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How to write a thesis for beginners


The basics of writing a thesis statement or introduction sentence. Check out the easybib.com tutorial for works cited page help. http://

How to Write a Strong Thesis Statement - EasyBib Blog

Thesis statemenmt

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Thesis Statements - The Writing Center

Assistant Property Manager Resume Sample. Click here to view this resume. You might be busy trying to fine-tune your interviewing skills, but without a first-class resume, you are going to have a hard time even getting your foot in the door. Thesis! Therefore, it is a wise decision to learn about proper resume formatting and figure out what employers want to see. Our experts are dedicated to assisting you in this endeavor, and they have gone through an assistant property manager resume sample to marketing paper see what can be learned. Statemenmt! Summary should be six lines long at most. Your resume?s summary is essentially you introducing yourself to the hiring manager.

It is your opportunity to briefly go over your most valuable skills and formal letter, experiences that make you qualified for this new position. With that being said, you should be careful not to go overboard. A summary should be a solid paragraph in length, which means it should be between four and six sentences long. This sample resume has a summary that is thesis statemenmt way too long that needs to be shortened significantly, or you risk losing the employer?s attention before he or she sees what else you have to say. Use short phrases for ?Highlights? section. It is highly recommended that you include a section titled ?Highlights? or ?Skills? on your resume because it is your opportunity to succinctly go over what talents you have acquired over the years. Although details are very important in other parts of your resume, you want the bullet points in this part to be very brief.

One way to make each point brief would be to break up certain bullet points, so you have more points, but each one is only a few words long. There are also ways to essay civil eliminate redundancies to make a point more concise, so we could change the following point: Results-Driven Achiever; Effective Team Player with Exceptional Interpersonal Skills. This point could be simplified to be: Results-driven team player. ?Accomplishments? section should go between ?Highlights? and ?Experience? Although it is completely optional to include a section of your resume completely devoted to your achievements, it can be an thesis, excellent way to draw attention to specific things you did at past positions. Thesis Statemenmt! It can be a very noteworthy portion to include, and it should be positioned better on your resume. This sample places it at the very bottom, so we would want to thesis move it up to go between ?Highlights? and ?Experience.? There is no need to save the good stuff until last because you only have so much time to convince a hiring manager that your resume is worth reading all the way through. Current jobs should have points written in civil war, the present tense. Statemenmt! Although drawing attention to your current skillset is statemenmt crucial on a resume, you do not want to neglect proper spelling and grammar.

Every last detail counts, and a single mistake may be all it takes to convince an employer to go with someone else. This resume sample says that she currently works at Highland Management, Inc. However, all the points are written in the past tense. This should be corrected as such: Conduct apartment tours for potential tenants and answer any questions. Collect and maintain careful records of statemenmt, rental payments.

Manage all day-to-day activities involving tenants, subcontractors and property management. New Essays Communication Theory! Manage overall tenant relations, including promoting tenant satisfaction and thesis, streamlining services. Monitor common areas for in technical and scientific cleanliness and safety. Develop and manage a highly skilled on-site staff through effective training and motivation. Establish and thesis, implement leasing goals while managing an size, effective lease expiration program. Execute all leases and statemenmt, enter all pertinent information into the Sage Timberline management system. Complete documents for outside agencies such as landlord references and verification. Maintain tenant and unit information to keep current in thesis, housing database. Thesis Statemenmt! Review completed applications and assess eligibility based on the established tenant selection plan and program regulations.

Conduct annual re-examination recertification appointments and ensure full compliance. Essay Size! Prepare the property for annual MOR and REAC inspections. QuintCareer#8217;s Resume Builder is available in case you need some more help. Once you know how to properly write a resume, your job search will be so much easier. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills.

Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Statemenmt! Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the thesis statemenmt, oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. Thesis Statemenmt! He is also founder of and scientific research practice, MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. Statemenmt! He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the formal essay size, Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles.

He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Thesis! Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an in technical communication research practice, educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by thesis, email at randall@quintcareers.com. Mix Essay Paper! Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus.

I AM A STUDENT This page is for all students and prospective students (high school, college, graduate school), where you will find some expert free resources and tools for furthering your education. Students have been one of the primary priorities of Quintessential Careers since our founding in 1996, and we have a large number of [] 10 Best Job Interview Tips for Jobseekers. 10 Best Job Interview Tips for Jobseekers by Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D. When you have successfully mastered cover letters, resumes, and thesis statemenmt, job applications and essay of the, are receiving requests for interviews, it#8217;s time to understand how to succeed in the job interview so that you are ever closer to your goal of thesis statemenmt, obtaining one or more job [] Personal Career Branding #038; Self-Marketing Tools for Job-Seekers and Career Activists. Personal Career Branding Self-Marketing Tools for Job-Seekers and Career Activists Where job-seekers can find some expert articles, tools, and essay size, resources for developing your personal career brand, as well as key self-marketing techniques to get hired or promoted.Quintessential Careers Career Branding Marketing Articles Resources: Job SeekerPersonal Brand Building Your Online Career Brand: Five [] Quintessential Careers: Career and thesis statemenmt, Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and need to write, Job-Hunting Blog Career and thesis, job-search news, trends, and scoops for essay letter job-seekers, compiled by thesis statemenmt, the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!!

These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Marketing Mix Essay Paper! Interview Advice Job [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.

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Writing Tips: Thesis Statements - Center for Writing Studies

lyx resume layouts par Gerrit Renker. Diplomé en 2001 en réseaux informatiques. Thesis? De nombreux jobs avant et, si le libre ne perdure pas, de nombreux jobs dans l'avenir. Laurent Richard kouran(at)linuxmail.org Présentation professionnelle de Tex(te) avec LyX. Cet article est destiné aux personnes qui ont beaucoup de textes à écrire et à éditer et qui désirent les faire d'une manière rapide, fiable, bien en forme sans pour cela devoir acquérir des connaissances en traitement de texte ou devoir développer une maîtrise de LateX digne d'un gourou. Letter Size? L'outil principal que cet article va présenter est une interface graphique L A T E X extrêmement robuste et puissante basée sur une architecture client-serveur. Ceci, qui n'est guère plus qu'un résumé de l'application, se concentrera sur le processus de rédaction et parlera de mon expérience suite à l'utilisation quotidienne de LyX depuis cinq ans.

D'autres points, comme le versioning, les différents « brouillons » préparatoires à la version définitive du texte) ou les graphiques à utiliser seront également abordés et des outils complémentaires à la préparation des documents seront présentés. _________________ _________________ _________________. Imaginez que vous devez rédiger deux textes dans un délai extrêmement court. Statemenmt? L'un est un rapport décrivant le résultat de vos longues heures de travail et l'autre un petit manuel destiné aux utilisateurs d'un programme qui vient juste d'arriver au stade mature. Essay War? Vous ne pourrez compter sur aucune rallonge de temps pour réaliser une mise en page attrayante ou des polices spectaculaires. Thesis Statemenmt? Dans un premier temps, vous ne vous préoccupez pas de çà car tout ce que vous voulez, c'est terminer la rédaction. To Write? Ensuite, quand ce gros travail est effectué, vous améliorez un peu la présentation mais ce n'est pas très important. Il y a généralement deux choix, soit utiliser un traitement de texte basé sur une interface graphique ou s'en remettre à l'édition L A T E X au niveau des sources même du texte. Thesis? La première méthode a l'avantage de permettre un contrôle directe sur le processus de mise en page car ici, il s'agit plus d'un programme de mise en page que d'un véritable outil d'édition.

Cela est résumé par l'acronyme anglais WYSIWYG ( what you see is marketing mix essay paper what you get - ce que vous voyez est ce que vous aurez ). Thesis Statemenmt? La seconde méthode, quant à elle, est un logiciel solide avec une très grande qualité d'impression. Expository Format? Ce dernier suit cependant une autre logique, celle de l'acronyme WYSIS ( what you see is statemenmt source - ce que vous voyez est la source ) et demande une certaine dose d'apprentissage, en particulier pour les nouveaux venus. In Technical Communication Research Theory Practice? Comme vous vous souciez peu d'avoir de jolies polices pour vos titres, vous n'êtes pas enthousiaste à l'idée de plonger dans le code source pour les mettre en place car votre préoccupation première est le texte en lui-même et non son embellissement ou son marquage par balises. Thesis Statemenmt? J'étais dans cette situation il y a quatre ans. New Essays In Technical Communication Research Theory? Je ne connaissais rien de L A T E X, je ne savais pas comment avoir mon texte prêt à être présenté dans la demi-journée sous forme d'un gros document avec beaucoup d'illustrations et de références prêtes presque instantanément. Thesis? Tout cela a été possible grâce à Lyx. LyX se trouve exactement à mi-chemin des deux systèmes décris plus haut, ici on letter parle de WYSIWYM ( what you see is thesis what you mean - ce que vous voyez est ce que vous voulez dire ) [1(voir les références)] : LyX est un programme qui fournit une nouvelle approche de la rédaction de documents avec un ordinateur en permettant une mise en page automatique du texte par balisage. Civil War? C'est une approche qui rompt avec la tradition vieillotte du 'concept du typographe'.

Il est conçu pour les auteurs qui veulent un résultat final de type professionnel rapidement et avec un minimum d'efforts, sans pour cela devenir des typographes. Statemenmt? Le travail de mise en page est réalisé principalement par l'ordinateur et non par l'auteur. Need Help? Avec LyX, l'auteur peut se concentrer sur le contenu de son texte. Statemenmt? Editer avec LyX se fait sous un environnement graphique, aucun code source n'est nécessaire (mais vous pouvez en insérer dans des blocs supplémentaires si nécessaire). Marketing Mix Essay Paper? Regardez ici ce que donne cet article à un stade peu avancé.

La boîte grise que vous voyez est une référence croisée, vous pouvez cliquer dessus et éditer la référence. Statemenmt? La fenêtre d'édition n'est pas à confondre avec le résultat final. Help To Write An Essay? Lyx génère un fichier texte qui peut ensuite être converti en L A T E X. Thesis Statemenmt? Vous pouvez voir le résultat complet en pressant Ctrl-d , ce qui enclenche l'apparition d'une fenêtre DVI (DVI=device-independent-format, un format de fichier intermédiaire utilisé par L A T E X) , Ctrl-t donne la même chose pour le Postscript. Format? Les variantes avec les majuscules Ctrl-D , Ctrl-T sont utilisées lorsque vous désirez mettre à jour les changements que vous avez réalisé dans la fenêtre de l'éditeur. La procédure est donc similaire au processus d'édition L A T E X classique avec l'avantage d'avoir la structure du texte en face de vous et sans avoir de mélanges avec des balises du code source. Thesis? La tentation lors de l'édition en pur L A T E X est souvent, comme avec les autres traitements de texte, de vouloir augmenter un peu la police ici, de changer un peu les paramètres d'environnement là et en conclusion, faire de nombreuses choses qui n'ont aucun intérêt pour le texte en lui-même. En résumé, lorsque vous avez besoin d'un outil de rédaction fiable et que vous désirez vous concentrer sur le texte en lui-même, Lyx est vivement recommandé. Civil? Ses points forts sont de gérer de grands documents (lesquels peuvent être divisés en d'autres de tailles plus petites), son intégration avec les autres logiciels décris ci-dessous et sa robustesse à tout épreuve. Statemenmt? Dès lors que moins de mémoire principale est dépensée lors du cycle du rafraîchissement de la mise en page actuelle, il y a moins de ralentissements lors de l'édition de grands documents. Marketing Mix Essay Paper? J'ai eu écho que des programmes de traitements de texte se plantaient avec de grands documents (en produisant une poubelle de binaire irrécupérable).

Lyx est basé sur du texte et lors que l'on quitte de façon brutale (exemple : panne de courant), il crée un fichier d'urgence. Thesis? Même avec les paramètres les plus bizarre et des longueurs de texte imposantes, je n'ai pas été témoin d'une diminution des performances. Thesis? Je l'ai utilisé depuis les cinq dernières années de façon quotidienne, j'ai écrit environ 800 pages de textes, parfois plus et je n'ai jamais perdu plus d'un demi paragraphe. Statemenmt? Comme cerise sur le gâteau, le code de L A T E X peut être affiché dans LyX via le script reLyX(1) . Si vous préférez vraiment faire de l'édition de code L A T E X, un coup d'oeil à kile peut être très instructif. Thesis Statemenmt? C'est un éditeur KDE spécial pour L A T E X avec des possibilités supplémentaires. Cet article diffère du premier de mars 1998 (article 31) en ce qu'il fournit moins d'introduction généraliste. Statemenmt? Ici, je vais plus préciser où vous pouvez trouver de l'information et comment l'obtenir. Civil War? Au lieu de faire un guide graphique (comme initialement prévu) si vous n'avez jamais vu LyX auparavant, je vais plutôt vous faire découvrir le processus d'édition. Thesis? Cela va vous montrer comment mettre la main à la pâte pour votre premier document d'une très jolie manière : http://www.lyx.org/LGT/

La première chose à faire est de vérifier si L A T E X est déjà complètement installé sur votre système. Of The Civil? Sur les systèmes RedHat/Fedora, il est possible de le faire de manière assez conviviale avec l'installateur graphique de paquets qui possède une simple case à cocher pour installer la totalité de la distribution L A T E X. Thesis? Vous pouvez également le faire manuellement via. ce qui vous permet de lister les paquets suivants (en supposant que vous avez l'implémentation TeT E X de LaTeX): tetex et tetex-latex (paquets de base) tetex-afm (un convertisseur de polices PostScript pour T E X) tetex-xdvi (pour pré-visualiser les fichiers .dvi ) tetex-doc Le dernier est très utile si vous désirez vérifier différents paquets. Marketing Paper? Cette documentation réside dans /usr/share/texmf/doc/index.html . Statemenmt? Comme pré-requis supplémentaires, vérifier pour aiksaurus (un thésaurus utilisé lors de l'édition) et, plus important, le vérificateur orthographique aspell . New Essays In Technical Communication Theory Practice? Aspell a également des paquets pour plusieurs langues autres que anglaises. Statemenmt? Dans Lyx, le vérificateur orthographique est activé via F7 (capture d'écran ). LyX se présente sous deux variantes, la variante ancienne x-forms (laquelle est à présent un peu complexe à construire) et la variante moderne Qt qui est celle que je vous conseillerais de choisir.

Les RPM pour les deux versions sont disponibles. In Technical Communication Theory Practice? Sous Debian , l'installation est aussi simple que. Si vous désirez compiler à partir des sources par vous-même, elles sont disponibles sur www.lyx.org. Statemenmt? Vous pourrez trouver le script (build-lyx.sh) de construction assez utile. Thesis? LyX est un petit chef-d'oeuvre de codage, tout est écrit en C++.

Le processus de compilation, si vous préférez cette voie, vous prendra plus longtemps que celle du noyau. LyX a besoin de vérifier tout d'abord votre installation. Thesis Statemenmt? Avant de commencer à éditer pour la toute première fois, lancer Editer - Reconfigurer , ce qui va mettre à jour la base de données interne. Formal Letter? Lors d'un changement quelconque de votre installation L A T E X, cette étape doit également être relancée. Thesis? Les résultats de cette étape peuvent être consultées sous Aide - Configuration L A T E X qui nous avertit également où nous procurer d'éventuels paquets manquants. New Essays And Scientific Research Theory Practice? Il est également très utile d'activer la sauvegarde automatique sous Editer - Préférences , cela ne demande pas beaucoup de temps et peut vous en faire gagner énormément en cas de problème. Statemenmt? La visionneuse par défaut pour la sortie est xdvi . Need Help To Write An Essay? Il est chaudement recommander de mettre à la place kdvi , comme montré sur cette capture d'écran.

Cela vous donnera une visionneuse bien plus simple à utiliser. Thesis Statemenmt? Le changement des paramètres n'est appliqué qu'après avoir appuyé sur Modifier . Édition et réalisation d'un document en sortie. Rédiger demande de l'inspiration (de la créativité) et de la transpiration (du travail manuel). Expository Essay Format? J'ai trouvé qu'il est vraiment utile de faire l'effort d'apprendre la dactylo à 10 doigts. Thesis Statemenmt? Il existe des livres très bon marché avec pas mal d'exercices et après quelques semaines, on mix essay paper est capable de taper sans perdre toujours un temps fous à rechercher où se trouve la lettre qu'on désire utiliser. Thesis? Afin de faire de cet exercice fastidieux un amusement, jetez un coup d'oeil à ktouch qui est conçu pour apprendre la dactylographie. Marketing Paper? Cela commence comme une jeu avec un niveau facile et vous pouvez atteindre des niveaux de plus en plus difficiles. Thesis Statemenmt? C'est vraiment bien fait, il vient avec le paquet kdeedu ou il peut être trouvé sur http://ktouch.sourceforge.net/.

Pour le côté inspiration - préparer une structure solide avant de débuter le travail, il existe un article très utile à propos des text outliners et des outils mind-mapping que vous pourrez trouver au [2(voir références)]. Il n'y a pas grand chose à dire à ce propos étant donné que l'interface contient suffisamment d'explications. Essay? Si vous êtes bloqué, jetez un coup d'oeil à la visite graphique mentionnée plus haut. Statemenmt? Disons que vous avez quelques notes préliminaires sous un format texte créées avec votre assistant personnel portable. New Essays In Technical And Scientific Practice? Elles peuvent être importées via Fichier-Importer (soit en lignes ou en paragraphes), ce qui vous donne une structure brute pour démarrer.

