. The draft Bill will contain broad provisions defining what constitutes unacceptable conduct and will be supplemented by a more detailed code of market conduct which the FSA will be required to produce. 34. The current framework for regulation of american insurance companies is established by the Insurance Companies Act 1982 . While this Act vests in writing uk the Treasury overall responsibility for supervision of insurance activities, most day-to-day operational responsibilities have been delegated to the Financial Supervisory Authority (FSA). 35. As noted above, the Financial Services and Markets Bill, to be introduced into american family culture essay, Parliament later this year, would amalgamate authority for undergraduate, banking, insurance and investment regulation and supervision under the power and responsibilities of the writing services canberra, FSA. 36.
The FSA is directly accountable to the Chancellor, but the Chairman and other senior representatives also appear, as required, before the Treasury Committee of the writing undergraduate uk, House of Commons. Observance of international principles and standards in insurance regulation. 37. Television Essay In Kannada. During 1998, the United Kingdom conducted a self-assessment of its observance of the creative uk, International Association of Insurance Supervisors' (IAIS) Insurance Supervisory Principles (September 1997). The U.K. authorities reported that its practices were in substantial compliance with all the relevant principles. 38. The U.K. authorities also seek to comply with the provisions of the IAIS' Principles Applicable to the Supervision of International Insurers and critical for political 47, Insurance groups and their Cross-Border Establishments (September 1997). 19 However, the authorities consider that it will be some time before insurance supervisors, with their current emphasis on solo supervision, exchange information internationally at the same level and on the same frequency as other financial regulators. 39. The United Kingdom endorses the principles outlined in the IAIS' Supervisory Standard on Licensing (October 1998), and considers that its application goes beyond the standard's requirement in a number of areas, for creative undergraduate, example, in relation to the assessment of the capital required for a license. These licensing requirements are also applied to pure re-insurers.
40. The United Kingdom takes a different approach to verifying data and information than set out in the IAIS' Supervisory Standard on On-Site Inspection (October 1998). Although the U.K. supervisory authority has the power to require on-site inspections, such inspections are not a regular part of the day-to-day prudential supervision of insurance companies (although the monitoring of the market conduct of life insurers can involve on-site inspection). Insurance companies are required to provide an resume annual audited return to the supervisory authority, which is separate from the accounts to undergraduate uk, shareholders but is similarly placed on family culture, public record. The return contains information on the business carried on, assets and liabilities, the reinsurance program and the profits and losses incurred. In addition, the appointed actuary of a life insurance company is also required to produce a report. Creative Writing. These documents are subject to close scrutiny by the supervisory authority, whose knowledge of regulated companies is supplemented by a regular visit program. 41. The United Kingdom considers that it fully complies with the IAIS' Supervisory Standard on Derivatives (October 1998), which sets out risk management controls for insurers active in phd thesis derivatives and a reporting framework that can be applied across a full range of potential derivative activities. The standard recognizes that supervisory approaches to derivatives are evolving in response to developments on the market and provides guidance to supervisors in assessing how insurers control risks in derivatives. 42.
The IAIS has also issued Guidance on Insurance Regulation and Supervision for Emerging Market Economies (September 1997) and a model memorandum of understanding (MOU) designed to facilitate co-operation and the exchange of information between regulatory bodies. The guidance paper is not directly applicable in the case of the United Kingdom. With regard to the development of information exchange, the U.K. authorities are considering MOU with jurisdictions in which U.K. insurers are particularly active. Setting accounting standards in the United Kingdom. 43. Accounting standards are set by writing, the Accounting Standards Board (ASB) , an independent body that became operational in 1990; these standards are known as Financial Reporting Standards (FRSs).
21 The ASB is also developing a Statement of Principles for activity cartoon 47, Financial Reporting to provide a framework in which standards can be established. 44. The accounting and disclosure requirements of accounting standards, together with those of the Companies Acts, the Stock Exchange Listing Rules (for listed companies), and other statements from the ASB and other professional bodies form the main components of what is creative undergraduate, known as U.K. Generally Accepted Accounting Practice (GAAP). The ASB's policy towards international accounting standard setting. 45. The ASB's accounting standards (FRSs) are the services, United Kingdom's vehicle for implementing International Accounting Standards (IASs). 22 The ASB's policy is to depart from the international consensus only when particular legal and fiscal problems dictate such a course, or when it believes that an independent U.K. standard may point the way to an eventual improvement in international standard.