Celle-ci peut maintenant être convertie en segments de texte. Thesis? La liste disponible sur la barre d'outils présente les options possibles pour un style de fichier défini. Format? Généralement, on thesis statemenmt peut affecter le style standard via ALT-p s et les titres via ALT-p n où n est un chiffre entre 1 et 6 (plus le chiffre est petit, plus le titre sera grand). Need To Write An Essay? Pour les éléments que vous ne voulez pas voir apparaître dans la version finale, vous pouvez utiliser les notes via ALT-i n , comme montré dans l'image suivante dans la zone bleue. Une fois le texte terminé, vous pouvez utiliser Visualiser et vérifier ou l'exporter ( Latex, PDF, Ascii, HTML (voir les notes en bas de page), . Thesis? ) via Fichier-Exporter . L A T E X fun commence avec un choix extraordinaire de possibilités de sections, sous-sections, pages, images, tables de références croisées ainsi que des données bibliographiques externes. Essay Letter Size? Afin de référencer quelque chose dans le texte, une étiquette doit tout d'abord être créée via ALT-i q . Thesis? Tout texte peut être utilisé pour faire une étiquette, à condition d'éviter d'y mettre des espaces.

Après avoir fait cela, ce label peut être pré (ou post) référencé n'importe où dans le texte par simple insertion via ALT-i r (pour les références), ce qui vous va vous donner le choix entre différents modes de référencement. Need? Pour la citation d' URL à l'intérieur du texte, utilisez ALT-i u . Concernant les références bibliographiques , vous avez deux possibilités : Créer une section bibliographique manuellement à la fin du document en sélectionnant ' Bibliographie ' depuis le sélecteur de style. Statemenmt? Utiliser une base de données BiBteX externe ce qui est référencé en faisant un Insérer - ListesTdM - Références BibT E X (autant que vous le désirez, cela sera mis à la fin du texte). Marketing Mix Essay? Pour la première option, vous pouvez vérifier la première version de cet article (NdT : en anglais) ici (lyx_article.lyx) comme exemple. Statemenmt? Si vous n'avez jamais vu une base de données BibTeX auparavant, voici un fichier exemple (example_bibtex_database.bib) . Need An Essay? Vous pouvez remarquer que c'est un signet-texte standardisé de données bibliographiques.

Il n'est pas du tout nécessaire de se compliquer la vie avec cela étant donné qu'il existe un superbe outil de base de données appelé pybliographer . Thesis? Il permet la gestion complète de toutes sortes de base de données incluant les recherches de texte incrémentielles multi-attributs et la conversion vers d'autres formats comme le HTML par exemple. Thesis? Voici une capture d'écran d'une recherche incrémentielle. Lorsque vous avez réalisé une des deux alternatives, vous pouvez utiliser les références bibliographiques n'importe où dans le texte via ALT-i c (pour citer), comme ici. Statemenmt? Mais il y a encore une bien meilleure manière qui va vous faire découvrir toute la flexibilité de LyX. Help To Write? Pybliographer, comme d'autres outils peut s'interfacer avec le procédé du serveur Lyx. Thesis? Cela se passe via les tunnels $HOME/.lyx/lyxpipe.in (et lyxpipe.out ). Thesis? Le protocole du serveur est décrit en détail dans la documentation de LyX. Thesis? Dans le cadre de cet article, je m'en tiendrai à vous dire que vous pouvez simplement cliquer sur ' Citation ' dans pybliographer pour insérer la référence que vous venez juste de redécouvrir comme partie d'une recherche de base de données incrémentielle. Need Help To Write? Pour les autres applications, ce protocole de communication ouvre des portes comme la génération automatique de textes à partir de scripts et . Thesis Statemenmt? bien d'autres choses que je vous laisse imaginer. C'est particulièrement utile lorsque le texte est long et change régulièrement.

Lyx est prêt pour le RCS. Need To Write? Il est donc simple de le mettre en place. créez un répertoire nommé RCS dans le même répertoire que celui des sources de LyX éditez le fichier LyX et allez sur Fichier - Contrôle de Version - Initialiser le Contrôle (dialogue de texte) la prochaine fois que vous ouvrirez le fichier, vous obtiendrez une boîte de dialogue celle celle-ci : Vous pourrez alors avoir toutes les commandes habituelles RCS depuis la ligne de commande ( man rcs ou rcsintro ). Statemenmt? Je n'utilise généralement que rcs -l pour verrouiller, co -l quand je souhaite mettre à jour la version verrouillées et rcsclean pour supprimer tous les fichiers non modifiés. An Essay? Si vous êtes l'auteur unique, désactivez le verrouillage strict avec rcs -U file , ce qui simplifiera considérablement les processus. Si vous avez besoin d'éditer pas mal de formules, alors LyX/L A T E X propose une des meilleures option qui existe. Thesis? Jetez un coup d'oeil au module mathématique , en y accédant via ALT-m m (eh oui, deux fois) et vous pourrez choisir un symbole depuis Insérer-Math-Palette Mathématique . Need To Write An Essay? Quand vous tapez des commandes math LaTeX, LyX les reconnaît. Statemenmt? Essayez par exemple ALT-m m et ensuite la séquence mathcal P , puis espace et finalement frac (n-1) TAB 2 . Une variété de formats de graphiques peut être utilisée.

Le Postscript encapsulé ( .eps ) est souvent la meilleure option pour produire des .ps, mais les .png , les .jpg et les .gif fonctionnent également. Mix Essay Paper? Vous pouvez mettre des images directement via ALT-i g (graphismes), mais c'est mieux pour la mise en page d'utiliser les couramment appelés flottants , qui sont de simples « styles décoratifs » et qui permettent différentes options de positionnement ainsi que l'ajout d'une légende descriptive. Thesis? Pour créer un flottant, utilisez ALT-i o et ensuite ' Figure '. Need Help An Essay? Lorsque vous faites un clic droit sur le cadre extérieur, vous pouvez forcer le positionnement (jusqu'à une certaine limite, c'est du LaTeX, pas un programme de mise en page). Paramètres du document et formats de mise en page. Je n'ai pas beaucoup parlé du format de mise en page du document qui est défini via Format-Document . Statemenmt? Il y a normalement une sélection de base de formats comme ceux pour un article, un rapport, une lettre, un livre, etc . Need Help To Write An Essay? tout ce que Lyx a trouvé lors de son démarrage de test. Thesis Statemenmt? En choisissant l'un d'entre eux, la mise en page de l'ensemble du document change. Essay? Cela change directement la liste des styles disponibles sur la gauche du menu. Statemenmt? En interne, ces choix sont des styles de mise en page de Lyx enveloppant les classes de documents LaTeX. New Essays In Technical Communication Research? Plus bas dans cet article, je vous donne un petit exemple sur la manière de modifier une telle mise en page (ce qui n'est pas bien difficile).

Mais pour la plupart des utilisations, l'un des formats donnés devrait plus que convenir vu qu'ils peuvent se voir adjoindre des caractéristiques et des ajouts sélectionnables supplémentaires. Une option intéressante est celle de l'utilisation de modèles spécialement pour la rédaction de lettres. Statemenmt? Les modèles sont de simples fichiers textes qui peuvent être modifiés, par ex. In Technical And Scientific Practice? pour votre propre format de lettre. Statemenmt? Essayez Fichier - Nouveau avec Modèle . Statemenmt? Cela ouvre l'affichage du modèle dans /usr/share/lyx/templates . Statemenmt? Un modèle très intéressant est par exemple la g-brief (de l'allemand ''Geschäftsbrief'' = lettre commerciale) qui fonctionne pour les enveloppes qui ont une petite fenêtre transparente sur la gauche. Statemenmt? Le texte bleu clair dans le modèle sera invisible dans le document final en sortie et n'est là que pour aider afin de remplir le texte. LyX vous cache la compilation en interne de L A T E X. Statemenmt? Il crée un répertoire temporaire dans /tmp , ce que vous pouvez voir comme ceci : Il est utile de le savoir lorsqu'on exporte en HTML. Letter? Dans tout les autres formats ( PS, PDF, Ascii, L A T E X, DVI ), LyX crée simplement le fichier désiré dans votre répertoire courant. Statemenmt? Avec le HTML, il copie la page HTML mais pas les images ni les fichiers de style qui y sont liés et générés par latex2html (ceux-ci peuvent simplement être copiés depuis le répertoire de compilation temporaire). Help To Write? Pour finir, produire le document final ne nécessite même pas d'interface graphique, lyx(1) possède nombre d'options en ligne commande comme, par exemple, générer un fichier PDF à partir d'un fichier source donné au travers de la commande suivante : ce qui produit un nouveau fichier. Statemenmt? J'utilise cette commande pour un grand nombre de dépôts de documentations où les fichiers PS et PDF sont générés automatiquement par un script depuis les fichiers d'entrée de Lyx. Erreurs, le préambule et les liens hypertextes.

Si la compilation LaTeX échoue, une boîte d'erreur comme celle sur la gauche s'affiche. Statemenmt? Généralement, la localisation d'erreur dépendante du contexte est assez bonne et vous pouvez ignorer l'erreur qui est notifiée dans votre document par une boîte d'erreur rouge via ALT-g . Thesis? Si cela ne marche pas, essayer de voir la sortie stderror output (dans le cas où vous avez démarré LyX depuis un console) ou essayez Visualiser - Journal de Bord LaTeX . Need Help To Write An Essay? Parfois, vous pourriez rencontrer de petits problèmes car un certain style de document n'est pas inclus (par ex. Thesis Statemenmt? ' paquet xyz non trouvé '). Expository Format? Cela peut facilement être résolu en l'ajoutant dans le préambule Latex qui a le même usage pour les documents Latex que pour la section principale qui sert pour le HTML, par ex. Thesis Statemenmt? la déclaration des fichiers de style, les inclusions, etc. Thesis? Pour atteindre le préambule, sélectionnez Format - Document - Préambule . Thesis Statemenmt? Par exemple, vous pouvez ajouter. Le dernier, hyperref, vaut vraiment la peine de s'y attarder. Marketing? Vous connaissez ces documents PDF où il existe des liens cliquables, colorés dans leur contenu et une section marque-pages où vous pouvez choisir la section vers laquelle vous pouvez vous rendre. Statemenmt? De tels documents sont créés en utilisant le paquet hyperref. Of The Civil? Afin d'être sûr de l'ajouter, mettez-le à la fin de la liste vu qu'il supprime les paramètres des autres paquets. Mis à part de faire des sauvegardes d'urgence et des fichier de sauvegarde automatique, Lyx garde une sauvegarde de chaque fichier dans $HOME/.lyx/backups . Thesis? Si vous supprimez accidentellement un fichier LyX, vous pouvez trouver la dernière version là. Essay? C'est également l'endroit où les fichiers de style définis par l'utilisateur sont conservés ( $HOME/.lyx/layouts ). Thesis Statemenmt? Si vous créez un ou plusieurs fichiers de style pour vous-même, mettez-les de préférence dans $HOME/.lyx/ plutôt que dans /usr/share/lyx/layouts étant donné que le contenu du répertoire est effacé à chaque nouvelle installation ou mise à jour des RPM. Essay Format? Je pense que c'est une bonne habitude de faire régulièrement la sauvegarde dans votre répertoire personnel.

Si vous avez besoin d'ajouter de nouveaux fichiers style pour Lyx (et LaTeX) afin de les utiliser, voici la mise en place en deux étapes. Thesis? Premièrement , le fichier de style doit être placé dans un répertoire où LaTeX peut le retrouver. In Technical Research Theory Practice? Généralement, vous pouvez utiliser n'importe quel sous-répertoire de /usr/share/texmf/tex/latex/ . Statemenmt? Afin d'éviter qu'une mise à jour d'un RPM le retire, il est bon de créer un sous-répertoire (par ex. Formal Essay Size? mes_fichiers_style) et de le sauvegarder régulièrement. Thesis? Une fois que le nouveau fichier style réside dans ce répertoire, la configuration de LaTeX doit être mise à jour, il suffit juste de lancer : (en tant que root). To Write? Si vous êtes curieux, vous pouvez également essayer ' texconfig '. Thesis Statemenmt? Les fichiers de style requis peuvent presque tous être trouvés sur le CTAN. Essay Of The? La seconde étape requière de lancer Editer-Reconfigurer sous LyX et de le relancer . Réaliser votre propre mise en page. C'est parti pour ce tutoriel de soixante secondes consacré à définir un document selon vos goûts. Statemenmt? Vu que nous sommes sous Linux, nous pouvons nous exercer aux vertus classiques de la réutilisation de logiciels afin de faire quelque chose de nouveau. Expository? Supposons que vous être un touriste professionnel et que vous désirer rédiger un catalogue à propos de vos expériences vacancières intéressantes.

Vous aimeriez avoir quelque chose qui commence une nouvelle section avec des mots en gras disant : « Ma passionnante expérience de vacances numéro . Statemenmt? ». Essay? LyX s'attend à une description de la mise en page du texte qui lui dise quels paquets Latex utiliser (nous allons ici simplement utiliser le paquet article ) et ce que vous désirez supporter comme environnement dans votre document. Thesis Statemenmt? La première chose importante, les deux premières lignes qui doivent être quelque chose comme ceci : L'argument entre crochets donne le(s) paquet(s) LaTeX à utiliser. Statemenmt? Vous pouvez en indiquer plusieurs en utilisant des virgules. Statemenmt? Le deuxième argument dit à Lyx comment nommer ce style. In Technical And Scientific? Après avoir sauvegardé le fichier dans $HOME/.lyx/layouts et lancé Editer-Reconfigurer , vous pourrez lire la chaîne « article - à propos de mes vacances » (ou la façon dont vous avez choisi de le nommer) sous Format - Document - Format - Classe de document . Statemenmt? Mais nous n'avons pas encore terminé. Essay Format? D'abord, nous allons simplement importer une mise en page existante appelée article.layout (aucun chemin n'est nécessaire. Thesis Statemenmt? LyX va chercher son répertoire de mise en page ou $HOME/.lyx/layouts ) Ensuite, nous allons construire une commande LaTeX convenable qui doit aller dans le préambule (entête du document). Of The Civil War? Afin de mettre quelque chose dans le préambule, nous allons utiliser l'environnement Préamble . Nous terminons en disant à Lyx comment utiliser cette commande. Après avoir édité ce fichier (a_modified_article.layout), stockez-le dans $HOME/.lyx/layouts , reconfigurez-le, relancez et contemplez - vous pouvez dorénavant trouver un environnement appelé « Mes_Vacances » dans le sélecteur de style.

Ceci est un exemple de document qui utilise le nouveau fichier de style (a_modified_article.layout). Thesis? Plus d'informations peuvent être trouvées dans [3(voir les références)]. Il est certain que si vous ne devez rédiger que votre liste des courses ou un mémo de deux paragraphe, utiliser Lyx est excessif. Letter Size? Mais si vous cherchez à rédiger des textes de plus de 500 mots avec une certaine structure et des références croisées, vous pouvez vous attendre à découvrir de grandes perspectives avec Lyx. [3]'' Personnaliser LyX: Fonctions pour l'utilisateur avancé ''.

Equipe de LyX. Thesis Statemenmt? Sous Aide - Personnalisation.

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A Discourse Concerning the Original. and Progress of Satire. From The Satires of Decimus Junius Juvenalis: Translated into English Verse by Mr. Dryden and Several Other Eminent Hands (London, 1693). Thesis! The text follows the 1693 edition in spelling and capitalization, with only a few obvious typos corrected. I've added paragraph numbers and expository, have footnoted some of the passages in thesis statemenmt classical languages and obscure allusions, but haven't tried to track down every reference. Greek words are transliterated. Whenever possible, I've used Dryden's own translations of Roman authors. This abridgment is about a third of the original; the paragraph numbers correspond to format the original unabridged text, and show where omissions have been made. A very few omissions within paragraphs are noted by thesis statemenmt ellipses. Essay! [32] And now, my Lord, to apply what I have said, to my present Business; the Satires of thesis Juvenal and Persius , appearing in this New English Dress, cannot so properly be Inscrib'd to any Man as to Your Lordship, who are the First of the thesis Age in that way of Writing. Thesis! Your Lordship, amongst many other Favours, has given me Your Permission for this Address; and You have particularly Encourag'd me by Your Perusal and new essays research practice, Approbation of the thesis statemenmt Sixth and Tenth Satires of Juvenal , as I have Translated them. My fellow Labourers, have likewise Commission'd me, to new essays in technical theory practice perform in thesis statemenmt their behalf this Office of a Dedication to you; and will acknowledge with all possible Respect and Gratitude, your Acceptance of their Work.

Some of them have the need help an essay Honour to be known to your Lordship already; and they who have not yet that happiness, desire it now. Be pleas'd to receive our common Endeavours with your wonted Candor, without Intitleing you to the Protection of our common Failings, in so difficult an Undertakeing. And allow me your Patience, if it be not already tir'd with this long Epistle, to give you from the Best Authors, the Origine, the Antiquity, the thesis Growth, the Change, and the Compleatment of Satire among the help to write Romans . To Describe, if not Define, the thesis statemenmt Nature of that Poem, with it's several Qualifications and Virtues, together with the several sorts of it. To compare the expository format Excellencies of thesis Horace , Persius and thesis, Juvenal , and statemenmt, shew the particular Manners of their Satires. And lastly, to give an Account of this New Way of Version which is attempted in our Performance. All which, according to the weakness of my Ability, and the best Lights which I can get from others, shall be the of the civil Subject of my following Discourse. [37] There has been a long Dispute amongst the Modern Critiques, whether the thesis statemenmt Romans deriv'd their Satire from the Grecians , or first Invented it themselves.

Julius Scaliger and Heinsius , are of the first Opinion; Casaubon , Rigaltius , Dacier , and the Publisher of the of the Dauphin's Juvenal maintain the Latter. If we take Satire in the general signification of the Word, as it is thesis statemenmt, us'd in paper all Modern Languages, for an Invective, 'tis certain that it is almost as old as Verse; and tho' Hymns, which are praises of God, may be allow'd to have been before it, yet the defamation of others was not long after it. After God had Curs'd Adam and Eve in Paradise, the Husband and Wife excus'd themselves, by laying the blame on statemenmt, one another; and gave a beginning to those Conjugal Dialogues in Prose; which the Poets have perfected in Verse. The Third Chapter of thesis statemenmt Job is one of the first Instances of this Poem in Holy Scripture: Unless we will take it higher, from the latter end of the second; where his Wife advises him to curse his Maker. [38] This Original, I confess, is not much to the Honour of Satire; but here it was Nature, and that deprav'd: When it became an Art, it bore better Fruit. Only we have learnt thus much already, that Scoffs and Revilings are of the growth of all Nations; and consequently that neither the Greek Poets borrow'd from other People their Art of Railing, neither needed the Romans to thesis take it from them. But considering Satire as a Species of Poetry; here the War begins amongst the Criticks. [39] Scaliger the Father will have it descend from Greece to Rome ; and derives the word Satyre, from Satyrus , that mixt kind of Animal, or, as the Ancients thought him, Rural God, made up betwixt a Man and a Goat; with a Humane Head, Hook'd Nose, Powting Lips, a Bunch, or Struma under the an essay Chin, prick'd Ears, and upright Horns; the Body shagg'd with hair, especially from the waste, and ending in a Goat, with the thesis statemenmt legs and feet of that Creature. Formal Essay Letter Size! But Casaubon , and his Followers, with Reason, condemn this derivation; and prove that from statemenmt, Satyrus , the expository essay word Satira , as it signifies a Poem, cannot possibly descend. For Satira is not properly a Substantive, but an Adjective; to which, the word Lanx , in English a Charger, or large Platter, is understood: So that the statemenmt Greek Poem made according to format the Manners of a Satyr, and expressing his Qualities, must properly be call'd Satyrical, and not Satire: And thus far 'tis allow'd, that the Grecians had such Poems; but that they where wholly different in Specie, from that to which the Romans gave the Name of Satire. [40] Aristotle divides all Poetry, in relation to statemenmt the Progress of it, into Nature without Art: Art begun, and Art Compleated. Mankind, even the most Barbarous have the in technical and scientific research theory Seeds of Poetry implanted in them. The first Specimen of it was certainly shewn in thesis statemenmt the Praises of the Deity, and Prayers to him: And as they are of Natural Obligation, so they are likewise of essay format Divine Institution.

Which Milton observing, introduces Adam and Eve , every Morning adoring God in Hymns and Prayers. The first Poetry was thus begun, in statemenmt the wild Notes of Nature, before the invention of Feet, and Measures. The Grecians and Romans had no other Original of thesis statemenmt their Poetry. Festivals and thesis statemenmt, Holydays soon succeeded to size Private Worship, and thesis, we need not doubt but they were enjoyn'd by marketing the true God to his own People; as they were afterwards imitated by the Heathens ; who by the light of thesis statemenmt Reason knew they were to invoke some Superiour Being in marketing their Necessities, and to thank him for his Benefits. Thus the Grecian Holydays were Celebrated with Offerings to thesis Bacchus and Ceres , and other Deities, to whose Bounty they suppos'd they were owing for marketing mix essay their Corn and Wine, and other helps of Life. Thesis! And the Ancient Romans , as Horace tells us, paid their thanks to an essay Mother Earth, or Vesta , to Silvanus , and their Genius , in the same manner. But as all Festivals have a double Reason of their Institution; the first of Religion, the other of Recreation, for the unbending of our Minds: So both the Grecians and thesis statemenmt, Romans agreed, after their Sacrifices were perform'd, to spend the remainder of the day in Sports and Merriments; amongst which, Songs and of the civil, Dances, and that which they call'd Wit, (for want of knowing better,) were the chiefest Entertainments. The Grecians had a notion of Satyres, whom I have already describ'd; and thesis statemenmt, taking them, and marketing mix essay, the Sileni , that is the young Satyrs and the old, for the Tutors, Attendants, and Humble Companions of their Bacchus , habited themselves like those Rural Deities, and imitated them in their Rustick Dances, to which they join'd Songs, with some sort of thesis statemenmt rude Harmony, but without certain Numbers; and to these they added a kind of Chorus. War! [41] The Romans also (as Nature is the same in all places) though they knew nothing of those Grecian Demi-Gods, nor had any Communication with Greece , yet had certain Young Men, who at their Festivals, Danc'd and Sung after their uncouth manner, to a certain kind of statemenmt Verse, which they call'd Saturnian ; what it was, we have no very certain light from marketing paper, Antiquity to discover; but we may conclude, that, like the Grecian , it was void of Art, or at least with very feeble beginnings of it. Those Ancient Romans , at these Holydays, which were a mixture of Devotion and Debauchery, had a Custom of reproaching each other with their Faults, in thesis statemenmt a sort of Extempore Poetry, or rather of tunable hobling Verse; and of the, they answer'd in the same kind of gross Raillery; their Wit and thesis statemenmt, their Musick being of a piece. Marketing Mix Essay! The Grecians , says Casaubon , had formerly done the same, in the Persons of their petulant Satyrs: But I am afraid he mistakes the matter, and confounds the Singing and Dancing of the thesis statemenmt Satyrs, with the Rustical Entertainments of the first Romans . Formal Size! The Reason of my Opinion is this; that Casaubon finding little light from Antiquity, of these beginnings of thesis statemenmt Poetry, amongst the Grecians , but only these Representations of marketing mix essay paper Satyrs , who carry'd Canisters and Cornucopias full of several Fruits in their hands, and thesis, danc'd with them at their Publick Feasts: And afterwards reading Horace , who makes mention of his homely Romans , jesting at one another in the same kind of Solemnities, might suppose those wanton Satyrs did the same.

And especially because Horace possibly might seem to him, to have shewn the mix essay Original of all Poetry in general, including the Grecians , as well as Romans : Though 'tis plainly otherwise, that he only describ'd the statemenmt beginning, and first Rudiments of Poetry in his own Country. Communication! The Verses are these, which he cites from the First Epistle of the thesis Second Book, which was Written to Augustus . Agricolæ prisci, fortes, parvoq; beati, Condita post frumenta, levantes tempore festo. Corpus ipsum animum spe finis dura ferentem, Cum sociis operum, pueris, conjuge fidâ, Tellurem Porco, Silvanum lacte piabant; Floribus vino Genium memorem brevis ævi: Fescennina per new essays in technical research, hunc invent a licentia morem. Versibus alternis, opprobria rustica fudit. Our Brawny Clowns of Old, who turn'd the soyl, Content with little, and inur'd to toyl, At Harvest home, with Mirth and Country Cheer. Restor'd their Bodies for another year: Refresh'd their Spirits, and renew'd their Hope, Of such a future Feast, and future Crop. Then with their Fellow-joggers of the Ploughs, Their little Children, and their faithful Spouse; A Sow they slew to Vesta's Deity; And kindly Milk, Silvanus, pour'd to thee.

With Flow'rs, and Wine, their Genius they ador'd; A short Life, and a merry, was the word. From flowing Cups defaming Rhymes ensue, And at each other homely Taunts they threw. [42] Yet since it is a hard Conjecture, that so Great a Man as Casaubon shou'd misapply what Horace writ concerning Ancient Rome , to statemenmt the Ceremonies and Manners of Ancient Greece , I will not insist on this Opinion, but rather judge in general, that since all Poetry had its Original from Religion, that of the Grecians and mix essay paper, Rome had the same beginning: Both were invented at Festivals of Thanksgiving: And both were prosecuted with Mirth and Raillery, and Rudiments of Verses: Amongst the Greeks , by those who Represented Satyrs ; and amongst the Romans by thesis statemenmt real Clowns. [49] Your Lordship has perceiv'd, by essay of the civil war this time, that this Satyrique Tragedy, and the Roman Satire have little Resemblance in any of thesis statemenmt their Features. The very Kinds are different: For what has a Pastoral Tragedy to do with a Paper of Verses Satirically written? The Character and Raillery of the Satyres is the only thing that cou'd pretend to a likeness: Were Scaliger and Heinsius alive to maintain their Opinion. And the first Farces of the Romans , which were the Rudiments of their Poetry, were written before they had any Communication with the Greeks ; or, indeed, any Knowledge of that People. [51] The Grecians , besides these Satyrique Tragedies, had another kind of Poem, which they call'd Silli ; which were more of kin to the Roman Satire: Those Silli were indeed Invective Poems, but of a different Species from the essay Roman Poems of Ennius, Pacuvius, Lucilius, Horace , and statemenmt, the rest of their Successors. They were so call'd, says Casaubon in one place, from Silenus , the Foster-Father of Bacchus ; but in another place, bethinking himself better, he derives their Name apo tou sillainein , from their Scoffing and Petulancy.

From some Fragments of the Silli , written by Timon , we may find, that they were Satyrique Poems, full of Parodies ; that is, of Verses patch'd up from great Poets, and turn'd into another Sence than their Author intended them. Such amongst the Romans is the marketing paper Famous Cento of Ausonius ; where the statemenmt words are Virgil's : But by applying them to another Sense, they are made a Relation of a Wedding-Night; and the Act of Consummation fulsomly describ'd in essay the very words of the most Modest amongst all Poets. Of the statemenmt same manner are our Songs, which are turn'd into need an essay, Burlesque; and the serious words of the Author perverted into a ridiculous meaning. Thus in thesis statemenmt Timon's Silli the words are generally those of Homer , and the Tragick Poets; but he applies them Satyrically, to some Customs and Kinds of Philosophy, which he arraigns. But the Romans not using any of these Parodies in marketing paper their Satyres sometimes, indeed, repeating Verses of other Men, as Persius cites some of Nero's ; but not turning them into another meaning, the Silli cannot be suppos'd to be the Original of Roman Satire. To these Silli consisting of Parodies , we may properly add, the Satires which were written against thesis particular Persons; such as were the Iambiques of Archilocus against expository essay format Lycambes , which Horace undoubtedly imitated in thesis some of his Odes and expository format, Epodes , whose Titles bear sufficient witness of it: I might also name the Invective of Ovid against Ibis ; and many others: But these are the Under-wood of statemenmt Satire, rather than the Timber-Trees: They are not of General Extension, as reaching only to some Individual Person. New Essays In Technical And Scientific Research Practice! And Horace seems to have purg'd himself from thesis statemenmt, those Splenetick Reflections in essay of the civil those Odes and Epodes , before he undertook the statemenmt Noble Work of Satires; which were properly so call'd. [52] Thus, my Lord, I have at essay of the war, length disengag'd my self from those Antiquities of Greece ; and have prov'd, I hope, from the best Critiques, that the Roman Satire was not borrow'd from thence, but of thesis their own Manufacture: I am now almost gotten into my depth; at least by the help of Dacier , I am swimming towards it.

Not that I will promise always to letter follow him, any more than he follows Casaubon ; but to keep him in my Eye, as my best and truest Guide; and where I think he may possibly mislead me, there to have recourse to my own lights, as I expect that others should do by me. [53] Quintilian says, in plain words, Satira quidem tota, nostra est : And Horace had said the same thing before him, speaking of his Predecessor in thesis statemenmt that sort of Poetry, Et Græcis intacti Carminis Author . New Essays Communication Theory! Nothing can be clearer than the Opinion of the Poet, and the Orator, both the best Criticks of the two best Ages of the Roman Empire, than that Satire was wholly of thesis Latin growth, and not transplanted to Rome from Athens . Yet, as I have said, Scaliger , the thesis Father, according to his Custom, that is, insolently enough, contradicts them both; and thesis, gives no better Reason, than the derivation of marketing paper Satyrus from sathu , Salacitas ; and so from the thesis statemenmt Lechery of those Fauns, thinks he has sufficiently prov'd, that Satyre is deriv'd from them. As if Wantonness and lubricity, were Essential to that sort of Poem, which ought to mix essay paper be avoided in it. His other Allegation, which I have already mention'd, is as pitiful: That the Satyres carried Platters and Canisters full of Fruit, in their Hands. If they had enter'd empty-handed, had they been ever the less Satyres ? Or were the Fruits and Flowers, which they offer'd, any thing of kin to Satyre? Or any Argument that this Poem was Originally Grecian? Causaubon judg'd better, and his Opinion is grounded on sure Authority; that Satyre was deriv'd from thesis, Satura , a Roman word, which signifies Full, and Abundant; and in technical and scientific communication research practice, full also of Variety, in which nothing is wanting to thesis its due Perfection. 'Tis thus, says Dacier , that we lay a full Colour, when the Wool has taken the whole Tincture, and civil, drunk in as much of the Dye as it can receive. According to this Derivation, from Satar comes Satura , or Satira : According to the new spelling, as optamus and maxumus are now spell'd optimus and thesis, maximus. Satura , as I have formerly noted, is an Adjective, and relates to the word Lanx , which is formal, understood. And this Lanx , in English a Charger, or large Platter, was yearly fill'd with all sorts of Fruits, which were offer'd to the Gods at their Festivals, as the Premices , or First Gatherings. These Offerings of several sorts thus mingl'd, 'tis true, were not unknown to the Grecians , who call'd them pankarpon thysian , a Sacrifice of thesis all sorts of Fruits; and panspermion , when they offer'd all kinds of Grain. Virgil has mention'd these Sacrifices in his Georgiques . And in civil another place, Lancesq; liba feremus . That is, we offer the smoaking Entrails in great Platters; and we will offer the Chargers, and the Cakes.

[54] This word Satura has been afterward apply'd to many other sorts of Mixtures; as Festus calls it a kind of Olla , or hotch-potch, made of several sorts of Meats. Laws were also call'd Leges Saturæ ; when they were of several Heads and thesis statemenmt, Titles; like our tack'd Bills of Parliament. In Technical Communication Research Theory Practice! And per thesis, Saturam legem ferre , in the Roman Senate, was to carry a Law without telling the Senatours, or counting Voices when they were in haste. Salust uses the word per Saturam Sententias exquirere ; when the Majority was visibly on one side. From hence it might probably be conjectur'd, that the Discourses or Satyres of Ennius , Lucilius , and need help to write, Horace , as we now call them, took their Name; because they are full of thesis various Matters, and help to write an essay, are also Written on various Subjects, as Porphyrius says. But Dacier affirms, that it is not immediately from thence that these Satyres are so call'd: For that Name had been us'd formerly for other things, which bore a nearer resemblance to those Discourses of Horace . Statemenmt! In explaining of which, (continues Dacier ) a Method is to be pursu'd, of which Casaubon himself has never thought, and which will put all things into so clear a light, that no farther room will be left for the least Dispute.

[55] During the space of almost four hundred years, since the and scientific communication research Building of their City, the Romans had never known any Entertainments of the Stage: Chance and Jollity first found out those Verses which they call'd Saturnian , and thesis, Fescennine : Or rather Humane Nature, which is new essays in technical communication research theory, inclin'd to thesis statemenmt Poetry, first produc'd them, rude and barbarous, and unpolish'd, as all other Operations of the Soul are in their beginnings, before they are Cultivated with Art and essay format, Study. However, in occasions of Merriment they were first practis'd; and this rough-cast unhewn Poetry, was instead of thesis Stage-Plays for the space of an formal essay letter hundred and twenty years together. They were made extempore , and were, as the French call them, Impromptus : For which the Tarsians of Old were much Renown'd; and we see the daily Examples of them in the Italian Farces of Harlequin , and Scaramucha . Such was the Poetry of statemenmt that Salvage People, before it was tun'd into Numbers, and the Harmony of Verse. Little of the Saturnian Verses is mix essay, now remaining; we only know from Authors, that they were nearer Prose than Poetry, without feet, or measure. Statemenmt! They were enrhythmoi , but not emmetroi : Perhaps they might be us'd in the solemn part of their Ceremonies, and the Fescennine , which were invented after them, in their Afternoons Debauchery, because they were scoffing, and obscene. [57] When they began to formal essay letter size be somewhat better bred, and statemenmt, were entering, as I may say, into the first Rudiments of help an essay Civil Conversation, they left these Hedge Notes, for another sort of Poem, somewhat polish'd, which was also full of pleasant Raillery, but without any mixture of obscenity. This sort of Poetry appear'd under the thesis name of theory Satire, because of its variety: And this Satire was adorn'd with Compositions of Musick, and with Dances: but Lascivious Postures were banish'd from it. In the Tuscan Language, says Livy , the word Hister signifies a Player: And therefore those Actors, which were first brought from Etruria to Rome , on occasion of a Pestilence; when the Romans were admonish'd to avert the Anger of the Gods by thesis statemenmt Plays, in the Year ab Urbe Condita , cccxc.

Those Actors, I say, were therefore call'd Histriones : And that Name has since remain'd, not only to format Actors Roman born, but to all others of every Nation. They Play'd not the former extempore stuff of Fescennine Verses, or Clownish Jests; but what they Acted, was a kind of civil cleanly Farce, with Musick and Dances, and Motions that were proper to the Subject. [68] Having thus brought down the History of thesis statemenmt Satire from its Original, to the times of essay letter Horace , and shewn the several changes of it, I shou'd here discover some of those Graces which Horace added to thesis statemenmt it, but that I think it will be more proper to defer that Undertaking, till I make the Comparison betwixt him and Juvenal . In the mean while, following the Order of Time, it will be necessary to say somewhat of another kind of Satire, which also was descended from the Ancient: 'Tis that which we call the Varronian Satire, but which Varro himself calls the Menippean ; because Varro , the most Learn'd of the Romans , was the thesis first Author of thesis statemenmt it, who imitated, in his Works, the Manners of Menippus the Gadarenian , who profess'd the Philosophy of the Cyniques . [69] This sort of Satire was not only compos'd of several sorts of Verse, like those of formal essay Ennius , but was also mix'd with Prose; and Greek was sprinkl'd amongst the Latin. Thesis Statemenmt! Quintilian , after he had spoken of the marketing Satire of Lucilius , adds what follows. There is another and former kind of Satire, Compos'd by Terentius Varro, the most Learn'd of the Romans: In which he was not satisfy'd alone, with mingling in it several sorts of Verse. Thesis Statemenmt! The only difficulty of this Passage, is, that Quintilian tells us, that this Satire of Varro was of need to write a former kind. For how can we possibly imagine this to be, since Varro , who was contemporary to Cicero , must consequently be after Lucilius ? But Quintilian meant not, that the Satire of Varro was in order of Time before Lucilius ; he wou'd only give us to understand, that the Varronian Satire, with mixture of several sorts of Verses, was more after the manner of Ennius and statemenmt, Pacuvius , than that of Lucilius , who was more severe, and more correct, and gave himself less liberty in the mixture of his Verses, in the same Poem. Marketing! [71] This we may believe for certain, That as his Subjects were various, so most of them were Tales or Stories of his own invention. Which is also manifest from Antiquity, by those Authors who are acknowledg'd to have written Varronian Satires, in thesis statemenmt imitation of his: Of whom the Chief is Petronius Arbiter , whose Satire, they say, is now Printing in Holland , wholly recover'd, and practice, made compleat: When 'tis made publick, it will easily be seen by any one Sentence, whether it be supposititious, or genuine. Many of Lucian's Dialogues may also properly be call'd Varronian Satires; particularly his True History : And consequently the thesis Golden Ass of Apuleius , which is taken from him. Of the same stamp is the Mock Deification of Claudius , by Seneca : And the Symposium or Cæsars of Julian the Emperour. Amongst the Moderns we may reckon the essay Encomium Moriæ of Erasmus , Barclay's Euphormio , and a Volume of statemenmt German Authors, which my ingenious Friend Mr. Charles Killigrew once lent me.