In practice, the ASB plays a role in the development of creative undergraduate IASs. 23. 46. The ASB considers that in plan template some respects its FRSs go beyond the requirements of the IAS, including in the following areas: dealing with off-balance sheet finance (FRS5 Reporting the Substance of Transactions ); accounting for associates: the U.K. Creative Writing Uk. standard (but not IAS) requires disclosure of detailed information about significant associates; accounting for joint ventures: the U.K. standard does not permit proportional consolidation, whereas IAS does; acquisition accounting-goodwill: IAS allows certain provisions to be made, if part of the acquisition plan, the U.K. standard does not. Other differences arise on such issues as treatment of goodwill, pensions and deferred tax. 24. 47. The IAS also has one specific standard on revenue recognition for which there is no equivalent U.K. standard.
However, this difference is unlikely to algorithms phd thesis, be material as requirements for revenue recognition are contained in other U.K. standards. Promulgation and enforcement of standards. 48. Under the undergraduate uk, U.K. Companies Act, the accounting requirements of which are largely based on family culture, the EU Fourth and Seventh Company Law Directives, annual accounts are required to give a true and fair view. In turn, compliance with ASB accounting standards is required as part of the achievement of such a view.
25 While not themselves law, accounting standards are underpinned by statute and have the effect of the force of law. 49. To assist its work in developing standards, the ASB has established an Urgent Issues Task Force (UITF).The main purpose of the UITF is to assist the ASB in areas where an accounting standard or Companies Act provision exists, but where unsatisfactory or conflicting interpretations have developed or seem likely to develop. 50. Enforcement of standards occurs through the U.K. Financial Reporting Review Panel, which is authorized by the Secretary of creative writing undergraduate uk State for Trade and Industry to examine material departures from the accounting requirements of the canberra, Companies Act, including departures from the requirements of accounting standards.
The Panel does not routinely review annual accounts for compliance, but rather relies on matters being brought to its attention. Setting auditing standards in the UK. 51. Auditing standards are established by the Auditing Practices Board (APB) . The APB was established in 1991, as a committee of the Consultative Committee of Accountancy Bodies (CCAB), whose members are the main accountancy bodies in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. 27 28. 52. The role of the APB is not explicitly recognized in undergraduate uk legislation and its pronouncements do not have any statutory authority.
However, the Companies Act 1989 requires that the recognized supervisory bodies 29 must have rules and practices as to the technical standards to be applied in company audit work and that these must be adhered to by registered auditors. 53. The accountancy bodies, which are members of the CCAB, have undertaken to adopt and promulgate all auditing standards and guidance issued by the APB as requirements for their members. Failure to follow a requirement established by activity for political, the APB can result in disciplinary action by the professional body to which the auditor belongs. Non-compliance by a registered auditor with an APB requirement in the course of an creative undergraduate uk audit may lead to regulatory action and, in extreme cases, withdrawal of registration to act as a company auditor. Responsibility for regulatory action, including withdrawal of eligibility to act as a company auditor, rests with the Recognized Supervisory Bodies. 54. Pronouncements of the APB are of several types:
Statements of Auditing Standards (SASs) contain basic principles and essential procedures with which auditors are required to comply in family essay the conduct of any audit of financial statements. (SASs also include explanatory and other material designed to assist auditors in interpreting and creative undergraduate, applying the standards.) Practice Notes are issued to assist in applying auditing standards of in kannada general nature to particular circumstances and industries, and writing undergraduate, Bulletins provide guidance on emerging issues. Both of essay in kannada these are persuasive rather than prescriptive in nature; they are intended to be indicative of good practice. Relationship between SASs and international standards. 55. The APB's terms of reference provide for it to creative undergraduate, maintain close links with the International Auditing Practices Committee (IAPC) 30 , the auditing profession in Europe and persuasive essay, throughout the world. Creative Writing Undergraduate Uk. The APB represents the algorithms phd thesis, United Kingdom on the IAPC. 56. It is an objective of the creative writing undergraduate, APB that its SASs are consistent with the IAPC's International Standards on Auditing (ISAs); however, this is not an anticipatory set for persuasive absolute constraint and creative uk, the APB assesses the appropriateness of each ISA in the context of the United Kingdom and activity cartoon 47, the Republic of Ireland.
Each SAS either states that compliance with it ensures compliance in all material respects with the relevant ISA or gives a short explanation of differences. 57. Creative Writing. The APB has benchmarked its standards against ISAs. Of the 192 separate requirements of the television in kannada, ISAs, SASs were judged to be compliant with 155. In the writing undergraduate uk, APB's view, most of the american family essay, 37 exceptions reflect points of emphasis rather than substance, and in some cases variations reflected a different approach it consciously adopted to achieve the same objective as the ISAs.