In the English I remember none, which are mix'd with Prose, as Varro's were: But of the and scientific communication same kind is statemenmt, Mother Hubbard's Tale in essay letter size Spencer ; and (if it be not too vain, to mention any thing of my own) the statemenmt Poems of Absalom , and Mac Fleckno . [72] This is what I have to say in General of Satire: Only as Dacier has observ'd before me, we may take notice, That the word Satire is of a more general signification in Latin, than in thesis statemenmt French, or English. For amongst the Romans it was not only us'd for thesis statemenmt those Discourses which decry'd Vice, or expos'd Folly; but for others also, where Virtue was recommended. But in our Modern Languages we apply it only to invective Poems, where the very Name of Satire is formidable to those Persons, who wou'd appear to the World, what they are not in themselves. For in English, to say Satire, is to mean Reflection, as we use that word in the worst Sense; or as the French call it, more properly, Medisance . In the Criticism of Spelling, it ought to be with i and not with y ; to distinguish its true derivation from Satura , not from Satyrus . And if this be so, then 'tis false spell'd throughout this Book: For here 'tis written Satyr. Which having not consider'd at the first, I thought it not worth Correcting afterwards. But the French are more nice, and never spell it any other ways than Satire. [73] I am now arriv'd at the most difficult part of essay of the my Undertaking, which is, to compare Horace with Juvenal and Persius : 'Tis observ'd by thesis Rigaltius , in his Preface before Juvenal , written to Thuanus , that these three Poets have all their particular Partisans , and Favourers: Every Commentator, as he has taken pains with any of them, thinks himself oblig'd to prefer his Author to the other two: To find out their Failings, and decry them, that he may make room for his own Darling. Expository Essay Format! Such is the partiality of thesis Mankind, to set up that Interest which they have once espous'd, though it be to the prejudice of Truth, Morality, and common Justice. And especially in the productions of the need to write an essay Brain. As Authors generally think themselves the best Poets, because they cannot go out of thesis statemenmt themselves, to need judge sincerely of their Betters: So it is with Critiques, who, having first taken a liking to statemenmt one of these Poets, proceed to marketing Comment on him, and to Illustrate him; after which they fall in love with their own Labours, to that degree of blind fondness, that at length they defend and thesis, exalt their Author, not so much for his sake as for their own. [. . .] [74] It had been much fairer, if the Modern Critiques, who have imbark'd in the Quarrels of their favourite Authors, had rather given to each his proper due; without taking from another's heap, to raise their own. Formal Essay Letter Size! There is Praise enough for each of them in particular, without encroaching on his Fellows, and detracting from statemenmt, them, or Enriching themselves with the Spoils of others.

But to come to formal letter size particulars: Heinsius and Dacier , are the statemenmt most principal of those, who raise Horace above Juvenal and essay size, Persius . Scaliger the Father, Rigaltius , and many others, debase Horace , that they may set up Juvenal : And Casaubon , who is almost single, throws Dirt on Juvenal and Horace , that he may exalt Persius , whom he understood particularly well, and better than any of his former Commentators; even Stelluti who succeeded him. I will begin with him, who in thesis statemenmt my Opinion defends the weakest Cause, which is that of Persius ; and labouring, as Tacitus professes of his own Writing, to divest my self of partiality, or prejudice, consider Persius , not as a Poet, whom I have wholly Translated, and who has cost me more labour and time, than Juvenal ; but according to what I judge to be his own Merit; which I think not equal in the main, to that of essay of the civil war Juvenal or Horace ; and thesis, yet in some things to be preferr'd to paper both of them. [75] First, then, for the Verse, neither Casaubon himself, nor any for thesis him, can defend either his Numbers, or the Purity of his Latin. Casaubon gives this point for help to write lost; and thesis statemenmt, pretends not to of the war justifie either the Measures, or the Words of Persius : He is evidently beneath Horace and Juvenal , in both. [76] Then, as his Verse is scabrous, and hobbling, and his Words not every where well chosen, the purity of Latin being more corrupted, than in the time of thesis Juvenal , and consequently of Horace , who writ when the Language was in mix essay the heighth of thesis its perfection; so his diction is hard; his Figures are generally too bold and daring; and his Tropes, particularly his Metaphors, insufferably strain'd. Size! [79] To consider Persius yet more closely: He rather insulted over Vice and Folly, than expos'd them, like Juvenal and Horace . And as Chaste, and Modest as he is esteem'd, it cannot be deny'd, but that in some places, he is broad and statemenmt, fulsom, as the thesis statemenmt latter Verses of the Fourth Satire, and of the Sixth, sufficiently witness. And 'tis to be believ'd, that he who commits the same Crime often, and without Necessity, cannot but do it with some kind of Pleasure. [80] To come to a conclusion, He is manifestly below Horace ; because he borrows most of his greatest Beauties from him: And Casaubon is so far from denying this; that he has written a Treatise purposely concerning it; wherein he shews a multitude of his Translations from Horace , and thesis, his imitations of him, for the Credit of his Author; which he calls Imitatio Horatiana . New Essays! [81] To these defects, which I casually observ'd, while I was Translating this Author, Scaliger has added others: He calls him, in plain terms, a silly Writer, and a trifler; full of Ostentation of his Learning; and after all, unworthy to come into thesis, Competition with Juvenal and Horace . [87] The Comparison betwixt Horace and Juvenal is more difficult; because their Forces were more equal: A Dispute has always been, and ever will continne, betwixt the Favourers of the two Poets. Non nostrum est tantas componere lites. I shall only venture to give my own Opinion, and leave it for better Judges to determine. If it be only argu'd in general, which of help to write an essay them was the better Poet; the thesis statemenmt Victory is already gain'd on the side of Horace . Virgil himself must yield to him in the delicacy of his Turns, his choice of Words, and marketing paper, perhaps the Purity of his Latin. He who says that Pindar is inimitable, is himself inimitable in thesis statemenmt his Odes . But the Contention betwixt these two great Masters, is for the Prize of Satire. In which Controversie, all the Odes , and Epodes of Horace are to marketing mix essay paper stand excluded. I say this, because Horace has written many of them Satirically, against his private Enemies: Yet these, if justly consider'd, are somewhat of the Nature of the Greek Silli , which were Invectives against particular Sects and Persons.

But Horace had purg'd himself of this Choler, before he enter'd on those Discourses, which are more properly call'd the Roman Satire: He has not now to do with a Lyce , a Canidia , a Cassius Severus , or a Menas ; but is to correct the Vices and the Follies of his Time, and to give the thesis Rules of a Happy and Virtuous Life. In a word, that former sort of Satire, which is known in England by the Name of Lampoon, is a dangerous sort of Weapon, and for the most part Unlawful. Mix Essay Paper! We have no Moral right on statemenmt, the Reputation of other Men. 'Tis taking from new essays in technical research practice, them, what we cannot restore to them. There are only two Reasons, for which we may be permitted to write Lampoons; and thesis, I will not promise that they can always justifie us: The first is Revenge, when we have been affronted in the same Nature, or have been any ways notoriously abus'd and can make our selves no other Reparation. Civil War! And yet we know, that, in Christian Charity, all Offences are to be forgiven; as we expect the like Pardon for statemenmt those which we daily commit against new essays in technical and scientific research theory Almighty God. And this Consideration has often made me tremble when I was saying our Saviour's Prayer; for the plain Condition of the forgiveness which we beg, is the statemenmt pardoning of others the Offences which they have done to us: For which Reason I have many times avoided the Commission of that Fault; ev'n when I have been notoriously provok'd. Formal Essay! Let not this, my Lord, pass for Vanity in me: For 'tis truth. Thesis! More Libels have been written against me, than almost any Man now living: And I had Reason on my side, to have defended my own Innocence: I speak not of my Poetry, which I have wholly given up to the Criticks; let them use it, as they please; Posterity, perhaps, may be more favourable to me: For Interest and Passion, will lye bury'd in marketing mix essay another Age: And Partiality and Prejudice be forgotten. Statemenmt! I speak of my Morals, which have been sufficiently aspers'd: That only mix essay paper sort of Reputation ought to be dear to every honest Man, and is to me.

But let the World witness for me, that I have been often wanting to my self in that particular; I have seldom answer'd any scurrilous Lampoon: When it was in my power to have expos'd my Enemies: And being naturally vindicative, have suffer'd in silence; and possess'd my Soul in quiet. [88] Any thing, tho' never so little, which a Man speaks of himself, in my Opinion, is still too much, and statemenmt, therefore I will wave this Subject; and proceed to give the second Reason, which may justifie a Poet, when he writes against a particular Person; and that is, when he is become a Publick Nuisance. Help To Write An Essay! All those, whom Horace in his Satires, and Persius and thesis statemenmt, Juvenal have mention'd in statemenmt theirs, with a Brand of infamy, are wholly such. Statemenmt! 'Tis an Action of marketing paper Virtue to make Examples of vicious Men. They may and ought to statemenmt be upbraided with their Crimes and Follies: Both for their own amendment, if they are not yet incorrigible; and for the Terrour of others, to hinder them from falling into statemenmt, those Enormities, which they see are so severely punish'd, in the Persons of others: The first Reason was only an Excuse for thesis Revenge: But this second is absolutely of a Poet's Office to perform: But how few Lampooners are there now living, who are capable of this Duty! When they come in my way, 'tis impossible sometimes to avoid reading them. But, good God, how remote they are in common Justice, from the choice of such Persons as are the proper Subject of Satire! And how little Wit they bring, for the support of their injustice! The weaker Sex is their most ordinary Theme: And the best and fairest are sure to be the most severely handled. Amongst Men, those who are prosperously unjust, are Intitled to formal letter size a Panegyrick. Thesis Statemenmt! But afflicted Virtue is insolently stabb'd with all manner of Reproaches. No Decency is new essays and scientific theory, consider'd, no fulsomness omitted; no Venom is wanting, as far as dullness can supply it. For there is a perpetual Dearth of statemenmt Wit; a Barrenness of good Sense, and Entertainment.

The neglect of the Readers, will soon put an end to this sort of scribling. There can be no pleasantry where there is essay format, no Wit: No Impression can be made, where there is no Truth for the Foundation. To conclude, they are like the Fruits of the Earth in this unnatural Season: The Corn which held up its Head, is statemenmt, spoil'd with rankness: But the greater part of the Harvest is laid along, and in technical research theory, little of good Income, and thesis statemenmt, wholesom Nourishment is essay of the war, receiv'd into thesis statemenmt, the Barns. This is marketing paper, almost a digression, I confess to your Lordship; but a just indignation forc'd it from statemenmt, me. Now I have remov'd this Rubbish, I will return to the Comparison of Juvenal and Horace . [89] I wou'd willingly divide the Palm betwixt them; upon the two Heads of Profit and Delight, which are the two Ends of Poetry in need help to write an essay general. It must be granted by the Favourers of thesis statemenmt Juvenal , that Horace is the more Copious, and Profitable in his Instructions of Humane Life. In Technical Theory Practice! But in my particular Opinion, which I set not up for a Standard to better Judgments, Juvenal is the more delightful Author.

I am profited by both, I am pleas'd with both; but I owe more to Horace for my Instruction; and thesis, more to statemenmt Juvenal , for my Pleasure. This, as I said, is my particular Taste of statemenmt these two Authors: They who will have either of statemenmt them to excel the other in both qualities, can scarce give better Reasons for their Opinion, than I for mine: But all unbiass'd Readers, will conclude, that my Moderation is not to be Condemn'd: To such Impartial Men I must appeal: For they who have already form'd their Judgment, may justly stand suspected of prejudice; and statemenmt, tho all who are my Readers, will set up to be my Judges, I enter my Caveat against them, that they ought not so much as to be of thesis statemenmt my Jury. Or, if they be admitted, 'tis but Reason, that they shou'd first hear, what I have to urge in thesis statemenmt the Defence of my Opinion. [90] That Horace is somewhat the better Instructor of the two, is war, prov'd from thesis, hence, that his Instructions are more general: Juvenal's more limited. So that granting, that the Counsels which they give, are equally good for Moral Use; Horace , who gives the most various Advice, and most applicable to all Occasions, which can occurr to us, in need an essay the course of our Lives; as including in thesis his Discourses, not only all the Rules of Morality, but also of Civil Conversation; is, undoubtedly, to be preferr'd to him, who is more circumscrib'd in his Instructions, makes them to fewer People, and on fewer Occasions, than the other. Thesis! I may be pardon'd for using an Old Saying, since 'tis true, and to the purpose, Bonum que communius, eo melius. Juvenal , excepting only his first Satire, is in all the rest confin'd, to the exposing of some particuler Vice; that he lashes, and there he sticks.

His Sentences are truly shining and instructive: But they are sprinkl'd here and there. Statemenmt! Horace is teaching us in every Line, and is perpetually Moral; he had found out the Skill of Virgil , to hide his Sentences: To give you the Virtue of them, without shewing them in essay of the civil their full extent: Which is the Ostentation of a Poet, and not his Art: And this Petronius charges on the Authors of his Time, as a Vice of Writing, which was then growing on the Age. Ne Sententiæ extra Corpus Orationis emineant : He wou'd have them weav'd into the Body of the statemenmt Work, and essay, not appear emboss'd upon it, and striking directly on the Reader's view. Folly was the proper Quarry of statemenmt Horace , and not Vice: And, as there are but few Notoriously Wicked Men, in comparison with a Shoal of Fools, and Fops; so 'tis a harder thing to make a Man Wise, than to make him Honest: For the formal essay Will is only to be reclaim'd in thesis statemenmt the one; but the Understanding is to be inform'd in the other. There are Blind-sides and Follies, even in war the Professors of Moral Philosophy; and there is statemenmt, not any one Sect of thesis statemenmt them that Horace has not expos'd. Which as it was not the Design of Juvenal , who was wholly employ'd in thesis statemenmt lashing Vices, some of them the most enormous that can be imagin'd; so perhaps, it was not so much his Talent. Omne vafer vitium ridenti Flaccus amico, tangit, admissus circum præcordia ludit. This was the Commendation which Persius gave him: Where by Vitium , he means those little Vices, which we call Follies, the thesis defects of Humane Understanding, or at most the Peccadillos of Life, rather than the Tragical Vices, to which Men are hurri'd by their unruly Passions and exorbitant Desires. But in the word omne , which is universal, he concludes, with me, that the Divine Wit of Horace , left nothing untouch'd; that he enter'd into the inmost Recesses of Nature; found out the Imperfections even of the most Wise and Grave, as well as of the Common People: Discovering, even in the great Trebatius , to whom he addresses the first Satire, his hunting after Business, and following the Court, as well as in the Persecutor Crispinus , his impertinence and importunity. 'Tis true, he exposes Crispinus openly, as a common Nuisance: But he rallies the statemenmt other, as a Friend, more finely. The Exhortations of in technical and scientific Persius are confin'd to thesis Noblemen: And the Stoick Philosophy, is that alone, which he recommends to them: Juvenal Exhorts to particular Virtues, as they are oppos'd to statemenmt those Vices against which he declaims: But Horace laughs to thesis statemenmt shame, all Follies, and new essays communication research practice, insinuates Virtue, rather by thesis familiar Examples, than by the severity of Precepts. [91] This last Consideration seems to incline the Ballance on the side of Horace , and to give him the essay of the war preference to statemenmt Juvenal , not only in Profit, but in Pleasure.

But, after all, I must confess, that the Delight which Horace gives me, is but languishing. Be pleas'd still to understand, that I speak of my own Taste only: He may Ravish other Men; but I am too stupid and insensible, to be tickl'd. Where he barely grins himself, and, as Scaliger says, only shews his white Teeth, he cannot provoke me to any Laughter. His Urbanity, that is, his Good Manners, are to of the civil be commended, but his Wit is faint; and his Salt, if I may dare to say so, almost insipid. Juvenal is of a more vigorous and Masculine Wit, he gives me as much Pleasure as I can bear: He fully satisfies my Expectation, he Treats his Subject home: His Spleen is thesis statemenmt, rais'd, and he raises mine: I have the Pleasure of Concernment in all he says; He drives his Reader along with him; and when he is at the end of his way, I willingly stop with him: If he went another Stage, it wou'd be too far, it wou'd make a Journey of a Progress, and turn Delight into Fatigue. When he gives over, 'tis a sign the Subject is exhausted; and the Wit of Man can carry it no farther. If a Fault can be justly found in him; 'tis that he is sometimes too luxuriant, too redundant; says more than he needs, like my Friend the Plain Dealer , but never more than pleases. Add to this, that his Thoughts are as just as those of Horace , and much more Elevated. His Expressions are Sonorous and more Noble; his Verse more numerous, and his Words are suitable to his Thoughts; sublime and lofty. All these contribute to the Pleasure of the Reader, and the greater the statemenmt Soul of him who Reads, his Transports are the greater. Horace is thesis, always on the Amble, Juvenal on the Gallop: But his way is perpetually on Carpet Ground.

He goes with more impetuosity than Horace ; but as securely; and the swiftness adds a more lively agitation to the Spirits. The low Style of Horace , is according to his Subject; that is generally groveling. I question not but he cou'd have rais'd it. For the First Epistle of the Second Book, which he writes to Augustus , (a most instructive Satire concerning Poetry,) is of so much Dignity in the Words, and of so much Elegancy in thesis the Numbers, that the Author plainly shews, the Sermo Pedestris , in his other Satires, was rather his Choice than his Necessity. He was a Rival to Lucilius his Predecessor; and was resolv'd to surpass him in his own Manner. Lucilius , as we see by his remaining Fragments, minded neither his Style nor his Numbers, nor his purity of words, nor his run of Verse.

Horace therefore copes with him in that humble way of Satire. Writes under his own force, and carries a dead Weight, that he may match his Competitor in the Race. Statemenmt! This I imagine was the chief Reason, why he minded only the clearness of his Satire, and the cleanness of Expression, without ascending to essay letter those heights, to which his own vigour might have carri'd him. But limiting his desires only to the Conquest of Lucilius , he had his Ends of his Rival, who liv'd before him; but made way for thesis a new Conquest over himself, by marketing mix essay Juvenal his Successor. Thesis Statemenmt! He cou'd not give an equal pleasure to his Reader, because he us'd not equal Instruments. The fault was in the Tools, and not in statemenmt the Workman. But Versification, and Numbers, are the statemenmt greatest Pleasures of need to write Poetry: Virgil knew it, and thesis, practis'd both so happily; that for ought I know, his greatest Excellency is in his Diction.

In all other parts of Poetry, he is faultless; but in this he plac'd his chief perfection. And give me leave, my Lord, since I have here an apt occasion, to say, that Virgil , cou'd have written sharper Satires, than either Horace or Juvenal , if he wou'd have employ'd his Talent, that way. I will produce a Verse and half of his, in new essays and scientific communication research one of his Eclogues, to justifie my Opinion: And with Comma's after every Word, to shew, that he has given almost as many lashes, as he has written Syllables. Statemenmt! 'Tis against a bad Poet; whose ill Verses he describes. Non tu, in triviis, indocte, solebas, stridenti, miserum, stipula, disperdere carmen? But to return to my purpose, when there is any thing deficient in Numbers, and Sound, the Reader is uneasie, and unsatisfi'd; he wants something of his Complement, desires somewhat which he finds not: And this being the manifest defect of Horace , 'tis no wonder, that finding it supply'd in Juvenal , we are more Delighted with him. And besides this, the expository essay Sauce of Juvenal is more poignant, to create in us an Appetite of Reading him.

The Meat of Horace is more nourishing; but the Cookery of Juvenal more exquisite; so that, granting Horace to thesis be the expository more general Philosopher; we cannot deny, that Juvenal was the greater Poet. I mean in Satire. His Thoughts are sharper, his Indignation against Vice is statemenmt, more vehement; his Spirit has more of the of the Commonwealth Genius; he treats Tyranny, and all the Vices attending it, as they deserve, with the utmost rigour: And consequently, a Noble Soul is better pleas'd with a Zealous Vindicator of thesis statemenmt Roman Liberty; than with a Temporizing Poet, a well Manner'd Court Slave, and a Man who is often afraid of Laughing in the right place: Who is ever decent, because he is naturally servile. After all, Horace had the disadvantage of the Times in which he liv'd; they were better for the Man, but worse for the Satirist. 'Tis generally said, that those Enormous Vices, which were practis'd under the Reign of Domitian , were unknown in the Time of thesis Augustus Cæsar . That therefore Juvenal had a larger Field, than Horace . Little Follies were out of doors, when Oppression was to statemenmt be scourg'd instead of Avarice: It was no longer time to turn into Ridicule, the false Opinions of statemenmt Philosophers; when the Roman Liberty was to be asserted. There was more need of a Brutus in Domitian's Days, to redeem or mend, than of a Horace , if he had then been Living, to thesis statemenmt Laugh at a Fly-Catcher. This Reflection at the same time excuses Horace , but exalts Juvenal . I have ended, before I was aware, the Comparison of Horace and essay, Juvenal , upon the Topiques of Instruction and Delight; and indeed I may safely here conclude that common-place: For if we make Horace our Minister of State in Satire, and Juvenal of our private Pleasures: I think the latter has no ill bargain of statemenmt it.

Let Profit have the preheminence of Honour, in the End of Poetry. Pleasure, though but the second in degree, is the first in favour. And who wou'd not chuse to be lov'd better, rather than to be more esteem'd? But I am enter'd already upon another Topique; which concerns the essay format particular Merits of these two Satirists. However, I will pursue my business where I left it: And carry it farther than that common observation of the several Ages, in which these Authors Flourish'd.

When Horace writ his Satires, the statemenmt Monarchy of his Cæsar was in thesis its newness; and the Government but just made easie to thesis the Conquer'd People. They cou'd not possibly have forgotten the Usurpation of that Prince upon their Freedom, nor the violent Methods which he had us'd, in the compassing of that vast Design: They yet remember'd his Proscriptions, and and scientific communication research practice, the Slaughter of so many Noble Romans , their Defendors. Amongst the rest, that horrible Action of his, when he forc'd Livia from the Arms of her Husband, who was constrain'd to see her Marry'd, as Dion relates the Story; and, big with Child as she was, convey'd to the Bed of his insulting Rival. The same Dion Cassius gives us another instance of the Crime before mention'd: That Cornelius Sisenna , being reproach'd in full Senate, with the Licentious Conduct of thesis statemenmt his Wife, return'd this Answer; That he had Marry'd her by the Counsel of Augustus : Intimating, says my Author, that Augustus had oblig'd him to that Marriage, that he might, under that covert, have the more free access to her. His Adulteries were still before their Eyes, but they must be patient, where they had not power. Format! In other things that Emperor was Moderate enough: Propriety was generally secur'd; and the People entertain'd with publick Shows, and thesis statemenmt, Donatives, to make them more easily digest their lost Liberty. But Augustus , who was conscious to himself, of so many Crimes which he had committed, thought in to write the first place to provide for his own Reputation, by making an Edict against Lampoons and Satires, and thesis, the Authors of those defamatory Writings, which my Author Tacitus , from the paper Law-Term, calls famosos libellos . [94] Thus I have treated in a new Method, the Comparison betwixt Horace , Juvenal , and statemenmt, Persius ; somewhat of their particular manner belonging to format all of thesis them is yet remaining to be consider'd. Paper! Persius was Grave, and particularly oppos'd his Gravity to Lewdness, which was the Predominant Vice in Nero's Court, at the time when he publish'd his Satires, which was before that Emperour fell into the excess of statemenmt Cruelty.

Horace was a Mild Admonisher, a Court Satirist, fit for new essays research the gentle Times of Augustus , and more fit, for the Reasons which I have already given. Juvenal was as proper for his Times, as they for theirs. His was an Age that deserv'd a more severe Chastisement. Vices were more gross and open, more flagitious, more encourag'd by the Example of a Tyrant; and more protected by his Authority. Therefore, wheresoever Juvenal mentions Nero , he means Domitian , whom he dares not attack in his own Person, but Scourges him by Proxy. Heinsius urges in praise of thesis statemenmt Horace , that according to the Ancient Art and Law of Satire, it shou'd be nearer to Comedy, than to Tragedy; Not declaiming against Vice, but only laughing at formal essay, it.

Neither Persius , nor Juvenal were ignorant of this, for thesis statemenmt they had both study'd Horace . And the essay of the civil war thing it self is plainly true. But as they had read Horace , they had likewise read Lucilius , of whom Persius says secuit Urbem; genuinum fregit in illis ; meaning Mutius and Lupus : And Juvenal also mentions him in thesis these words, Ense velut stricto, quoties Lucilius ardens Infremuit , c. So that they thought the imitation of new essays in technical research theory Lucilius was more proper to their purpose than that of Horace . They chang'd Satire, says Holiday ; but they chang'd it for the better; For the business being to Reform great Vices, Chastisement goes farther than Admonition; whereas a perpetual Grinn, like that of Horace , does rather anger than amend a Man. [95] Thus far that Learned Critick, Barten Holiday , whose Interpretation, and Illustrations of Juvenal are as Excellent, as the thesis statemenmt Verse of his Translation and his English are lame, and pitiful. Letter Size! For 'tis not enough to statemenmt give us the meaning of a Poet, which I acknowledge him to have perform'd most faithfully; but he must also imitate his Genius, and his Numbers; as far as the English will come up to the Elegance of the Original. In few words, 'tis only for a Poet to Translate a Poet. Holiday and expository, Stapylton had not enough consider'd this, when they attempted Juvenal : But I forbear Reflections; only I beg leave to take notice of this Sentence, where Holiday says, A perpetual Grinn, like that of thesis statemenmt Horace, rather angers than amends a Man . I cannot give him up the Manner of Horace in low Satire so easily: Let the Chastisements of Juvenal be never so necessary for his new kind of Satire; let him declaim as wittily and sharply as he pleases, yet still the nicest and marketing mix essay, most delicate touches of Satire consist in thesis fine Raillery. Mix Essay Paper! This, my Lord, is your particular Talent, to which even Juvenal could not arrive. 'Tis not Reading, 'tis not imitation of an Author, which can produce this fineness: It must be inborn, it must proceed from a Genius, and thesis statemenmt, particular way of thinking, which is not to to write be taught; and therefore not to be imitated by him who has it not from Nature: How easie it is to call Rogue and Villain, and that wittily? But how hard to make a Man appear a Fool, a Blockhead, or a Knave, without using any of those opprobrious terms? To spare the grossness of the Names, and to do the statemenmt thing yet more severely, is to draw a full Face, and to make the mix essay paper Nose and Cheeks stand out, and yet not to employ any depth of Shadowing.

This is the thesis Mystery of thesis that Noble Trade; which yet no Master can teach to statemenmt his Apprentice: He may give the need help an essay Rules, but the Scholar is thesis, never the nearer in his practice. Neither is it true, that this fineness of Raillery is offensive. Need To Write! A witty Man is tickl'd while he is hurt in this manner and thesis statemenmt, a Fool feels it not. Essay Of The Civil! The occasion of an Offence may possibly be given, but he cannot take it. If it be granted that in effect this way does more Mischief; that a Man is secretly wounded, and though he be not sensible himself, yet the malicious World will find it for statemenmt him: Yet there is still a vast difference betwixt the slovenly Butchering of a Man, and the fineness of a stroak that separates the Head from the Body, and leaves it standing in its place. A man may be capable, as Jack Ketche 's Wife said of essay size his Servant, of a plain piece of Work, a bare Hanging; but to make a Malefactor die sweetly, was only belonging to her Husband. I wish I cou'd apply it to my self, if the Reader wou'd be kind enough to think it belongs to me.

The Character of Zimri in my Absalom , is, in my Opinion, worth the whole Poem: 'Tis not bloody, but 'tis ridiculous enough. And he for whom it was intended, was too witty to resent it as an injury. If I had rail'd, I might have suffer'd for it justly: But I manag'd my own Work more happily, perhaps more dextrously. I avoided the mention of great Crimes, and apply'd my self to the representing of Blind-sides, and statemenmt, little Extravagancies: To which, the wittier a Man is, he is generally the more obnoxious. It succeeded as I wish'd; the Jest went round, and he was laught at in his turn who began the Frolick. [96] And thus, My Lord, you see I have preferr'd the Manner of marketing mix essay Horace , and of your Lordship, in this kind of Satire, to that of Juvenal ; and I think, reasonably.

Holiday ought not to have Arraign'd so Great an Author, for that which was his Excellency and his Merit: Or if he did, on such a palpable mistake, he might expect, that some one might possibly arise, either in his own Time, or after him, to rectifie his Error, and restore to Horace , that Commendation, of which he has so unjustly robb'd him. And let the Manes of Juvenal forgive me, if I say, that this way of Horace was the best, for amending Manners, as it is the most difficult. Thesis Statemenmt! His was, an need help Ense rescindendum ; but that of Horace was a Pleasant Cure, with all the Limbs preserv'd entire: And as our Mountebanks tell us in their Bills, without keeping the thesis statemenmt Patient within Doors for help to write a Day. Thesis! What they promise only, Horace has effectually Perform'd: Yet I contradict not the Proposition which I formerly advanc'd: Juvenal 's Times requir'd a more painful kind of Operation: But if he had liv'd in the Age of Horace , I must needs affirm, that he had it not about him. He took the thesis statemenmt Method which was prescrib'd him by thesis his own Genius; which was sharp and new essays and scientific communication research practice, eager; he cou'd not Rally, but he cou'd Declame: And as his provocations were great, he has reveng'd them Tragically. This notwithstanding, I am to say another Word, which, as true as it is, will yet displease the partial Admirers of our Horace . I have hinted it before; but tis time for thesis me now to speak more plainly. [97] This Manner of Horace is indeed the best; but Horace has not executed it, altogether so happily, at least not often.

The Manner of Juvenal is confess'd to essay of the civil war be Inferior to the former; but Juvenal , has excell'd him in his Performance. Juvenal has rail'd more wittily than Horace has rally'd. Thesis! Horace means to make his Reader Laugh; but he is in technical communication theory, not sure of his Experiment. Juvenal always intends to statemenmt move your Indignation; and he always brings about thesis his purpose. Horace , for ought I know, might have tickl'd the People of his Age; but amongst the Moderns he is not so Successfull. They who say he Entertains so Pleasantly, may perhaps value themselves on the quickness of their own Understandings, that they can see a Jest farther off than other men. They may find occasion of Laughter, in the Wit-battel of the Two Buffoons, Sarmentus and Cicerrus : And hold their sides for fear of bursting, when Rupilius and Persius are Scolding. For my own part, I can only like the Characters of all Four, which are judiciously given: But for my heart I cannot so much as smile at their Insipid Raillery. I see not why Persius shou'd call upon thesis, Brutus , to statemenmt revenge him on his Adversary: And that because he had kill'd Julius Cesar , for thesis statemenmt endeavouring to be a King, therefore he shou'd be desir'd to Murther Rupilius , only because his Name was Mr.

King . A miserable Clench, in my Opinion, for Horace to Record: I have heard honest Mr. Swan make many a better, and yet have had the essay letter size Grace to hold my Countenance. But it may be Puns were then in Fashion, as they were Wit in the Sermons of the last Age, and in the Court of King Charles the Second. I am sorry to say it, for the sake of Horace ; but certain it is, he has no fine Palate who can feed so heartily on Garbidge. [98] But I have already wearied my self, and statemenmt, doubt not but I have tir'd your Lordships Patience, with this long rambling, and I fear, trivial Discourse. Upon the one half of the Merits, that is, Pleasure, I cannot but conclude that Juvenal was the better Satirist: They who will descend into his particular Praises, may find them at large, in the Dissertation of the Learned Rigaltius to Thuanus . As for Persius , I have given the Reasons, why I think him Inferior to both of them.

Yet I have one thing to add on that Subject. [99] Barten Holiday , who Translated both Juvenal and marketing mix essay, Persius , has made this distinction betwixt them, which is no less true than Witty; that, in Persius the difficulty is to find a Meaning; in Juvenal , to chuse a Meaning: So Crabbed is Persius , and so Copious is Juvenal : So much the Understanding is employ'd in one; and so much the Judgment in the other. So difficult it is, to find any Sense in the former, and thesis statemenmt, the best Sense of the latter. [100] If, on the other side, any one suppose I have commended Horace below his Merit, when I have allow'd him but the Second Place, I desire him to consider, if Juvenal , a Man of Excellent Natural Endowments, besides the advantages of Diligence and Study, and coming after him, and Building upon his Foundations might not probably, with all these helps, surpass him? And whether it be any dishonour to Horace , to be thus surpass'd; since no Art, or Science, is at once begun and format, perfected, but that it must pass first through many hands, and even through several Ages? If Lucilius cou'd add to Ennius , and Horace to Lucilius , why, without any diminution to the Fame of Horace , might not Juvenal give the last perfection to that Work? Or rather, what disreputation is it to Horace , that Juvenal Excels in the Tragical Satyre, as Horace does in the Comical? I have read over attentively, both Heinsius and Dacier , in their Commendations of Horace : But I can find no more in either of them, for the preference of him to Juvenal , than the Instructive Part; the statemenmt Part of Wisdom, and marketing, not that of Pleasure; which therefore is here allow'd him, notwithstanding what Scaliger and Rigaltius have pleaded to the contrary for Juvenal . And to shew I am Impartial, I will here Translate what Dacier has said on that Subject. [101] I cannot give a more just Idea of the Two Books of Satires, made by Horace , than by compairing them to thesis the Statues of the Sileni , to which Alcbiades compares Socrates , in the Symposium.

They were Figures, which had nothing of agreeable, nothing of Beauty on their out thesis side: But when any one took the Pains to open them, and search into them, he there found the Figures of thesis all the size Deities. So, in the Shape that Horace Presents himself to us, in thesis his Satires, we see nothing at need an essay, the first View, which deserves our Attention. It seems that he is rather an Amusement for thesis statemenmt Children, than for the serious consideration of formal essay Men. But when we take away his Crust, and that which hides him from our sight; when we discover him to the bottom, then we find all the Divinities in a full Assembly: That is to say, all the Virtues, which ought to be the continual exercise of thesis statemenmt those, who seriously endeavour to Correct their Vices. [102] 'Tis easy to expository format Observe, that Dacier , in this Noble Similitude, has confin'd the Praise of his Author, wholly to the Instructive Part: The commendation turns on this, and so does that which follows. [103] In these Two Books of thesis Satire, 'tis the mix essay business of Horace to thesis statemenmt instruct us how to combat our Vices, to regulate our Passions, to follow Nature, to give Bounds to our desires, to Distinguish betwixt Truth and marketing paper, Falshood, and betwixt our Conceptions of Things, and Things themselves. To come back from our prejudicate Opinions, to thesis understand exactly the Principles and Motives of format all our Actions; and to avoid the Ridicule, into which all men necessarily fall, who are Intoxicated with those Notions, which they have received from their Masters; and which they obstinately retain, without examining whether or no they are founded on right Reason. [104] In a Word, he labours to render us happy in relation to our selves, agreeable and faithful to our Friends, and discreet, serviceable, and well bred in relation to those with whom we are oblig'd to thesis statemenmt live, and to statemenmt converse. To make his Figures Intelligible, to conduct his Readers through the Labyrinth of some perplex'd Sentence, or obscure Parenthesis, is no great matter. And as Epictetus says, there is nothing of Beauty in all this, or what is worthy of a Prudent Man. The Principal business, and which is of most Importance to us, is to shew the Use, the Reason, and the Proof of his Precepts. [105] They who endeavour not to correct themselves, according to thesis statemenmt so exact a Model; are just like the Patients, who have open before them a Book of Admirable Receipts, for their Diseases, and please themselves with reading it, without Comprehending the Nature of the Remedies; or how to apply them to their Cure. [106] Let Horace go off with these Encomiums, which he has so well deserv'd. Paper! [107] To conclude the thesis contention betwixt our Three Poets, I will use the Words of Virgil , in his Fifth Æneid , where Æneas proposes the Rewards of the thesis Foot-Race, to thesis the Three first, who shou'd reach the Goal Tres præmia primi, accipient; flavaque Caput nectentur Olivâ : Let these Three Ancients be preferr'd to all the Moderns; as first arriving at the Goal: Let them all be Crown'd as Victours; with the Wreath that properly belongs to formal essay size Satire. But, after that, with this distinction amongst themselves, Primus equum phaleris insignem, Victor habeto . Let Juvenal Ride first in Triumph.

Alter Amazoniam, pharetram; plenamque Sagittis Threiciis, lato quam circumplectitur auro Balteus, tereti Subnectit Fibula gemmâ. Let Horace who is the Second, and thesis statemenmt, but just the Second, carry off the Quivers, and the Arrows; as the Badges of need help an essay his Satire, and the Golden Belt, and the Diamond Button. Tertius, Argolico hoc Clypeo contentus abito. And let Persius , the last of the first Three Worthies, be contented with this Grecian Shield, and with Victory not only over thesis statemenmt all the Grecians , who were Ignorant of the Roman Satire, but over practice all the Moderns in Succeeding Ages; excepting Boileau and your Lordship. [108] And thus, I have given the History of Satire, and deriv'd it as far as from Ennius , to your Lordship; that is, from its first Rudiments of Barbarity, to its last Polishing and thesis statemenmt, Perfection: Which is, with Virgil , in his Address to Augustus ; Tithoni primâ quot abest ab origine Cæsar. I said only from Ennius ; but I may safely carry it higher, as far as Livius Andronicus ; who, as I have said formerly, taught the first Play at Rome in the Year ab urbe conditâ , 514. I have since desir'd my Learn'd Friend, Mr. Maidwell , to compute the expository format difference of statemenmt Times, betwixt Aristophanes , and paper, Livius Andronicus ; and he assures me, from the best Chronologers, that Plutus , the thesis statemenmt last of Aristophanes's his Plays, was Represented at Athens , in the Year of the formal 97th Olympiad; which agrees with the Year Urbis Conditæ 364: So that the difference of Years betwixt Aristophanes and thesis statemenmt, Andronicus is 150; from whence I have probably deduc'd, that Livius Andronicus , who was a Grecian , had read the Plays of the Old Comedy, which were Satyrical, and also of the New; for statemenmt Menander was fifty Years before him, which must needs be a great light to him, in his own Plays; that were of the thesis Satirical Nature. That the Romans had Farces before this, 'tis true; but then they had no Communication with Greece : So that Andronicus was the first, who wrote after the manner of the thesis statemenmt Old Comedy, in thesis statemenmt his Plays; he was imitated by Ennius , about Thirty Years afterwards. Though the former writ Fables; the latter, speaking properly, began the Roman Satire.

According to that Description, which Juvenal gives of it in his First; Quicquid agunt homines votum, timor, ira, voluptas, gaudia, discursus, nostri est farrago libelli . This is that in which I have made bold to formal essay letter size differ from Casaubon , Rigaltius , Dacier , and indeed, from all the Modern Critiques, that not Ennius , but Andronicus was the First; who by the Archæa Comedia of the Greeks , added many Beauties to the first Rude and Barbarous Roman , Satire: Which sort of Poem, tho' we had not deriv'd from Rome , yet Nature teaches it Mankind, in all Ages, and in every Country. [109] 'Tis but necessary, that after so much has been said of Satire, some Definition of it should be given. Heinsius , in his Dissertations on Horace , makes it for me, in thesis these words; Satire is statemenmt, a kind of Poetry, without a Series of Action, invented for the purging of our Minds; in which Humane Vices, Ignorance, and Errors, and all things besides, which are produc'd from them, in every Man, are severely Reprehended; partly Dramatically, partly Simply, and thesis, sometimes in formal size both kinds of statemenmt speaking; but for the most part Figuratively, and Occultly; consisting in a low familiar way, chiefly in a sharp and pungent manner of mix essay Speech; but partly, also, in a Facetious and Civil way of Jesting; by which, either Hatred, or Laughter, or Indignation is mov'd. Where I cannot but observe, that this obscure and perplex'd Definition, or rather Description of Satire, is wholly accommodated to the Horatian way; and excluding the thesis Works of Juvenal and Persius , as foreign from that kind of Poem: The Clause in the beginning of it (without a Series of Action) distinguishes Satire properly from Stage-Plays, which are all of one Action, and essay letter, one continu'd Series of thesis Action. The End or Scope of Satire is to purge the formal letter Passions; so far it is common to the Satires of Juvenal and thesis, Persius : The rest which follows, is also generally belonging to all three; till he comes upon us, with the thesis statemenmt Excluding Clause ( consisting in a low familiar way of statemenmt Speech ) which is the proper Character of Horace ; and from which, the other two, for their Honour be it spoken, are far distant. Expository Essay Format! But how come Lowness of thesis statemenmt Style, and the Familiarity of Words to be so much the essay war Propriety of Satire, that without them, a Poet can be no more a Satirist, than without Risibility he can be a Man? Is the fault of Horace to be made the Virtue, and thesis statemenmt, Standing Rule of this Poem? Is the Grande Sophos of Persius , and the Sublimity of Juvenal to be circumscrib'd, with the meanness of statemenmt Words and vulgarity of Expression? If Horace refus'd the pains of statemenmt Numbers, and the loftiness of Figures, are they bound to follow so ill a Precedent? Let him walk a Foot with his Pad in essay letter his Hand, for his own pleasure; but let not them be accounted no Poets, who choose to mount, and shew their Horsmanship.

Holiday is not afraid to say, that there was never such a fall, as from his Odes to his Satires, and that he, injuriously to himself, untun'd his Harp. The Majestique way of Persius and Juvenal was new when they began it; but 'tis old to statemenmt us; and what Poems have not, with Time, receiv'd an Alteration in their Fashion? Which Alteration, says Holiday , is to after-times, as good a Warrant as the first. Has not Virgil chang'd the Manners of Homer 's Hero's in his Æneis ? certainly he has, and for the better. For Virgil' s Age was more Civiliz'd, and better Bred; and he writ according to the Politeness of Rome , under the in technical research Reign of Augustus Cæsar ; not to thesis the Rudeness of Agamemnon 's Age, or the Times of practice Homer . Why shou'd we offer to confine free Spirits to one Form, when we cannot so much as confine our Bodies to one Fashion of Apparel? Wou'd not Donn 's Satires, which abound with so much Wit, appear more Charming, if he had taken care of his Words, and of his Numbers? But he follow'd Horace so very close, that of necessity he must fall with him: And I may safely say it of this present Age. That if we are not so great Wits as Donn , yet, certainly, we are better Poets. [110] But I have said enough, and it may be, too much on thesis, this Subject.

Will your Lordship be pleas'd to prolong my Audience, only so far, till I tell you my own trivial Thoughts, how a Modern Satire shou'd be made. I will not deviate in the least from the Precepts and Examples of the mix essay paper Ancients, who were always our best Masters. Thesis Statemenmt! I will only illustrate them, and discover some of the hidden Beauties in their Designs, that we thereby may form our own in imitation of them. New Essays In Technical Communication Research Practice! Will you please but to observe, that Persius , the least in Dignity of all the Three, has, notwithstanding, been the first, who has discover'd to us this important Secret, in the designing of a perfect Satire; that it ought only to treat of statemenmt one Subject; to be confin'd to one particular Theme; or, at in technical communication practice, least, to one principally. Thesis! If other Vices occur in help to write the management of the Chief, they shou'd only be transiently lash'd, and not be insisted on, so as to make the statemenmt Design double. As in a Play of the English Fashion, which we call a Tragecomedy , there is to be but one main Design: And tho' there be an Under-plot, or Second Walk of Comical Characters and war, Adventures, yet they are subservient to the Chief Fable, carry'd along under it, and helping to it; so that the Drama may not seem a Monster with two Heads. Statemenmt! Thus the formal essay Copernican Systeme of the thesis Planets makes the Moon to be mov'd by the motion of the Earth, and carry'd about her Orb, as a Dependant of hers: Mascardi in his Discourse of the Doppia favola , or Double-tale in and scientific theory Plays, gives an Instance of it, in the famous Pastoral of Guarini , call'd Il Pastor Fido ; where Corisca and the Satyre are the Under-parts: Yet we may observe, that Corisca is brought into the Body of the Plot, and made subservient to it. 'Tis certain, that the Divine Wit of Horace , was not ignorant of this Rule, that a Play, though it consists of many parts, must yet be one in the Action, and must drive on the Accomplishment of thesis statemenmt one Design; for he gives this very Precept, Sit quodvis simplex duntaxat unum ; yet he seems not much to mind it in his Satires, many of them consisting of more Arguments than one; and the second without dependance on the first. Casaubon has observ'd this before me, in his Preference of Persius to expository format Horace : And will have his own belov'd Author to be the statemenmt first, who found out, and introduc'd this Method of confining himself to one Subject. I know it may be urg'd in defence of Horace , that this Unity is not necessary; because the very word Satura signifies a Dish plentifully stor'd with all variety of Fruits and essay of the civil war, Grains.

Yet Juvenal , who calls his Poems a Farrago , which is a word of the same signification with Satura ; has chosen to follow the same Method of Persius , and not of Horace . Thesis! And Boileau , whose Example alone is a sufficient Authority, has wholly confin'd himself, in all his Satires, to formal essay this Unity of thesis Design. That variety which is not to be found in any one Satire, is, at need to write, least, in many, written on several occasions. And if Variety be of absolute necessity in every one of them, according to the Etymology of the word; yet it may arise naturally from one Subject, as it is diversly treated, in the several Subordinate Branches of it; all relating to the Chief. It may be illustrated accordingly with variety of thesis Examples in the Subdivisions of it; and with as many Precepts as there are Members of it; which altogether may compleat that Olla , or Hotchpotch, which is properly a Satire. [111] Under this Unity of Theme, or Subject, is mix essay, comprehended another Rule for perfecting the Design of true Satire. The Poet is bound, and that ex Officio , to give his Reader some one Precept of thesis Moral Virtue; and to caution him against some one particular Vice or Folly: Other Virtues, subordinate to the first, may be recommended, under that Chief Head; and other Vices or Follies may be scourg'd, besides that which he principally intends. But he is chiefly to inculcate one Virtue, and insist on that. Thus Juvenal in every Satire, excepting the first, tyes himself to one principal Instructive Point, or to the shunning of Moral Evil.

Even in the Sixth, which seems only an thesis statemenmt Arraignment of the whole Sex of Womankind; there is a latent Admonition to avoid Ill Women, by thesis statemenmt shewing how very few, who are Virtuous and Good, are to be found amongst them. But this, tho' the Wittiest of need help to write an essay all his Satires, has yet the least of Truth or Instruction in it. He has run himself into his old declamatory way, and almost forgotten, that he was now setting up for a Moral Poet. [113] I have already declar'd, who are the only Persons that are the Adequate Object of Private Satire, and statemenmt, who they are that may properly be expos'd by Name for publick Examples of Vices and Follies; and in technical communication research practice, therefore I will trouble your Lordship no farther with them. Of the statemenmt best and finest manner of Satire, I have said enough in the Comparison betwixt Juvenal and Horace : 'Tis that sharp, well-manner'd way, of laughing a Folly out of Countenance, of which your Lordship is the best Master in statemenmt this Age. I will proceed to the Versification, which is most proper for thesis statemenmt it, and add somewhat to what I have said already on that Subject. The sort of Verse which is thesis statemenmt, call'd Burlesque , consisting of Eight Syllables, or Four Feet, is thesis statemenmt, that which our Excellent Hudibras has chosen. I ought to have mention'd him before, when I spoke of Donn ; but by a slip of an Old Man's Memory he was forgotten. The Worth of his Poem is too well known to need my Commendation, and he is above my Censure: His Satire is of the Varronian kind, though unmix'd with Prose.

The choice of his Numbers is suitable enough to his Design, as he has manag'd it. But in any other Hand, the shortness of his Verse, and the quick returns of Rhyme, had debas'd the Dignity of Style. And besides, the double Rhyme, (a necessary Companion of Burlesque Writing) is not so proper for Manly Satire, for it turns Earnest too much to Jest, and new essays in technical communication theory, gives us a Boyish kind of Pleasure. Statemenmt! It tickles aukwardly with a kind of pain, to the best sort of Readers; we are pleas'd ungratefully, and, if I may say so, against statemenmt our liking. We thank him not for giving us that unseasonable Delight, when we know he cou'd have given us a better, and more solid. He might have left that Task to others, who not being able to thesis statemenmt put in Thought, can only need make us grin with the Excrescence of a Word of two or three Syllables in thesis statemenmt the Close. 'Tis, indeed, below so great a Master to make use of such a little Instrument.

But his good Sense is perpetually shining through all he writes; it affords us not the time of finding Faults: We pass through the Levity of his Rhyme, and are immediately carri'd into some admirable useful Thought. After all, he has chosen this kind of Verse; and has written the best in it: And had he taken another, he wou'd always have excell'd. As we say of a Court-Favourite, that whatsoever his Office be, he still makes it uppermost, and most beneficial to himself. [114] The quickness of your Imagination, my Lord, has already prevented me; and you know before-hand, that I wou'd prefer the Verse of thesis statemenmt ten Syllables, which we call the English Heroique, to that of Eight. This is truly my Opinion. For this sort of Number is thesis, more Roomy. Essay Of The War! The Thought can turn it self with greater ease, in statemenmt a larger compass.

When the thesis statemenmt Rhyme comes too thick upon us; it streightens the Expression; we are thinking of the Close, when we shou'd be employ'd in adorning the Thought. Statemenmt! It makes a Poet giddy with turning in a Space too narrow for his Imagination. In Technical! He loses many Beauties without gaining one Advantage. For a Burlesque Rhyme, I have already concluded to be none; or if it were, 'tis more easily purchas'd in Ten Syllables than in thesis statemenmt Eight: In both occasions 'tis as in a Tennis-Court, when the Strokes of essay greater force, are given, when we strike out, and play at statemenmt, length. [. Essay Of The Civil War! . .] [128] Thus, my Lord, having troubl'd You with a tedious Visit, the best Manners will be shewn in the least Ceremony. I will slip away while Your Back is turn'd, and while You are otherwise employ'd: with great Confusion, for having entertain'd You so long with this Discourse; and for having no other Recompence to make You, than the Worthy Labours of thesis statemenmt my Fellow Undertakers in this Work; and the Thankful Acknowledgments, Prayers, and perpetual good Wishes of,

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fraud officer resume AELE LAW LIBRARY OF CASE SUMMARIES: Employment Labor Law for Public Safety Agencies. Untruthfulness Resume Fraud. A former FBI Agent who engaged in a sexual relationship with a confidential informant was sentenced to a year in prison for making a number of false statements to his supervisor and to Justice Department investigators.

He falsely stated, while signing up the thesis, woman as a confidential informant, that she was not a suspect in any pending investigation, and lied about need help to write, whether he had given FBI reports to the informant's attorney. U.S. v. [Adrian] Busby #1:11-cr-00370 (S.D.N.Y. 2012). Supreme Court votes 7-to-2 to reverse the line of cases that allowed a criminal suspect to statemenmt reply an exculpatory no. Paper! 18 U.S. Code Sec. 1001 permits prosecutions for lying to a federal agent. Brogan v. U.S., 1998 U.S. Lexis 648, 118 S.Ct.

805. [1998 FP 35] Appeals court upholds the statemenmt, decision by an arbitration panel of not to issue a subpoena for the disciplinary files of other officers who were disciplined for untruthfulness. AFSCME v. City of New Haven, #AC 23347, 2004 Conn. App. Need Help To Write! Lexis 56 (2004). [2004 FP Apr] Falsifying time cards or other records. Arbitrator sustains the termination of a public employee, without a prior warning, for falsifying a doctor’s note, extending the time that she could be off work. Univ. of Calif. San Francisco and Coalition of statemenmt, University Employees, 125 LA (BNA) 1808 (Staudohar, 2009).

Arbitrator sustains the need help to write an essay, termination of a worker for dishonesty; the statemenmt, grievant claimed he was suffering from an injury, not an illness, and it is “clear to anyone who watched the video of him at statemenmt Home Depot that he was ambulatory and thesis statemenmt, had a fair range of motion in both shoulders.” Lincoln Electric System and IBEW L-1536, FMCS Case #08/56659, 125 LA (BNA) 1185 (Gaba, 2008). Arbitrator sustains the formal letter, termination of a water dept. Statemenmt! worker for falsifying records. And Scientific Research Practice! AFSCME C-8, L-101 and City of Dayton, AAA #52-390-00330-04 (Graham, 2005). California appeals court affirms the termination of an LAPD officer who submitted a false daily field activities report. Haney v. City of Los Angeles, No. B153530, 2003 Cal. App. Thesis! Lexis 763 (2d Dist. 2003).

Filing a false police report, claim or complaint. Appellate panel sustains the termination of a postal employee for falsifying time records. Essay Size! White v. Postal Service, #2010-3057, 2010 U.S. App. Lexis 12062 (Unpub. Fed. Cir.). Arbitrator upholds the thesis, firing of a police employee who made serious allegations against need the police chief that she knew were untrue. A police dept. must have confidence that its employees will be truthful at all times.

City of Port Orchard and Teamsters L-589, Case #18103-A-03-1396, 123 LA (BNA) 581 (Knutson, 2006). California appellate affirms a civil service commission to reduce a termination to a 90-day suspension for a sergeant who turned in a factually inaccurate internal investigation report. The sergeant had received no formal training and was inexperienced in I-A report writing, and did not intend to deceive his superiors. Kolender v. San Diego County Civil Service Commission (Salenko), #D045266, 132 Cal.App.4th 1150, 2005 Cal. App. Statemenmt! Lexis 1492, 2005 WL 2002283 (4th Dist. 2005). [2005 FP Dec] Massachusetts Supreme Court overturns an arbitration award reinstating an size officer that falsely arrested a citizen and repeatedly lied in his reports about the event. A police officer who . shrouds his own misconduct in an extended web of lies and perjured testimony, corrodes the public's confidence in its police force.

City of Boston v. Boston Police Assn., #SJC-09297, 443 Mass. 813, 824 N.E.2d 855, 2005 Mass. Lexis 151 (Mass. 2005). [2005 FP Jun] Whistleblower law did not protect a North Carolina state trooper who was fired for omitting information about the use of force by another officer in his initial report, and then reported it in an amended report. Newberne v. Crime Control and Public Safety, #COA03-530, 606 S.E.2d 742, 2005 N.C. App.

Lexis 176 (2005). Arbitrator sustains a 10-day disciplinary suspension of a non-safety city worker who falsely reported that her car had been hit in a parking lot. City of North Ridgedale and AFSCME L-3442, 119 LA (BNA) 747 (Fullmer, 2003). Arbitrator sustains the termination of an officer, who had a prior disciplinary offense, of neglect of duty and false reporting. He falsely claimed he was only parked in a secluded area a short period while on statemenmt, a meal break. City of Cooper City and Broward Co. PBA, 118 LA (BNA) 842, FMCS Case #020814/04630-3 (Hoffman, 2003). [2003 FP Nov] Appeals court sustains demotion of a jail sergeant who claimed he saw his lieutenant mistreat an inmate. His story was not believed, he delayed reporting the accusations, and failed to intervene in the alleged beating. LaGrange v. Nueces Co., 989 S.W.2d 96 (Tex.App. 1999). [2000 FP 59]

Appellate court in California concludes that an investigator was lawfully terminated for making false statements on need an essay, a workers' compensation claim form and thesis statemenmt, was dishonest with his supervisor. Holmes v. Dist. Atty., 81 Cal.Rptr.2d 174, 1998 Cal. App. Lexis 1094. [1999 FP 40] Appellate court upholds termination of a police officer who failed to conduct a proper felony investigation, gave false and misleading statements to another officer, failed to essay civil war complete a report, submitted an thesis inaccurate report, and possessed another officer's uniform. Marino v. New Essays In Technical And Scientific! City of Los Angeles, 110 Cal.Rptr. 45, 34 Cal.App.3d 461 (1973). Termination upheld for making a false written statement. Thesis Statemenmt! Cruz v. City of San Antonio, 440 S.W.2d 924 (Tex.Civ. App.

1969). Connecticut Supreme Court sustains disciplinary action against police officers that misrepresented their residency. Wilbur v. Walsh, 147 Conn. Need Help To Write! 317, 160 A.2d 755 (1960). Immunity of persons who respond to investigators.

California appellate court holds that statements made by a former employer during a background investigation by a law enforcement agency were absolutely privileged against a suit for defamation. Shea v. General Tel., 193 Cal.App.3d 1040, 238 Cal.Rptr. 715 (App. 1987). Filing a false medical report justified the discharge of thesis, a firefighter. Nelmark v. Marketing Mix Essay! DeKalb Bd. of thesis, Fire P. Cmsnrs., 512 N.E.2d 1021 (Ill.App. Need! 1987). Intent (necessity of) Federal Merit Board overturns an arbitrator that upheld the thesis statemenmt, termination of thesis, a FLETC instructor for falsifying her educational qualifications. She listed a degree from Hamilton University, an institution that lacks Dept. of statemenmt, Education approval and grants credit for life experiences.

To sustain a falsification charge, management must prove an expository format employee supplied incorrect information with the intention of thesis statemenmt, defrauding the of the civil war, agency. She did earn a bachelor's degree in criminal justice from Hamilton, but the arbitrator focused on the value of the degree. FitzGerald v. Dept. of Homeland Security, #CB-7121-07-0014-V-1, 2008 MSPB 17, 107 MSPR 666, 2008 MSPB Lexis 17. California appellate affirms a civil service commission to statemenmt reduce a termination to a 90-day suspension for a sergeant who turned in a factually inaccurate internal investigation report. The sergeant had received no formal training and was inexperienced in I-A report writing, and did not intend to deceive his superiors. Kolender v. San Diego County Civil Service Commission (Salenko), #D045266, 132 Cal.App.4th 1150, 2005 Cal. App.

Lexis 1492, 2005 WL 2002283 (4th Dist. 2005). [2005 FP Dec] An intent to deceive is a necessary element of the to write, offense of untruthfulness. Smith v. Co. of Riverside, #E037260, 2006 Cal. Statemenmt! App. Unpub. Lexis 2344 (4th Dist. 2005). [2006 FP Jul] Appeals panel affirms the statemenmt, termination of an FBI agent who, during the I-A interview, significantly understated the number of times he had misused a Bureau vehicle. It was unnecessary to prove an intent to deceive his superiors. cards). Ludlum v. Dept. of Justice, #01-3093, 278 F.3d 1280, 2002 U.S.

App. Lexis 1128 (Fed.Cir. 2002). [2002 FP Apr] Lying in a judicial proceeding or otherwise when under oath. A Chicago police officer was fired on the basis that he committed perjury in a proceeding concerning charges of statemenmt, criminal harassment against his second wife by stating that he did not testify in the divorce case involving his first wife. An additional ground for the discharge was a finding that he made false statements in that first divorce proceeding (saying that he did not know where his first wife lived) and false statements in the criminal harassment trial, in violation of a departmental rule. An intermediate appeals court ruled that he had not committed the crime of perjury, since his false statement at the criminal proceeding was immaterial to the issue of harassment. But the finding that he had made false statements in the divorce trial and formal essay, harassment trial was not against thesis the manifest weight of the essay, evidence. The case was remanded to the Police Board for thesis a determination of an appropriate punishment based solely on the making of the false statements alone. The appeals court also rejected the officer's argument that a finding of not guilty in a prior disciplinary action charging him with bigamy barred the present disciplinary action, finding that the earlier case arose out of a different set of facts. Taylor v. Police Board of the to write, City of Chicago, #1-10-1156, 2011 Ill.

App. Lexis 1150, 2011 IL App (1st) 101156. Federal appeals court affirms the termination of statemenmt, a criminal investigator for falsely stating in a court affidavit that she was still married to a spouse from whom she was divorced more than six years earlier. Her claim that she had not read the document was not credible; as a trained criminal investigator who had attended law school, she would not likely sign an affidavit without reading the accompanying petition. Essay Civil War! Hernandez v. Department of Homeland Security, #2009-3038, 2009 U.S. App. Lexis 10021 (Unpub. Fed. Cir.). Appellate court sustains the statemenmt, termination of an officer who, while off-duty, engaged in a high-speed pursuit and failed to format report that another officer had discharged his weapon. He stood mute as L__ lied about firing his gun.

When police officers fail to correct misinformation from thesis their fellow officers, and lie to obstruct investigation into mix essay paper official misconduct, they have forsaken their central duties to protect the statemenmt, citizens of the mix essay, community. Remus v. Sheahan, #1-06-0756, 2009 Ill. App. Lexis 18 (1st Dist.). A divided appellate court affirms the termination of a police officer that lied under oath to help a fellow officer who killed an arrested man. In a 2-to-1 holding, the thesis, court set aside the arbitrator's award reducing the punishment to marketing a three-day suspension because a penalty matrix used in deciding disciplinary punishment was not referenced in thesis statemenmt the bargaining agreement. City of Cincinnati v. Queen City Lodge (Spellen), #C- 040454, 2005 Ohio 1560, 2005 Ohio App. Lexis 1522 (2005); #A0509129 (Cm.Pl. Hamil. Formal Size! Co.

2005). [2006 FP May] Ohio appellate court overturns an arbitration award where the punishment of an officer, who lied under oath, had been reduced from a termination to a three-day suspension. It is also common sense and an inherent expectation that law enforcement officers taking an oath to thesis uphold laws and statemenmt, serve the community must not lie. Thesis! Honesty and service to need to write an essay the community are expectations of all law enforcement officers. A violation of this trust impairs an officer's ability to statemenmt perform the duties of his/her job. Expository Essay Format! City of Cincinnati v. Queen City L-69, F.O.P., # C-040454, 2005 Ohio App. Lexis 1522, 2995 Ohio 1560 (1st Dist. 2005). [2005 FP Jun] Justice Dept. indicts a Deputy U.S. Thesis Statemenmt! Marshal for perjury, following an essay of the civil intimate relationship with an alternate juror in the Oklahoma bombing prosecution of Timothy McVeigh. Although cleared of the accusation that he intended to influence the verdict, he allegedly lied to his superior (18 U.S.

Code §1001) and before a grand jury (18 U.S. Code §1623) about his contacts with the thesis, juror. U.S. v. Benny Bailey, #1:02 CR 00095 (D.Colo. Expository! 2002); DoJ Press Release 02-103. Dismissal sustained for untruthfulness before an official hearing board. Foran v. Murphy, 342 N.Y.S.2d 4 (A.D.

1973). Appellate court upholds termination of a police officer who gave evasive answers to a grand jury. Donnelly v. Police Dept., 40 A.D.2d 649, 336 N.Y.S.2d 508 (1972). Termination upheld for filing an untruthful affidavit. Waseman v. Roman, 168 S.E.2d 548 (W.Va. 1969). Lying to superiors or internal affairs investigators. The Alaska Supreme Court ruled that the state Police Standards Council reasonably decided that a police officer was not of good moral character when he admitted that he lied and was evasive during an investigation into statemenmt alleged misconduct that included abuse of alcohol and making sexually offensive remarks to two female officers.

This was the basis for revoking the officer's police certificate. Marketing Mix Essay! Alaska Police Standards Council v. Parcell, #S-15364, 2015 Alas. Thesis! Lexis 40. A sheriff's deputy cracked a department vehicle's windshield by marketing mix essay paper striking it with a binder while trying to shoo away a horsefly. He initially reported that the cracked windshield was the thesis, result of it being struck by mix essay a rock, but he later admitted his responsibility after another deputy reported the truth. He was fired after an investigation for untruthfulness.

A county civil service board reversed the termination, and later issued a second decision upholding the thesis statemenmt, termination after remand from a trial court. The Supreme Court of Kansas upheld an intermediate appeals court decision vacating the civil service board's first decision overturning the termination, finding both that the civil service board had exceeded its authority, and that its decision had not been substantially supported by the evidence. Denning v. Johnson County Sheriff's Civil Serv. Marketing Mix Essay Paper! Bd., #104318, 2014 Kan. Thesis! Lexis 421.

A police officer employed by a city was terminated after he committed an act of in technical and scientific communication theory, domestic battery and then lied about doing so. The union representing officers filed a grievance asserting that the thesis statemenmt, discharge was not for just cause. Of The! An arbitrator agreed, and ordered that he be reinstated. A trial court found that the arbitration decision was void and in violation of public policy. An appeals court upheld that ruling. “We are aware of no case, and thesis, no statute, that requires an allegation of misconduct in this context be proved by clear and convincing evidence because the misconduct may also be criminal and because the City seeks to discharge the officer.

There is well-defined and dominant public policy against acts of domestic violence. Need To Write An Essay! Acts of domestic violence are even more disturbing when committed by a police officer – whether on or off duty. It is a violation of public policy to require the continued employment of an officer who has been found to be abusive and untruthful. We find the standard of proof is preponderance of the evidence. The Arbitrator concluded the act was proved by a preponderance and the lie was proved by thesis a preponderance. It would be repugnant to public policy to retain [him] as a police officer in these circumstances.” Decatur Police Benevolent and formal, Protective Ass’n Labor Committee v. City of Decatur, #4-11-0764. 968 N.E.2d 749 (Ill. App. 2012).

A female employee at a state youth services agency failed to show that her termination was gender discrimination. She argued that her firing for lying about having had concerns about the wisdom of releasing a young man from statemenmt residential custody into a community-based treatment program was a pretext for sex discrimination. The young man released committed a murder. Help! She pointed to the fact that a male employee who initially told the same lie was not fired. The appeals court found that the two employees were not similarly situated as to their acts of dishonesty, in thesis that the male employee quickly retracted his initial lie, while the plaintiff did not. Twiggs v. Selig, #11-1682, 2012 U.S. App. Lexis 11210 (8th Cir.).

Administrative charges against a police officer for making false statements about past misconduct in mix essay the course of an internal investigations were not barred by a one year limitations period provided in the Maryland Law Enforcement Officers’ Bill of Rights, Md. Code Public Safety §3-106(a). The limitations period starts to run from the day the officer's false statement came to their attention rather than from the date the underlying incident came to departmental attention. Robinson v. Baltimore Police Dept., #2011-17, 2011 Md. Lexis775. A probationary correctional officer failed to thesis show that she was constructively terminated and compelled to resign in essay retaliation for her refusal to make false statements to a grand jury, in thesis statemenmt violation of her First Amendment rights. She had observed a couple arguing outside a home, and essay of the, had allegedly been pressured by a police detective who was unsatisfied with her statements indicating that what she had observed had not been a battery.

He allegedly complained to her employer in an attempt to bully her into changing her story, which she refused to do. She failed to thesis statemenmt show that the alleged firing was retaliatory, and had no protected interest in staying on the job, given her probationary status. Redd v. Nolan, #10-2680, 2011 U.S. App. Essay Format! Lexis 23692 (7th Cir.).

Federal Merit Boards sustains the thesis, termination of a criminal investigator for untruthfulness and failing to timely inform agency management of a confidential informant's misconduct. Bencomo v. Dept. of Homeland Security, #DA-0752-09-0332-I-1, 2011 MSPB 22. Rejecting a defense that memories are inaccurate, an Ohio arbitrator upholds the termination of paper, a police officer accused of lying to a citizen and to his superiors. Thesis! . discharge is an acceptable penalty in light of the higher standard expected of officers of the law, and the grievant previously was counseled about untruthfulness. FOP Ohio and City of Springboro, FMCS #09-02052 (Nowell, 2010). Even though a postal worker was acquitted of theft charges, an appellate court affirms his conviction for expository format making false statements to postal inspectors. United States v. Algee, #08-3196, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 6007, 2010 FED App.

0081P (6th Cir.). In affirming the termination of a federal worker for lack of candor, the undisputed evidence demonstrates that, moments after she left a voicemail message for her supervisor stating that she was unable to statemenmt report for duty due to illness, background laughter ensued, and she admitted that she came up with excuses for her absences on both dates. This undermined the credibility of formal letter, her statements to her supervisor and demonstrated her lack of candor. Smith v. Dept. of Interior, #DC-0752-09-0135-I-1, 2009 MSPB 165, 2009 MSPB Lexis 5660. Arbitrator reinstates a state trooper who was fired for untruthfulness. Statemenmt! The grievant “was under extreme stress from his workload, from to write an essay his family, [and] from thesis statemenmt a racial profiling charge.” The reinstatement was ordered without back pay or benefits and “the grievant shall be granted immediate retirement.” State of Ohio and Ohio State Troopers Assn., Grievance No. 15-03-080122-0004-04-01, 125 LA (BNA) 428 (Feldman, 2008). Arbitrator sets aside the termination of a state trooper who lied about following an agency policy. This was the first apparent instance of untruthfulness, he was under extreme stress at work and at home. The arbitrator ordered the grievant to be reinstated without back pay or benefits and granted immediate retirement. Marketing Paper! State of Ohio and Troopers Assn., Grievance #15-03-080122-0004-04-01, 125 LA (BNA) 428 (Feldman 2008).

Arbitrator sustains the termination of a municipal employee that intentionally delayed providing notification of his divorce to management so that his ex-wife could continue to thesis statemenmt access his health insurance coverage; when confronted, the grievant was not honest or forthcoming. City of Eugene and AFSCME L-1724, 124 LA (BNA) 1724 (Henner, 2008). Illinois federal court delineates when untruthfulness by a police officer warrants termination, and when it does not. The appellant lied about letter size, his whereabouts during a sick day, mischaracterized a conversation between him and another officer during roll call, and lied that he was threatened by a fellow officer. The substance of these falsehoods do not directly relate to [his] public duties as a police officer, nor are they lies resulting from official police business, and therefore do not warrant termination.

Harder v. Vil. of Forest Park, #05-C-5800, 2008 U.S. Dist. Lexis 36892 (N.D.Ill.). New York's highest court upholds the termination of a police officer for giving false and misleading statements to members of the thesis statemenmt, Internal Affairs Bureau. Format! Duncan v. Kelly, #47-SSM-36, 2008 N.Y. Lexis 66, 2008 NY Slip Op 00181, 2008 NY Int. 5. New York appellate court rejects an unusual theory that a probationary NYPD officer should not have been fired for making false and misleading statements to internal affairs investigators, because the statemenmt, underlying offense of credit card fraud occurred before he was hired. The panel also discarded a claim that internal affairs lacked authority to question him about essay letter size, preservice conduct because hiring decisions are made by the city's Dept. of Admin. Services.

Matter of Duncan v. Kelly, #104079/04, 2007 NY Slip Op 06408, 2007 N.Y. App. Div. Lexis 8923 (1st Dept.). N.H. Supreme Court upholds the termination of a police chief who gave agency ammunition to a businessman and then lied about his conduct.

His lack of candor was a violation of the police dept's policy of statemenmt, truthfulness in an investigation and fell below the thesis, standard of behavior appropriate for his position. Yoder v. Middleton, #2004-122, 2005 N.H. Statemenmt! Lexis 101 (N.H. 2005). Nebraska Supreme Court upholds the decertification of a state trooper who repeatedly physically abused his wife and also lied to an investigating officer. Hauser v. Nebraska Police Standards Advisory Council, #S-03-1386, 269 Neb. 541, 694 N.W.2d 171, 2005 Neb. Lexis 64 (2005). [2005 FP Jun]

Appeals court declines to overturn the termination of a police officer who violated agency policy and was untruthful about to write an essay, his conduct. Honesty is critical to an officer's performance of thesis statemenmt, duty. Huemiller, v. Ogden Civil Service Cmsn., #20010968-CA, 2004 UT App 375, 101 P.3d 394, 2004 Utah App. Essay Of The! Lexis 414 (2004). [2005 FP Mar] Although termination might not be appropriate for making a false insurance claim 14 years earlier, an arbitrator upholds the dismissal because the officer lied during the I-A investigation and continued to mislead his superiors up until his time of termination. Kitsap Co. and K.C. Deputy Sheriff's Guild, 118 LA (BNA) 1173, AAA #75-L-390-00240-02 (Gaba, 2003). [2004 FP Feb] Oregon courts affirm an arbitrator's decision to reinstate an officer who used marijuana and lied about it.

Reinstatement does not offend considerations of public policy against drug use or dishonesty, and is consistent with a policy of the rehabilitation of drug users. Washington Co. Thesis Statemenmt! Police Assn. v. Washington Co., Ore. Empl. Rel. Need Help To Write! Bd. #UP 76-99; aff'd, SC#S49518, 335 Ore.

198, 63 P.3d 1167, 2003 Ore. Lexis 120, 172 LRRM (BNA) 2037 (Ore. 2003); action on remand at #A114208, 69 P.3d 767; 2003 Ore. App. Lexis 629, 172 LRRM (BNA) 2592 (Ore. App. 2003). Thesis Statemenmt! [2003 FP Sep] Appeals panel affirms the termination of an FBI agent who, during the I-A interview, significantly understated the number of times he had misused a Bureau vehicle. Essay Civil War! It was unnecessary to prove an intent to deceive his superiors. cards).

Ludlum v. Dept. of Justice, #01-3093, 278 F.3d 1280, 2002 U.S. Statemenmt! App. Lexis 1128 (Fed.Cir. 2002). Of The! [2002 FP Apr] Arbitrator upholds the termination of an officer who lied about thesis statemenmt, having sex in statemenmt a police car while on duty. City of thesis statemenmt, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio and Fraternal Order of Police, FMCS #010302/007108-6, 116 LA (BNA) 545 (2001). [2002 FP Mar]

Supreme Court declines to review police termination case where trooper lied about essay civil, having sex on thesis, duty. Martin v. Kentucky State Police, #98-466, 119 S.Ct. 511, 1998 U.S. Lexis 7289, 142 L.Ed.2d 424 (1998). Essay Civil! [1999 FP 40] In a case of major importance, the Supreme Court reverses lower decisions; upholds the termination of employees who lied to their superiors. Punishment also can be added for those who lie. Statemenmt! LaChance v. Erickson, 1522 U.S. 262, 118 S.Ct. 753 (1998). [1998 FP 35]

Appellate court affirms termination of NYPD officer who lied at an internal affairs interview. His retraction of earlier statements did not excuse the untruthful answers. Spiratos v. Safir, 672 N.Y.S.2d 311 (A.D. Format! 1998). Arbitrator upholds termination of trooper who stopped an attractive motorist for no apparent reason, and then flirted with her. Thesis Statemenmt! He also lied about the marketing paper, incident to his superiors. Thesis! Ohio (State of) and FOP Council 1, 34 (1693) G.E.R.R. (BNA) 1702 (Feldman, 1996). Paper! [1997 FP 36] Federal appeals court upholds termination of police officer for lying to statemenmt superiors concerning his sexual relationship with a former officer.

Sweeney v. City of expository, Ladue, 25 F.3d 702, 1994 U.S. App. Lexis 13215, 64 FEP Cases (BNA) 1633 (8th Cir. Thesis! 1994). [1994 FP 149] Arbitrator reinstates a fire lieutenant that polluted a urine sample. He did not abuse drugs, but did engage in deception. Reinstatement without back pay was sufficient punishment. Fort Lauderdale (City of) and Prof. Firefighters L-1545, 115 LA (BNA) 418 (Mittenthal, 2001). [2001 FP 78] Washington state appellate court affirms termination of a deputy sheriff who lied to get in a training course helpful to need help to write an essay his national guard service.

Kursar v. Whatcom Co., #44585-5-I, 101 Wn. App. 1013, 2000 Wash. App. Lexis 903. [2001 FP 13-4] California appellate court holds that a civil service commission abused its discretion when it reduced a termination to a 90-day suspension, imposed on statemenmt, a deputy sheriff who lied to essay civil cover up a fellow officer's physical abuse of an inmate. Kolender v. San Diego Co. Civ. Serv. Cmsn. (Berry), #D045268, 132 Cal.App.4th 716, 34 Cal.Rptr.3d 1, 2005 Cal. App.

Lexis 1421 (4th Dist. 2005). [2005 FP Dec] Resume fraud or job application omissions and falsehoods. Appellate court affirms the termination of thesis statemenmt, a NYPD officer, who, during the marketing mix essay paper, hiring process, concealed the fact that he had been a suspect in thesis statemenmt a criminal homicide while in the army and had associated with members of a gang that had committed a homicide. Walsh v. Kelly, #3916, 2010 NY Slip Op 9346, 912 N.Y.S.2d 406, 2010 N.Y. Essay! App. Thesis Statemenmt! Div. Lexis 9416.

Federal Merit Board sustains the termination of statemenmt, a government employee who falsely stated in his job application that he had earned a master's degree and also misrepresented his military duty status. Statemenmt! Crump v. Dept. of Veterans Affairs, #CH-0752-06-0820-I-4, 2010 MSPB 119. Arbitrator orders reinstatement of of the, a federal prison employee who omitted mention of receiving non-judicial punishment while in the Navy. The grievant was honorably discharged from thesis statemenmt military service and was subsequently employed with companies engaged in security sensitive operations. Marketing Paper! Fed.

Bur. of Prisons and AFGE L-3969, 126 LA (BNA) 201, FMCS Case #08/54183 (Riker, 2009). Fifth Circuit upholds the rejection of a minority police officer applicant who had concealed his termination and falsely claimed still to be working as an officer at the time of application. Smart v. Geren, #08-50448, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 24995 (Unpub.

6th Cir.). Rejected Haitian applicant for state trooper position failed to thesis statemenmt establish that he was qualified, after a supplemental investigation revealed six discrepancies in his application: (1) false statements to the Social Security Administration; (2) omission of having filed for statemenmt divorce; (3) omission of school transcripts; (4) omission of a physical altercation with his wife; (5) automobile insurance fraud; and (6) fraud in applying for a Florida driver’s license. Gaston v. State of thesis, New Jersey, #08-1831, 2008 US App (3rd) 1572, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 23576 (3rd Cir).

Arbitrator orders the reinstatement of a Bureau of Prisons employee in expository essay spite of her failure to thesis statemenmt disclose an investigation of essay, her at statemenmt another location. She had an excellent work record and was cleared of charges. Moreover, management could not establish that she intentionally gave a false statement, Fed. New Essays In Technical And Scientific Theory! Bur. of Prisons and AFGE L-0922, FMCS Case #07-02327, 125 LA (BNA) 573 (Nicholas). Appellate panel rejects a retaliation lawsuit brought by thesis a sexual harassment complainant who was fired after management learned that she falsely claimed to have a bachelor's degree. Kosan v. Utah Dept. of Corrections, #07-4261, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 18381 (10th Cir.). Federal appeals court sustains the termination of an Air Force employee that failed to reveal the fact that she had been fired from another job in the last five years. Format! Even if the thesis, appellant assumed that the marketing mix essay, question related solely to federal employment, the form clearly indicated discharges from any job.

Wolfbauer v. Statemenmt! O.P.M., #2008-3173, 2008 U.S. Thesis Statemenmt! App. Lexis 14706 (Unpub. Fed. Cir.). Arbitrator upholds discharge of an insubordinate worker, where management offered after-acquired evidence that the grievant had falsified his employment application to hide criminal conduct. Bi-State Development Agency and Amal. Transit Union L-788, FMCS Case No. 0830/59822-A, 125 LA (BNA) 54 (Daly, 2008).

Federal Merit Board sustains the termination of a worker that failed to disclose multiple domestic violence convictions in his employment application. Christopher v. Dept. of the Army, Docket #AT-0752-07-0092-I-1, 2008 MSPB 2. Federal Merit Board overturns an arbitrator that upheld the termination of a FLETC instructor for falsifying her educational qualifications. She listed a degree from Hamilton University, an institution that lacks Dept. of Education approval and thesis statemenmt, grants credit for life experiences. To sustain a falsification charge, management must prove an employee supplied incorrect information with the intention of defrauding the agency. She did earn a bachelor's degree in criminal justice from Hamilton, but the arbitrator focused on the value of the degree. FitzGerald v. Dept. of Homeland Security, #CB-7121-07-0014-V-1, 2008 MSPB 17, 107 MSPR 666, 2008 MSPB Lexis 17. Federal Merit Board votes 2-to-1 to reverse the termination of a federal air marshal that falsified his application by omitting a prescription drug he had taken. Asking an appellant to disclose the medications he is taking prior to extending a job offer violates 42 U.S. Code §12111(d) and 29 C.F.R. §1630.13(a).

The majority relied on Downs v. Mass. Bay Transp. Auth., 8 AD Cases (BNA) 447, 13 F.Supp.2d 130 (D. Mass. And Scientific Communication Theory! 1998). The dissenting member wrote that the thesis, Supreme Court's decisions in LaChance v. Erickson, #96-1395, 522 U.S. 262 (1998) and Bryson v. United States, #35, 396 U.S.

64 (1969) hold that a federal employee does not have the right to lie, even as a response to an improper question. Evans v. Dept. of marketing paper, Homeland Security, #AT-0752-05-0844-I-1, 2007 MSPB 297; 2007 MSPB Lexis 7068. Arbitrator holds that a detention center improperly terminated a correctional officer that falsified his employment application by omitting two instances when a prior employer recommended disciplinary action. From the time the grievant falsified his pre-employment application, a period of 44 months elapsed until he was terminated [and] the misrepresentations of the grievant on his pre-employment application were not material to the employer at thesis the time of his termination. Disciplinary action is reversed Federal Detention Center Miami and AFGE) L-501, FMCS Case #07/51043, 123 LA (BNA) 1236. (J. Wolfson, 2007). MSPB confirms the essay civil, termination of a Bureau of Prisons employee who gave false answers about thesis, child support questions in his employment application. The test is, would the agency hire an applicant if he or she had been truthful?

Cameron v. Dept. of Justice, #DE-0752-04-0155-I-1, 2004 MSPB Lexis 3178 (Rptd. 2005). An employee cannot use the FMLA (or other civil rights laws) to claim retaliatory termination when he was properly fired for marketing mix essay paper falsifying his job-application, and there was no evidence that the thesis statemenmt, employer's rule punishing untruthful applications is applied more harshly to employees who make legal claims against the company than against other employees who falsify their applicant forms. Aubuchon v. Knauf, #03-1382, 359 F.3d 950, 2004 U.S. App. Lexis 4347, 9 WH Cases2d (BNA) 711 (7th Cir. 2004). GAO targets phony degrees held by federal workers. A Senate Committee asked the GAO to investigate the expository, use of diploma mill degrees to obtain positions and thesis statemenmt, promotions and whether those degrees were paid for with federal funds. Arbitrator sustains the paper, firing of a worker who consciously omitted listing prior surgeries and disability claims in her pre-employment application. Birmingham Steel and thesis statemenmt, U.S.W.A.

L-9777, FMCS Case #00/08457, 116 LA (BNA) 61 (Doering, 2001). Arbitrator sustains the termination of a county employee who, in essay of the war her job application, omitted the fact that she had resigned from a criminal justice job, while under suspension. Multnomah County and M.C. Employees L-88, AFSCME C-75, 115 LA (BNA) 1499 (Calhoun, 2001). Statemenmt! [2001 FP 173-4] Arbitrator rules that a private employer did not have just cause to discharge an employee who falsely answered question on the employment application about whether he had ever been convicted of felony. Expository! He worked for over a year without incident and appears to be rehabilitated. Trailmobile and PACE, 112 LA (BNA) 1108 (G. Cohen, 1999). Worker who concealed a conviction on his employment application is thesis entitled to an a total disability compensation award for a back injury.

The concealment was unrelated to the claim. Falls Church Constr. Civil! v. Laider, #962627, 8 (24) Wrk.Cmp. (BNA) 607 (Va. Thesis Statemenmt! 1997). Colorado supreme court rejects all common law wrongful termination suits where the employee lied on the job application form. Crawford Rehabilitation v. Weisman, 938 P.2d 540, 1997 Colo. And Scientific Research! Lexis 491. [1997 FP 170-1] Federal appeals board reduces punishment of employee who concealed a conviction on his job application, from termination to a reprimand. Perez v. Thesis Statemenmt! U.S.

Postal Service, 1997 MSPB Lexis 833, 75 MSPR 503. [1997 FP 155] Employer did not have just cause to essay of the civil war discharge worker who, 11 years earlier, had falsified his employment application. Statemenmt! His work had been satisfactory, and and scientific research practice, he admitted the falsification when confronted. Plymouth Tube and statemenmt, UAW L-1448, 108 LA (BNA) 1016 (Heekin, 1997). Appeals court sustains termination of firefighter who failed to disclose on his application he had been a long-term drug addict. Brennan v. Kaluczky, 641 N.Y.S.2d 176 (A.D. 1996). [1997 FP 43-4] Private employer had just cause to terminate an employee that had falsely stated he quit a prior job to care for his mother, when in thesis fact he had been in prison for a felony. Amer. Comm.

Vehicles and statemenmt, UPIU L-7785, 107 LA (BNA) 1 (Bittel, 1996). Federal court affirms an arbitration award reinstating an employee who gave a false name to conceal the fact he was an in technical communication illegal alien at that time. Termination was without just cause in light of his nine years of faithful service and naturalization as a citizen. Great Atlantic and L-338 RWDS Union, 1996 U.S.Dist. Lexis 5255 (S.D.N.Y.). [1996 FP 173] Florida appellate court sustains termination of thesis statemenmt, sheriff's employee for intentionally omitting his prior employment as a police officer in essay N.H., even though personnel board recommended a 90-day disciplinary suspension. Philbrick v. Co. of Volusia, 668 So.2d 341 (Fla.App. 1996).

Fed. app. Statemenmt! ct. affirms back pay and reinstatement awards of woman f/f that was terminated for concealing her prior foot surgery on her employment application. Jury found the and scientific practice, omission was not a serious medical problem and that fire dept. Thesis! discriminated against her because of her fall from a fire truck and a back injury. Thomlinson v. Omaha, 63 F.3d 786 (8th Cir. 1995). Employer had just cause to terminate an employee who, in his employment application, concealed a conviction, lied about his education and failed to disclose a term in prison. Trane Co. and and scientific, Electronic Workers, 104 LA (BNA) 1121 (Johnson, 1995). Mixed motives: Just cause existed to thesis discharge an employee who falsified his employment application, even though the misconduct was discovered after he was investigated for distributing socialist literature. Cone Mills v. An Essay! ACTWU, 103 LA (BNA) 745 (Byars 1994). NY appellate court affirms termination of NYCPD officer for omitting mention of ongoing psychological treatment in thesis statemenmt his preservice application. Statemenmt! Gray v. Dept. of statemenmt, Personnel, 592 N.Y.S.2d 376 (A.D.

1993). New Essays Research! [1994 FP 28] Federal appeals court allows an otherwise wrongfully terminated employee to collect double back wages up until the time an employer discovers misrepresentation in the employment application. Thesis Statemenmt! Kristufek v. Essay War! Hussman Foodservice Co., 985 F.2d 364 (7th Cir. 1993). Thesis! [1994 FP 11] Appellate court affirms termination of NYPD officer who omitted, on his employment application, any mention of his military service and new essays in technical communication research, the use of an alias. Angelopoulos v. N. Y. Civil Serv. Cmsn., 574 N.Y.S.2d 44 (A.D. Statemenmt! 1991). Marketing Paper! [1992 FP 133-4] Federal appeals court reverses backpay awarded to a victim of statemenmt, sex discrimination.

Later discovered evidence of war, a falsified application voided her otherwise valid claim of wrongful termination. Thesis! Milligan-Jensen v. Michigan Tech. Expository Essay Format! Univ., 975 F.2d 302 (6th Cir. Statemenmt! 1992); Cert. Dismissed, 114 S.Ct. 22 (1993). [1993 FP 77-8 142] City could also defend its failure to promote an officer on to write, the basis of derogatory information learned after his promotion was rejected.

Untruthfulness about academic credentials barred his promotion even though degree was not a promotional requirement. Gilty v. Vil. of Oak Park, 919 F.2d 1247 (7th Cir. 1990). Illinois disbars a lawyer who misrepresented the statemenmt, circumstances relating to thesis statemenmt his termination as a Chicago police officer. In re Thomas W. Jordan, 478 N.E.2d 316, 1985 Ill. Lexis 21. Police officer could be terminated for misrepresenting his prior employment record and his draft status.

Purdy v. Cole, 317 So.2d 820, 1975 Fla. App. Lexis 13837.